In this Book

The World War I Diary of José de la Luz Sáenz
summary
“I am home, safe and sound, and reviewing all these memories as if in a dream. All of this pleases me. I have been faithful to my duty.” Thus José de la Luz Sáenz ends his account of his military service in France and Germany in 1918. Published in Spanish in 1933, his annotated book of diary entries and letters recounts not only his own war experiences but also those of his fellow Mexican Americans.
A skilled and dedicated teacher in South Texas before and after the war, Sáenz’s patriotism, his keen observation of the discrimination he and his friends faced both at home and in the field, and his unwavering dedication to the cause of equality have for years made this book a valuable resource for scholars, though only ten copies are known to exist and it has never before been available in English. Equally clear in these pages are the astute reflections and fierce pride that spurred Sáenz and others to pursue the postwar organization of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC).
This English edition of one of only two known war diaries of a Mexican American in the Great War is translated with an introduction and annotation by noted Mexican American historian Emilio Zamora.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. pp. C-C
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-vi
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Illustrations
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. “For Democracy, Humanity,and Justice”
  2. pp. xi-xii
  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-20
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  1. The 360th Infantry Regiment, 90th Division
  2. pp. 21-22
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  1. Mexican Americans in the Great War
  2. pp. 23-24
  1. Preface
  2. pp. 25-28
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  1. Prologue
  2. pp. 29-36
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  1. My Personal Diary
  2. pp. 37-38
  1. Reporting at New Braunfels
  2. pp. 39-47
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  1. The Brigade Station
  2. pp. 48-64
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  1. Camp Travis
  2. pp. 65-138
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  1. France
  2. pp. 139-206
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  1. How Carrejo and Four Others Died
  2. pp. 207-216
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  1. A Horrible Night in “No Man’s Land”
  2. pp. 217-230
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  1. Toul, Choloy, and Rampondt
  2. pp. 231-240
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  1. Moving across the Rubble of the Battlefield to Reach the Enemy and Occupy the Line of Fire: Montfaucon and Dead Man’s Hill
  2. pp. 241-245
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  1. Five Days and Nights in a Foxhole in Romagne
  2. pp. 246-255
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  1. How We Destroyed Hindenburg’s Impregnable Trenches
  2. pp. 356-261
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  1. Simón Gonzáles and Others
  2. pp. 262-266
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  1. Hipólito Jasso Receives a Shrapnel Wound
  2. pp. 267-272
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  1. Dark Night, Cold Night, Horrible Night in Villers-devant-Dun
  2. pp. 273-283
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  1. Armistice Day
  2. pp. 284-293
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  1. Memorable March from Pont-Sassy, France
  2. pp. 294-301
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  1. Memories of the European War, Our Last Campaign, Five Days and Nights
  2. pp. 302-307
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  1. Thanksgiving and Then to Germany
  2. pp. 308-338
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  1. In Zeltingen, Alemania, by the Moselle
  2. pp. 339-341
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  1. Mexican Americans Attend School
  2. pp. 342-393
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  1. The Texans and Oklahomans: An Occasion for Drawing on a Postcard
  2. pp. 394-399
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  1. Prodding That Produces Favorable Results
  2. pp. 400-415
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  1. Article of War No. 105 and 2,175 Bottles of Champagne
  2. pp. 416-433
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  1. A Portrait of Zeltingen
  2. pp. 434-436
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  1. On the Last Cattle Train and Cars 40 and 8
  2. pp. 437-443
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  1. The Mongolia, American Steamship
  2. pp. 444-450
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  1. How Boston Receives Us
  2. pp. 451-461
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  1. Demobilizing the 90th Division
  2. pp. 462-468
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  1. Epilogue: The Voice of a Claim That Demands Justice
  2. pp. 469-470
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  1. To the Memory of the Mexican American Heroes Who Died in the Great World War Defending the Democratic Principles of the American Union
  2. pp. 471-472
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  1. List of Honor
  2. pp. 473-476
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 477-500
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 501-516
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  1. Back Cover
  2. pp. BC-BC
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