Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Title Page, Copyright

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. ix

List of Illustrations

pdf iconDownload PDF

p. x

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xii

This book began over a decade ago with my discovery of two eighteenth-century documents that inspired me with an inexplicable obsession to “unsilence” Hannah Freeman’s story. I did not understand how far or how long that journey would take, but I have no regrets about my choice. I am wiser for the journey, but not weary, and my obsession...

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-6

On July 28, 1797, Hannah Freeman, an elderly indigent Lenape woman, stood before Moses Marshall, Chester County’s newly appointed almsman, and delivered a brief account of her life; two hundred years later one anthropologist credited it as a Native American biography “that predates by nearly one hundred years the earliest...

read more

Chapter 1. The Examination of Hannah Freeman

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 7-34

The appearance of Hannah Freeman, an elderly Lenape woman, standing on the West Chester courthouse steps on July 28, 1797, must have seemed a strange sight to those who took notice that day. At the end of the eighteenth century, eastern Pennsylvanians were far removed from the violent borders of Indian country in western Ohio. The great diaspora of Lenape...

read more

Chapter 2. All Our Grandmothers

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 35-73

It is not hard to imagine that Hannah Freeman’s grandmother might have stood on the same hill where the Chester County poorhouse was built and looked out on a landscape that would be much changed within two generations. The hilltop location offered a panoramic view of the lands claimed...

read more

Chapter 3. The Peaceable Kingdom

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 74-105

Every morning Hannah Marshall, a young Quaker girl, began her daily chores by grabbing the large wooden bucket that sat inside the front door of her family home.1 From the time she was old enough to lift and carry the weight of the filled pail, it was her responsibility to go out to the front well and bring water that her mother...

read more

Chapter 4. Lenapehoking Lost

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 106-134

When Hannah Freeman was a young woman, her father “went to Shamokin and never returned.” As she recounted her life story to Moses Marshall in 1797, she offered little explanation except that he left at a time when “the country becoming more settled the Indians were not allowed to plant corn any...

read more

Chapter 5. Kindness Extended

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 135-163

The Lenape people had many stories handed down from generation to generation that told of their history and culture. Elders told stories of the creator, Kishelemukong, who caused a giant turtle to rise from the depths of the ocean to become the land upon which all beings lived: Turtle Island. First Man and First...

read more

Chapter 6. The Betrayal

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 164-178

On November 12, 1800, Hannah Freeman walked through the front doors of the newly built Chester County Alms House. The smell of fresh lumber and the sounds of ongoing construction filled the air as she climbed the stairs and passed through the hall to meet the waiting directors...

read more

Epilogue

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 179-187

Nearly one hundred years to the day after the Chester County Historical Society commemorated Hannah Freeman by placing a boulder and plaque on her alleged gravesite, a group of concerned Chester County citizens once again took up the banner to recommemorate the 1909 commemoration. The inscription on the 1909 plaque...

read more

Appendix 1. The Examination of Indian Hannah alias Hannah Freeman

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 189-190

The Examination of Indian Hannah, alias, Hannah Freeman Who saith she was born in a Cabin on William Webb’s Place in the Township of Kennett about the year 1730 or 31. The family consisting of her Grandmother Jane Aunts Betty & Nanny, her Father and Mother used to live in their Cabin...

read more

Appendix 2. Kindness Extended

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 191-193

Hannah Freeman Commonly Called Indian Hannah an ancient Woman of the Delaware Tribe and the only Person of that Description left amongst us being afflicted with Rheumatism and unable to support herself accustomed to Travel from house to House which is sometimes attended...

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 195-202

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 203-213