Cover

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Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-vi

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Introduction

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pp. vii-xvi

...of 1861 that Federal forces would no longer "be commanded by 'pathfinders' and holiday soldiers, but by men of military education and experience in war: the contest is therefore to be on a scale of very different proportions than that of the partisan warfare witnessed...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xvii-xx

...knowledge and resources in order to help the editors produce the Civil War volumes of the Jefferson Davis Papers. We wish to salute those who have rallied to the cause of Volume 8. The board of directors of the Jefferson Davis Association and the board of advisory editors remain...

Editorial Staff

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pp. xxi-xxiv

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Editorial Method

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pp. xxv-xxx

...Items composed by Davis are given preference for publication with annotation, particularly those documents that illuminate his opinions, philosophy, and personal relationships. Special consideration is given to letters, speeches, and documents not previously...

Symbols and Abbreviations

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pp. xxxi-xxxiv

Repository Symbols

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pp. xxxv-xxxvi

Contents

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pp. xxxvii-xliv

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Chronology, 1862

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pp. xlv-lii

...Brackets indicate dates and entries that follow logically from information in primary sources but are not explicitly stated. Occasional recorded references to regular activities such as cabinet meetings, churchgoing, visits to encampments...

The Papers of Jefferson Davis Annotated Documents 1862

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pp. 1-3

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From Leonidas Polk . . . January 3

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pp. 4-5

...trustworthy messenger from this post to both of their camps for that purpose. That messenger has just returned and I have thought it best to send him without delay to you, which I do on tomorrow. I gave Genl Price to understand that I regarded...

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From Thomas Jordan . . . January 4

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pp. 6-8

...From Charles D. Slaughter (ibid., r21, 677-79): from Danville, reports "vox populi" on reenlistment; people believe there will be a draft by Feb. 1 and are making preparations; war is popular and money plentiful; sees marked reliance on Providence for help; only complaint...

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From Francis W. Pickens . . . January 7

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pp. 8-11

...it must be from inadvertance, for I do not think Ripley at all exact in relation to Infantry. I have sent Genl. Lee a correct return. Genl. Lee is a perfect head gentn...

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From Wirt Adams . . . January 11

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pp. 11-15

...of all military operations on this line. They are both earnest and faithful workers, and have managed the army and its operations here with great prudence & ability. The moment of greatest peril to us, is happily...

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From Leonidas Polk . . . January 11

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pp. 15-17

...making such formadable preparations is at hand. I have reason to believe they will attack by land and water in a few days, Their flotilla is composed of the Gun Boats, Mortar Boats and Transports enumerated...

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From James B. Mallory . . . January 13

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pp. 18-20

...preparation for defence, in the Peninsula, there should now exist a necessity for a requisition on slave labor, at the approaching busy season. They are willing to submit to privations and bear their part of the burdens of the war, but they think there is about as much necessity for...

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From A. Dudley Mann . . . January 18

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pp. 20-28

...In endeavoring to keep you faithfully advised of all that is transpiring in Europe, with reference to American affairs, I have incurred a large amount of risk. I console myself with the belief that all the letters which I have addressed to you reached their...

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From Landon C. Haynes . . . January 27

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pp. 29-34

...or Gen. Loring would restore tone to the army & reinspire the public confidence. I must think as every body else does, that there has been a great mistake made. Every moment...

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From Andrew B. Moore . . . February 3

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pp. 34-37

...The subject of permitting cotton to leave our Southern ports clandestinely, has had some attention from me and I have come to the conclusion that it is a "Yankee Trick" that Should have immediate...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . February 5

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pp. 37-39

...SIR, I have just received from Major General Jackson, a copy of the letter of the Secretary of War to him, directing the evacuation of Romney, & withdrawal of our troops to Winchester...

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To Leonidas Polk . . . February 7

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pp. 39-41

...he will communicate to you my views in relation to the subject of your letter more fully than I can now offer them in writing. I felt an feel unwilling to detain you in the military service beyond the necessity for your presence and...

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To W. H. C. Whiting . . . February 10

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pp. 41-46

...for the Division in which you were to serve. I chose in organizing the troops, to put the Regts. as far as practicable under Generals from their own States. Thus the Missi. Regts. were to be part of the Division...

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From Henry A. Wise . . . February 13

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pp. 46-48

...time and the Storms prevented me from working and no work had been done. The N. Carolina troops had not been paid, clothed or drilled, and they had no teams, or tools, or materials for constructing works of defence, and they were badly commanded and led...

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To Joseph E. Johnston . . . February 14

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pp. 49-53

...and I am informed that he went no further than Winchester to which point the commander of the expedition had withdrawn, leaving the troops for whom anxiety had been excited at Romeney...

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To Joseph E. Davis . . . February 21

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pp. 53-56

...than your condition. I had realized the embarrassment and loss of removal before your reference to it, and had believed it would not be necessary, but recent events shake my faith. The enemy are for the time occupied with the interior...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . February 23

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pp. 56-58

...I believe that the guns on the Potomac have very little effect. Vessels pass the batteries at night without much damage. The matter which you wished to keep secret was reported at Dumfries by an officer who left Richmond on Thursday. I was informed of it in the train within twenty miles of Richmond, as...

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To the Congress of the Confederate States . . . February 25

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pp. 58-67

...In obedience to the Constitutional provision requiring the President from time to time to give to the Congress information of the State of the Confederacy, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary...

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To Joseph E. Johnston . . . February 28

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pp. 67-73

...these it appears that the enemy is concentrating in your front and pushing his reconaissance closely and actively. Your opinion that your position may be turned whenever the enemy shall choose to advance and that he will be ready to take the field before yourself...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . March 1

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pp. 73-77

...of War, without the knowledge of commanding officers, and in violation of the army regulations on this subject. The object of this wholesome rule which was to give the government the right to be heard through its officers is defeated. The department...

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To Joseph E. Johnston . . . March 4

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pp. 77-81

...The Secty of War informs me that he has not granted leaves of absence or furloughs to Soldiers of your command for a month past, and then only to divert the current which threatened by legislation to destroy your army by a whole sale system...

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To Joseph E. Johnston . . . March 6

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pp. 81-83

...that you will be able to mobilize your army by the removal of your heavy ordnance, and such stores as are not required for a/c/tive operations, so that whenever you are required to move, it may be without public loss, and without impediment to...

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From Peterson T. Richardson . . . March 6

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pp. 83-87

...have no desire to dictate to you, or add another care or trouble to your already over burdened heart—, but my sympathies if not my sense prompts me to call your attention to our army in Arizona or New Mexico My two youngest sons...

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From Tennessee Congressmen . . . March 8

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pp. 87-92

...One of our number has just returned from there; and from him, as well as from other sources of information so varied and so numerous, that we cannot doubt the melancholy fact, we learn that that the public sentiment in Tennessee is strangely dispirited...

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To Albert Sidney Johnston . . . March 12

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pp. 92-96

...avail myself to write you an unofficial letter. We have suffered great anxiety because of recent events in Ky & Tenn.; and I have been not a little disturbed by the repetitions of reflections upon yourself...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . March 13

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pp. 96-100

...By proper management of the rail road it seems to me that from the neighbourhood of Gordonsville 20000 or even 30000 men might be thrown into Richmond in a single day. This would require military control, however - May not that be assumed...

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To William M. Brooks . . . March 15

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pp. 100-108

...war upon a "purely defensive" system. The advantage of selecting the time and place of attack was too apparent to have been overlooked, but the means have been wanting. Without military stores, without the workshops to create them, without...

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From Beverley Tucker . . . March 20

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pp. 108-112

...pride, despite the intelligence of the recent disasters to our arms. It exhibited our Chief Magistrate to the world, in the high qualities of Christian, gentleman, Soldier and Statesman. It was in such striking and beautiful contrast...

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From Jefferson D. Bradford . . . March 23

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pp. 112-117

...about the R.R. transportation, it was subject to great delays, connections were not made and the trains thrown far beyond their Schedule time. Our horses were forty eight hours on the cars, and as I had taken Jim Naylor...

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To Albert Sidney Johnston . . . March 26

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pp. 117-120

...So far as the past is concerned it but confirms the conclusions at which I had already arrived. My confidence in you has never wavered and I hope the public will soon give me credit for judgement rather than continue to arraign...

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From A. W. G. Davis and to George W. Randolph . . . March 29

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pp. 120-125

...the exchange of prisoners would justify the Hon Secretary in such a course. In an interview I had with him to day I announced as above when he with some feeling in apparent astonishment replied to me...

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From Douglas H. Cooper . . . [April] 2

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pp. 126-129

...We have as you no doubt know already, met with a great disaster - and unless some efficient steps are taken immediately to organize a strong force for the defence of the Indian Territory it will be lost & with...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . April 4

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pp. 129-131

...to defend so long a line, should that line be seriously threatened— & the reinforcements given to General Magruder are not sufficient to make victory certain. By joining him with our whole force, we could...

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From P. G. T. Beauregard . . . [April 6]

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pp. 131-133

...We this morning attacked the enemy in strong position in front of Pittsburg & after a Severe battle of ten hours, thanks be to the Almighty, gained a complete victory driving the enemy from every position...

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To Joseph E. Brown . . . April 7

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pp. 133-135

...I have been much gratified to receive your favor of the 22nd ult. informing me that in response to the call on Georgia for twelve additional war regiments, she now tenders thirteen regiments and three Battalions...

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To Earl Van Dorn . . . April 7

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pp. 135-147

...The battle fought on the 6th near to the Tenn. river may change the disposition of your army. If the victory has been as complete as reported it may open a wider and more fruitful field than you anticipated when...

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From Joseph E. Davis . . . April 20–22

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pp. 147-153

...I constantly think of your exposed condition, would it not be well to send Varina and the children to the interior, [number?] of the enemy their high state of discipline must render the result of a battle uncertain...

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To Clement C. Clay . . . April 25

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pp. 153-159

...prepare me for the course you have chosen to adopt. In vain have I patiently borne your unfriendly criticism, if it is but to give intervals between the assaults, which you continue to make...

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From Joseph E. Davis . . . May 2

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pp. 159-164

...and unwearied labour of Porterfield (& Cox to whom I had writen a few days before) I succeeded in getting two flat boats the only ones in the place and a small steamer...

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From William Lowndes Yancey . . . May 5

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pp. 164-167

...In writing to you, during the late session upon the subject of the purchase of arms in Europe, I was so much engaged as to neglect keeping copies of the two letters...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . May 9

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pp. 168-170

...I looked for you before leaving this morning and not finding you signed two checks to be filled up. The inconvenience which may exist in sending money to you hereafter will render it proper that you should start with a sufficient sum of current money to answer...

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To Joseph E. Johnston . . . May 11

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pp. 170-172

...orders were long since given to bring the practice and the law into conformity, and recently reports have been asked for from the Commanders of separate armies as to the composition of their respective Brigades and Divisions. I have been...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . May 12

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pp. 172-174

...I am quite desolate and at every look meet something of yours or of the children to remind me that I am alone. I have but a moment to send you my love and prayers May God have you all in his holy keeping. Kiss my dear Children and...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . May 13

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pp. 174-177

...had been with due preparation and the desirable deliberation I should be more sanguine of a successful defence of this city. Various causes have delayed the obstruction and the armament of the covering fort...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . May 16

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pp. 178-184

...I returned this evening from a long ride through rain & mud, having gone down the James River to see the works and obstructions on which we rely to stop the gun boats...

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To Joseph E. Johnston . . . May 17

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pp. 184-187

...This will be handed to you by my Aid Colo. Lee, who is sent to communicate fully to you the condition of the works on James River and the positions and forces on the South side of it. He will give you the details of the attack by the gun Boats...

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From Varina Howell Davis . . . May 19

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pp. 187-192

...that opportunity to send a few words at least. The house is full to overflowing here, and the fare dreadful— sometimes not in sufficient quantity for all, however I have many things sent to me...

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To Margaret Howell Davis . . . May 20

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pp. 192-193

...know you could write so well. Now that Miss Gussie.2 is not with you I expect you will have to teach Jeff. & Joe how to write. Billy's little fingers could not hold a pen yet and then he don't know his letters does he? I found two little flower jars in the window of...

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To Earl Van Dorn . . . May 20

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pp. 193-195

...to my notice which may operate injuriously on our cause, and which it is advisable to counteract so far as it can properly be done. From the tenor of this proclamation which has no doubt been read by you...

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From Joseph E. Davis . . . May 22

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pp. 196-201

...inteligence of a satisfactory character. I wrote you the Brierfield negroes run off when Cox was about to leave with the Boat containing the books papers &c and some of mine five of your are here...

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To Joseph E. Johnston . . . [May 29]

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pp. 201-202

...I have been further urged to have the Missi: Regts thrown together without delay. By reference to a former communication you will see what Regts it was proposed then to conjoin, I will not attempt...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . [May 30]

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pp. 203-205

...years, together with the pistols used at Monterey and Buena Vista, and my old dressing-case. These articles will have a value to the boys in after-time, and to you now. . . . They will probably go forward...

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From Varina Howell Davis . . . May 30

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pp. 205-208

...Of course dear Love I must bear my share of our troubles, would to God I could bear yours too. I am grateful to feel that I am near enough to communicate with you to exchange sympathy at least...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . June 2

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pp. 208-212

...Our troops behaved most gallantly, drove the enemy out of their encampments captured their batteries, carried their advanced redoubts, and marched forward under fire more heavy than I...

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From Thomas O. Moore . . . June 2

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pp. 212-217

...Owing to the delay, difficulty & risk of communication between the War Department & those living on this side of the Mississippi, I have authorized suitable persons to enrol companies of Partisan Rangers in accordance with the Act of...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . June 3

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pp. 217-219

...cannot telegraph to you of our military operations without attracting attention and exciting speculation which it is desirable to avoid. The events of the last few days have not varied our condition in any decisive manner...

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From Varina Howell Davis . . . June 3

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pp. 219-225

...when I contemplate you in your beleagued city surrounded by difficulty worn out by responsibilities, and tossed by doubt, you are in your Christian reliance, and strong faith the noblest object...

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From Robert E. Lee . . . June 5

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pp. 225-229

...After much reflection I think if it was possible to reinforce Jackson strongly it would change the character of the war. This can only be done by the troops in Georgia, S.C. & N.C. Jackson could in that event...

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From Robert E. Lee . . . June 7

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pp. 229-231

...he is now under a pledge of abstinence, which I hope will protect him from the vice he fell into. Longstreet is a capital soldier. His recommendations hitherto have been good, & I have confidence...

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From Charles J. Mitchell . . . June 7

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pp. 231-235

...I enclose a paragraph in the V Burg Whig in regard to your not ordering your cotton to be burned at Brierfield. Your name for some time since has been used so freely in regard to that matter that I have been tempted to write you at the risk of being thought to meddle in that...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . June 11

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pp. 235-239

...after his return from Nicaragua, has offered to bear a letter to you, and I have but a few minutes in which to write it. I am in usual health, though the weather has been very inclement. The roads to the different positions of the army could not...

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From Francis W. Pickens . . . June 12

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pp. 239-243

...I recieved your telegram this morning, and answered' that General Bragg was the proper man to be sent for a few weeks to Charleston, if he could be spared. If this could be done it would be of great service. Bragg was once stationed on Sullivan's Island...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . June 13

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pp. 243-246

...Your telegram of 12th gives assurance of the subsidence of disease. But the look of pain and exhaustion, the gentle complaint "I am tired" which has for so many years oppressed me, seems to have been revived; and unless God spares...

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From Joseph E. Davis . . . June 13–14

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pp. 246-253

...I wrote you a few days since that I had been to the plantations and brought of some of the negroes, the measels at Brierfield prevented me from bringing more, the river was falling rapidly & I directed that those remaining should plant corn as the water...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . June 19

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pp. 253-256

...well I had returned for Jim had announced that he could not wait for me another day and E. seemed to think he would have been off to Raleigh. Genl. Dick Taylor was here during my absence he spoke in handsome terms of the gallant conduct...

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From J. L. M. Curry . . . June 20

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pp. 256-264

...reflection. Knowing your engagements, I shall confine myself to general statements, although I could give reasons, more or less elaborate, for every opinion I may express. It is unnecessary to protest sincerity...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . June 23

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pp. 264-268

...Have the children been happy in the change and has my angel baby been benefitted by the country air? I do not recollect the conversation about the poney. Jeff: told me he could buy one that he had tried and found good. If you would...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . June 25

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pp. 268-276

...written when you were most anxious for our angel baby, the latter is not as favorable in relation to his convalescence as I had expected, but I am left to hope that the improvement noted in your last telegram...

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To Robert E. Lee . . . July 5

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pp. 276-278

...is a hard necessity to be compelled to allow him time to recover from his discomfiture and to receive reinforcements, but under the circumstances it must be regarded as necessary. I fully concur with you as to the impropriety...

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From Robert E. Lee . . . July 5

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pp. 278-280

...From the conflicting & exaggerated reports of the movements of the enemy, I conclude that he has been reinforced, & there are besides indications that it may be his purpose to make a lodgment on...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . July 6

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pp. 280-282

...Your regret that we did not capture all the Yankees is quite common but very unreasonable, as they being more numerous and better appointed we could neither surround them nor close all the roads against them; but if we had caught them all what could...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . July 7

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pp. 282-285

...officers to go home. Beckett sailed from Hamburg and reached Nassau about the middle of June on his was home, Capt Semmes sailed from England and reached the same port a few days thereafter, and finding...

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From Joseph E. Davis . . . July 10

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pp. 285-290

...the took Shepherd & Perline a mulato girl of 12 or 13 years my young stallion that I prised, a cart & mule, from Hurricane, said they would return for the property at Brierfield and the balanc of mine...

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From John J. Pettus . . . July 16

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pp. 290-292

...One Thousand have arrived & are in the hands of Companies recently raised from the militia now on the way to the Miss River You will have heard before this reaches you that the Arkansas has struck one brave blow on...

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To John Forsyth . . . July 18

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pp. 293-296

...The time and place for invasion has been a question not of will but of power. There have been occasions when it seemed to me possible to make aggressive movements upon detachments of the enemy and they...

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From Robert H. Chilton . . . July 20

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pp. 296-302

...I have to day been informed by Genl Cooper that a letter written by him with hopes of bringing to your notice the inexpedience of sending Genl Magruder to a section of country in which I am particularly interested...

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From Robert E. Lee . . . July 26

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pp. 302-305

...Bragg could make a move, or even E. K. Smith & Loring, it would produce a great effect. Do you think anything can be done. I go to Drury's bluff to day very resply...

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To E. Kirby Smith . . . July 28

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pp. 305-309

...I have the pleasure to acknowledge your's of the 14, with enclosures manifesting at the same time your regard for me and your love of justice. A long experience has somewhat blunted my sensibility to undeserved censure, but has not weakened my appreciation...

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To Robert E. Lee . . . July 31

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pp. 309-312

...Scarcely had that cartel been signed, when the military authorities of the United States commenced a practice changing the character of the war from such as becomes civilized nations into a campaign of indiscriminate robbery and murder...

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From Braxton Bragg . . . July 31

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pp. 312-314

...but it is neither grateful nor honest to vent his impotent rage on those who have strived to save him, and upon the cause he is solemnly sworn to support...

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From Henry T. Clark . . . July 31

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pp. 314-321

...dissatisfaction there, but not feeling it my provi/n/ce, I have made no inquiries or investigations.. After calling your attention to it, it will remain with the Confederate authorities, to see if any alterations or improvements...

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To Braxton Bragg . . . August 5

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pp. 321-324

...As to your supposition in relation to the newspaper slips, it is proper that I should give you some evidence against your belief of complicity of Judge W...

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To Francis W. Pickens . . . August 5

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pp. 324-331

...A press of occupations has delayed reply to your letters of the 19th. and 29th. ult., but their contents have received the careful attention of Genl. Lee and myself, We both concur with you in opinion as to the...

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From E. Kirby Smith . . . August 11

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pp. 331-336

...Genl. Bragg's advance arrived at Chattanooga on the 24th. July, Some two weeks, yet, must elapse before his movement to E. Tenn, and the mobilization of his army will be perfected. In the mean time I shall...

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To George W. Randolph . . . August 13

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pp. 336-339

...counsel against the endorsement of the Commissary Genl. — I duly considered the several papers and have arrived at the conclusion that it is not competent for the Executive Department to make extra compensation...

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From Robert E. Lee . . . August 14

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pp. 339-344

...From every account that reaches me The enemy is accumulating a large force in Culpepper. Three deserters from Burnside came in to day, & report that he reached Fredg. with 12000, & reed. 21 regts: after his...

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From Robert E. Lee . . . August 17

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pp. 344-349

...though the material damage dealt him in the battles of the Chickahominy was not as great as I could have wished, he must have been so morally shattered as to have induced the belief that the safety of his army...

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From John Milton . . . August 20

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pp. 349-351

...Information received daily convinces me, that the slave population in the different portions of the State are becoming restive and troublesome, and desirous to seek the protection of the enemy. Many have already joined the enemy and others are constantly making...

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From Joseph E. Davis . . . August 23

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pp. 351-354

...still in search of a place, property is higher than before the war and provisions three times every thing is high except labor I find it difficult to find places /to buy/ for them and then they often run off and go back to...

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From Robert E. Lee . . . August 23

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pp. 354-360

...concentration on his left flank, while threatening his right, & commenced Sunday night to retire his stores &c behind the Rappahannock — The atmosphere was unfavourable for observation...

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From Margaret Howell Davis . . . August 28

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pp. 360-360

...are, well now. Billy is so sweet, he is growing so fast and laughs so loud, — Jeffie and I say our lessons every day and nearly always get 9 — This ink that I- am...

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From Theophilus H. Holmes

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pp. 360-367

...It is necessary that you should understand the situation of affairs here in order that you may make allowances for the numerous violations of law and regulations in the matter of appointments, Martial law criminal...

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To Robert E. Lee . . . August 30

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pp. 367-373

...though like all the lessons of life it is mingled with regret. I trust the wounded Generals /whom/ you mention may speedily recover and be preserved for other fields of usefulness...

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From Robert E. Lee . . . September 3

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pp. 373-379

...The present seems to be the most propitious time, since the commencement of the war, for the Confederate Army to enter Maryland. The two grand armies of the U. S. that have been operating in Virginia...

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From Robert E. Lee . . . September 7

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pp. 379-387

...for necessaries for the army as it is probable that many individuals will hesitate to receive Confederate currency. I shall endeavor in all cases to purchase what is wanted, and if unable to pay upon the spot will...

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From Robert E. Lee . . . September 13

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pp. 387-393

...I regret that you should have exposed yourself while indisposed, to the fatigue of travel, though I should have been highly gratified at an opportunity of conferring with you on many points...

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From Robert E. Lee . . . September 18

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pp. 393-395

...Early next morning it was renewed in earnest, and large masses of the Federal troops that had crossed the Antietam above our position, assembled on our left, and threatened to overwhelm us. They advanced...

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From Robert E. Lee . . . September 20

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pp. 396-398

...was immediately put in motion towards Williamsport. Before crossing the river in order to threaten the enemy on his right, and rear, and make him apprehensive for...

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From Joseph E. Davis . . . September 22

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pp. 398-405

...I have delayed with the hope that I might be able to say somthing definate as to the settlement of our negroes. You could not very readily understand the difficulty to find shelter for them, even by a purchase...

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From G. W. C. Lee . . . September 25

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pp. 405-407

...I reached Staunton Saturday evening, the 20th. inst.; but was unable to get away from there until the following day at 2 oclock, and would not have been able to get away for several days, or weeks perhaps, had...

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To Robert E. Lee . . . September 28

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pp. 408-416

...of Congress a message recommending the establishment of a commission to each army in the field, and that in addition to the ordinary powers ' of a Court Martial, it should, as an "Inferior Court", have...

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From Braxton Bragg . . . October 2

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pp. 416-420

...The failure of Genl Breckenridge to carry out his part of my programme has seriously embarrassed me, and marred the whole campaign to some extent— But the results are still not small, and I hope we may...

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From Robert E. Lee . . . October 2

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pp. 420-426

...I received last night your letter of the 28th. ult., and am much obliged to you for the attention given to my requests. I have stated so frequently my opinion of the necessity of improving the discipline of our armies...

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To Humphrey Marshall . . . October [6]

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pp. 426-432

...Your letters of September 9th & 12th have been received, with the enclosures. It is with regret that I perceive you have misapprehended my conversation and correspondence with...

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From Joseph E. Davis . . . October 7–8

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pp. 432-440

...This gives me a safe oppertunity of writing to you & of hearing from you & family. A feeling of gloom seems to prevail here from the news of our late disasters at Corinth the full extent of which are still unknown...

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From Lucius J. Dupré . . . October 11

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pp. 440-447

...I feel it my duty as a representative of the state of Louisiana to address you in relation to matters of the deepest interest to her — Major General Pemberton having been assigned to the command of the State of Mississippi and of that portion of my state East of...

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To Braxton Bragg . . . October 17

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pp. 448-454

...I have followed your progress with pride and anxiety. The brilliant achievements of your army claim the thanks of the country and as the Chief Magistrate of the Confederacy it gives me pleasure to acknowledge...

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To Theophilus H. Holmes . . . October 21

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pp. 454-459

...progress in collecting and organizing troops. Arms have been sent and will I hope soon reach you in sufficient quantity to equip both the troops you have and those you may receive from Missouri...

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To Benjamin H. Hill . . . October 23

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pp. 460-468

...The state of affairs in East Tennessee presents a very difficult question and one which can be decided only by the consideration of many points. With every disposition to conciliate the people of that region, still the pressure upon us by the enemy is such as compels...

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To E. Kirby Smith . . . October 29

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pp. 468-473

...handed me your letter & I have considered it with the respect which any thing you offer always receives. The results in Ky. have been to me a bitter disappointment...

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From George W. Randolph . . . October 30

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pp. 473-476

...contract for bacon and salt, and the Quarter Master General for blankets and shoes, payable in cotton, and that the Genl. Commanding on the Mississippi be instructed to permit the cotton delivered under these contracts to pass our lines...

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To Zebulon B. Vance . . . November 1

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pp. 476-490

...I have the honor to acknowledge yours of the 25th ult. and regret the disappointment to which some of the recruits of North Carolina have been subjected. I concur with you...

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To George W. Randolph . . . November 14

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pp. 490-491

...Confusion and embarassment will inevitably result unless all orders, and directions in relation to movements and stations of troops and officers, be sent through the established channel, the bureau of orders...

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To George W. Randolph . . . November 14

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pp. 491-493

...removal of an army, the transfer of a Genl. from the Dept. he had been selected to command, the assignment of general officers, and the higher officers of the supplying & disbursing Departments of the staff are...

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From Mary Jane B. Lipscomb . . . November 15

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pp. 493-499

...I am compelled by necessity to call your attention to the following state of facts, and the peculiar situation in which events have thrown me, must be my apology for this intrusion upon your time...

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From Peter W. Gray . . . November 20

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pp. 499-508

...On my arrival at home I found a state of affairs worse than I had anticipated, though Texas has not suffered from the ravages of War as some of her Sister States have.—Public confidence in you...

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From Braxton Bragg . . . November 24

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pp. 509-517

...transportation to the field of action- The process has been slow for several reasons, but especially from the condition of the Rail Roads- The Geo. & E. Tenn. Road is greatly deficient in rolling stock...

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From Joseph E. Davis . . . November 27

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pp. 517-529

...amounting pressure, and that relief in some form may come either by our own energy or otherwise even peace will have its troubles not much less than war. The Genls. allotted to us have been a miserable lot...

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To Joseph E. Johnston . . . [December 8?]

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pp. 529-530

...pillage of plantations, including his own, along Miss. River in Ark.; Union generals Hovey and Washburn did nothing to check the "wanton excesses" of their troops; wants defensive works at landings to repel U.S. gunboats...

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From Robert E. Lee . . . December 8

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pp. 530-533

...He reports vast preparations for our suppression, and the expression of great confidence on the part of the north. Reinforcements are still coming to General Burnside's army...

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To Robert E. Lee . . . December 8

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pp. 533-537

...I have the pleasure to acknowledge your letters of the 6th & 8th. and have reflected upon the suggestions and information they contain. Entirely concurring in your views as to the propriety of concentrating all disposable force for the impending struggle...

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From Earl Van Dorn . . . December 8

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pp. 537-539

...am enabled to send you the action of the Court of Inquiry in my case - I also send you my written defense, which I hope you will do me the kindness to read, as it covers nearly the whole ground of the accusations - You will see that every charge has been...

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From James Phelan . . . December 9

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pp. 539-548

...I doubt not you have ascertained from more authentic sources, the unhappy condition of affairs in this State. The army, if I am correctly informed, is in a most deplorable state, as to its morale and organization. Bad enough before, its retreat from...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . December 15

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pp. 548-550

...We had a pleasant trip, & without an incident to relate reached this place on the llth, went to Murfreesboro on the 12th, staid there the 13th returned to this place yesterday and leave...

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To James A. Seddon . . . December 15

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pp. 551-552

...Nashville, and indicates only defensive purposes. Cavalry expeditions are projected to break up rail road communications between Louisville and Nashville, and between Memphis...

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From Varina Howell Davis . . . December 18

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pp. 552-556

...received to day- It gave me assurance that you were progressing far better than I had hoped you would in the unsettled state of the country. Since you left us we have been granted...

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From Varina Howell Davis . . . December 21

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pp. 557-558

...Please beleive your letter made me very happy to day, as I scarcely could have hoped you could find time at Chattanooga, to write so much. The children were delighted to hear from you, and even little Joey talked...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . December 22

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pp. 559-560

...I have not seen Port Hudson — but a map of the ground gives me the opinion that it requires a garrison as strong as that necessary here - It now amounts to about 5500 of all arms — so that an addition of four...

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To Theophilus H. Holmes . . . December [22]

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pp. 560-565

...Johnston, Davis "was occupied there two days in examining the extensive but very slight intrenchments of the place." Davis reviewed the troops near Vicksburg on the evening of the 21st, returned to Jackson, and on the 23d, accompanied by Johnston, traveled...

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Speech at Jackson . . . December 26

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pp. 565-584

...but that he would do in Mississippi what he would not anywhere else." After offering to meet with the legislators publicly or privately, he agreed to deliver a public address. Beginning at noon on the 26th, he spoke for ninety minutes to an overflow crowd in the house chamber...

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From Theophilus H. Holmes . . . December 29

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pp. 584-587

...Your favor was reed, last night, just after my return from Fort Smith where I supposed I had left matters quiet and the enemy content—after the punishment they reed, at Prarie Grove...

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Speech at Mobile . . . December 30

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pp. 587-590

...weekend. Along with Stephen D. Lee and "other military men of renown," they dined at Benson Blake's plantation on the Yazoo, "within sight of" the Union gunboats. Davis departed on Sunday...

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From L. Q. C. Lamar . . . December 31

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pp. 590-596

...that as she would be cruising she might not for months land us where we could get a vessel bound for a European port. I then started for Matamoras with Mr. Fearn & reached this place two days ago...

Addenda, 1840–61

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pp. 597-600

Sources

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pp. 601-640

Index

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pp. 641-694

Images

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pp. 695-700