Cover

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Title Page, Copyright Page

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Introduction

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pp. v-viii

...brought him to that pinnacle. Years at the United States Military Academy, in the Black Hawk War, in various posts and stations of a tiny national army, and in the Mexican War shaped a martial bent and taught him something...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-xiv

...unflagging in its support of the project, as has the board of editorial advisors. Rice University continues to provide office space, important university services, and a milieu that fosters an endeavor such as ours. Moreover, the university made...

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Editorial Staff

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pp. xv-xviii

...Lynda Lasswell Crist, Editor Mary Seaton Dix, Coeditor Eric H. Walther Fellow of the National Historical Publications and Records Commission Sanford W. Higginbotham, Consultant...

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Editorial Method

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pp. xix-xxiv

...Items composed by Davis are given preference for publication with annotation, particularly those documents that illuminate his opinions, philosophy, and personal relationships. Special consideration is given to letters, speeches, and documents...

Symbols and Abbreviations

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pp. xxv-xxviii

Repository Symbols

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pp. xxix-xxx

Contents

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pp. xxxi-xxxviii

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Chronology, 1861

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pp. xxxix-xliv

...Brackets indicate dates and activities that follow logically from information in primary sources but are not explicitly stated. Occasional recorded references to regular activities such as cabinet meetings, churchgoing, and visits to encampments have been omitted...

The Papers of Jefferson Davis Annotated Documents 1861

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From Joseph E. Davis . . . January 2

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pp. 3-6

...learn of your suffering, from dyspepsia pneuralgia,2 for several days a rumor was in circulation that you had been severly wouned in conflict with A Johnson of Tennessee, Although I disbelieved the report yet felt much anxiety to know if any thing had occured...

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To Edwin De Leon . . . January 8

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pp. 6-10

...We are advancing rapidly to the end of "the Union". The cotton states may now be regarded as having decided for secession. South Carolina is in a quasi war and the probabilities are that events will hasten her and her associates into...

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To Isaac W. Hayne . . . January 15

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pp. 10-14

...We know that the possession of Fort Sumter by troops of the U.S. coupled with the circumstances under which it was taken, is the chief if not only source of difficulty between the Government of SoCa and that of the U.S. We would...

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To George Lunt . . . January 17

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pp. 14-15

...We never can forget your gallant aid nor fail should it ever be in our power to give substantail evidence of gratitude. The Election was not the Cause it was but the last feather which you know breaks the Camel's back Sectional hostility manifested...

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To Clement C. Clay . . . January 19

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pp. 16-17

...By telegraph I am informed that the copy of the ordinance of secession by Missi. was sent by mail today, one to each of two branches of representation, and that my immediate presence at Jackson...

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To Franklin Pierce . . . January 20

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pp. 17-18

...troublous times through which we have been passing and now I come to the hard task of announcing to you that the hour is at hand which closes my connection with the United States, for the independence and Union of which...

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Farewell Address . . . January 21

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pp. 18-23

...for the purpose of announcing to the Senate that I have satisfactory evidence that the State of Mississippi, by a solemn ordinance of her people in convention assembled, has declared...

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From Francis W. Pickens . . . January 23

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pp. 23-27

...It is a very strong fortress & in the most commanding position. I found every thing in utter confusion when I came into office,3 and in reality no military supplies. Every...

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To Alexander M. Clayton . . . January 30

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pp. 27-29

...endeavored to form a satisfactory reply. The current of events rolls on with such rapidity that the conclusion of today may be inapplicable to the case of to-morrow...

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Library of Congress Loan Record . . . [January]

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pp. 30-34

...endeavored to form a satisfactory reply. The current of events rolls on with such rapidity that the conclusion of today may be inapplicable to the case of to-morrow...

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To John F. Callan . . . February 7

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pp. 34-36

...to be sent by the Express company, the directions were left at the Office and our servant was told to take the Dog and bird down the day after we left. They were to be sent to the care of Wm. Porterfield Vicksburg...

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From Robert Toombs et al. . . . February 9

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pp. 36-38

...We are directed to inform You that You were this day unanimously elected President of the provisional Government of the Confederate States of America, and to request you to Come to Montgomery...

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From James M. Mason . . . February 12

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pp. 39-40

...you have attained, as the first President of the "federation of the states of north America"— All here agree that it was well done— I fear Virginia is still hanging back, on the delusive idea, that she...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . February 14

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pp. 40-43

...I miss you and the children even more than usual, and when the military came out on the route, including a company of boys here I wished the children could have seen...

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Speech at Atlanta . . . February 16

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pp. 43-45

...in response to the calls from the crowds assembled at such points." Bonfires and cannons greeted him along the way, one of his escort recalling that he slept in his clothes and insisted...

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Inaugural Address . . . February 18

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pp. 45-51

...open carriage handsomely lined in saffron and white, mounted with silver, and drawn by six iron-grey horses. Thousands of spectators filled the streets; many more watched from windows, porches, and rooftops...

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From Louis T. Wigfall . . . February 18

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pp. 51-53

...Your speech was telegraphed & gives general satisfaction. It has the ring of the true metal. It is necessary that it should at once be known, not believed that there is to be no reconstruction. The true men in the border states wish the issue...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . February 20

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pp. 53-55

...I have been so crowded and pressed that the first wish to write to you has been thus long deferred I was inaugurated on Monday having reached here on Saturday night. The audience was large and...

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To Francis W. Pickens . . . February 20

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pp. 55-57

...bestow upon necessary caution, but if success follows and the blood of the brave be thus saved, I will be more than content to have the censure which in the meantime may be encountered. My mind has been for sometime satisfied that a peaceful solution...

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To Francis W. Pickens . . . February 22

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pp. 57-60

...will probably be here very soon. Today as informed by one of your delegation the powder to be sent hence has been forwarded to you. I fear it is not of sufficiently coarse grain for your heaviest Guns. The want of exact information...

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From Louis T. Wigfall . . . February 25

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pp. 60-64

...when they go out. The only difficulty is in convincing them that the States to which they owe allegiance will go out. Mr Mason called to see Col. Cooper this morning but he had not come in. He will see him soon & I will report the result...

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To Anna Ella Carroll . . . March 1

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pp. 64-69

...my departure a painful illness confined me to my room, it was necessary to rise from a bed of suffering with an aching head when I started to take leave of the Senate, The effort renewed...

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From Francis W. Pickens . . . March 17

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pp. 70-74

...appointed to the Army of the Confederat Stats, because they think they ought to wait for the convention to meet next week,10 and desire to be presented by that body, and to recieve no advantages by the* earlier presentation of their names...

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From John Forsyth . . . March 20

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pp. 74-79

...prosperous and the Mexican Liberals weak and in extremity the overtures of the latter for a closer commercial and political union were coldshouldered, and now when those same supercilious gentlemen who would not listen...

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To John F. Callan . . . March 21

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pp. 79-85

...present time, and this together with the belief that you might make a sacrifice to your personal regard for me induced me to leave the matter to Genl. Walker and yourself entirely. It was under the hope that your material interest...

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To Braxton Bragg . . . April 3

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pp. 85-87

...In the latter view they may seek to throw both men and supplies into Pickens by landing on Santa Rosa beyond the range of your guns. It is scarcely to be doubted that for political...

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From John A. Campbell . . . April 3

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pp. 88-92

...orders will have issued for the purpose - & no change is contemplated at present in respect to Pickens"— This was communicated to the Commissioners in a somewhat modified form On the 21 & 22d I had interviews consquent upon the...

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To John A. Campbell . . . April 6

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pp. 92-94

...We have waited hopefully for the withdrawal of garrisons which irritate the people of these states and threaten the respective localities, and which can serve no purpose to the United States unless it be to injure us. So far from...

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From Braxton Bragg . . . April 7

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pp. 94-98

...Assuming the intention to reenforce Fort Pickens I have made several important dispatches by telegraph and mail in the past two days. From the map which Mr. M. will take back you will see at a glance the position of affairs. With...

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From Francis W. Pickens . . . April 9

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pp. 99-104

...Since I enclosed the dispatch to the Secretary of War, Major Anderson has written a polite note to Genl. Beauregard, requesting the letters taken from the mail might be returned, as he had been notified that his mails would be stopped entirely...

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From Francis W. Pickens . . . April 16

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pp. 104-110

...he required to be entirely confidential, except that I might communicate it to you. He said he was authorized to inform me that Mr. Dallas, the Minister of the United Sttes at the court of St. James had applied...

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From A. Dudley Mann . . . April 20

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pp. 110-113

...I learn that he is opposed to our recognition until Mississippi and Florida acknowledge their debts...

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From James M. Mason . . . April 21

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pp. 113-117

...of the ordinance to the People, a question of form only — it was done only in naked compliance with the law calling the convention, & secession will be ratified almost nem...

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From John A. Campbell . . . April 23

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pp. 117-121

...Maryland is the object of chief anxiety with the north & the administration Their fondest hope will be to command the Chesapeake & retain this capital Their pride and their fanaticism would be sadly depressed by a contrary issue - This will be the great...

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From John Slidell . . . April 24

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pp. 122-123

...soon dictate our own conditions of peace - Would it not be well to let it be known at once that the troops you have called for are destined to Washington, with this prospect you can have any number of...

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From [John W. Ellis] . . . April 25

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pp. 123-128

...I have the honor to communicate to you the present most important condition of affairs in North Carolina. The seizure of the Forts on our Coasts puts us in possession...

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From William Preston Johnston . . . April 26

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pp. 128-130

...Ruggles by way of Montgomery, on his mission. I have requested, Mr Ruggles, to go from Montgomery to New Orleans, thence to Havana, where he will leave a letter, if you think the Consul there reliable, thence to Aspinwall...

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From John Bankhead Magruder . . . April 26

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pp. 130-134

...as appointments are concerned, for a short time - mean while, I am rendering myself as useful as I can, here by examining into, & inspecting the artillery & ammunition...

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From Charles J. Mitchell . . . April 27

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pp. 134-136

...here have not much more than a man to a plantation; there appears to be some foundation - I heard yesterday that Col Lay has expressed the opinion that...

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From John A. Campbell . . . April 28

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pp. 136-145

...the invasion of Maryland & Virginia that he should not consider the defence of Fortress Monroe an invasion of those states nor an attack, upon troops threatening Washington from the heights...

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From Henry C. Wayne . . . May 3

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pp. 145-148

...any difficulty in clothing comfortably the men. To be sure not up to the standard of material used in the old service, but still in good substantial stuff, woolen, cotton and woollen and cotton mixed. Our woollen factories in this state...

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From James M. Mason . . . May 6

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pp. 148-153

...of our state, I went into Maryland some two weeks since, to ascertain as far as practicable through her prominent men, the condition of public...

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Interview with William H. Russell . . . May [7]

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pp. 153-157

...the door, bowed them and Mr. Wigfall out, and turning to me, said, "Mr. Russell, I am glad to welcome you here, though I fear your appearance is a symptom...

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From Thomas O. Moore . . . May 9

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pp. 157-159

...however, to distribute the arms to the use of the confederate States as you might require, reserving my own right to take whatever I wanted for the use of the State. In accordance with this authority given by me...

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From Albert T. Bledsoe . . . May 10

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pp. 159-164

...I enclose slips from two Richmond papers, though I doubt the prudence of one of them, because they express the prevailing sentiment of Virginia. Your presence is desired in Richmond, nay, it is longed for...

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From William M. Brooks . . . May 13

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pp. 164-170

...The political controverses as heretofore conducted have had the effect of exciteing in the minds of some of the nonslaveholders improper and unfounded jealousies and to impress them with the...

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From Braxton Bragg . . . May 18

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pp. 170-173

...It seems an attempt is being made to incorporate into the regular army the battalion of Zouaves now under my command. When you were with me' I did not know the thing had assumed...

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To Leonidas Polk . . . May 22

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pp. 174-175

...at this season of the year. The people of the northwestern States have so great a dread of our climate that they could not be prevailed on to march against us. Even if they did, due precautions...

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To Braxton Bragg . . . May 23

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pp. 175-183

...It was not my purpose to put you merely on the defensive and the telegram of the Secretary of War was authorized on the supposition that more troops were being accumulated at Pensacola than you had called for. My view was that you should...

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Speech at Richmond . . . June 1

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pp. 183-186

...reception at a Greensboro hotel, at which beautiful girls decked the president with garlands of flowers while others fanned him. Early on May 29 the governor of Virginia and the mayor of Richmond...

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From P. G. T. Beauregard . . . June 3

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pp. 186-188

...former is an open country traversed by good roads in every direction, without any strong natural features for the purposes of defence, & without running water nearer than 3 miles - except a few small springs...

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From Thomas C. Reynolds . . . June 3

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pp. 188-193

...The secret of the proceedings taken in the accompanying official letters is this. The people of Missouri being thoroughly aroused by the St. Louis massacre & Harney's proclamations, our leading...

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From Joseph E. Brown . . . June [7]

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pp. 193-197

...some of the Companis will attempt to cary them which will make it my duty to order them to be arrested I am doing all I can to put every gun at my command into the service and am...

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From P. G. T. Beauregard . . . June 12

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pp. 197-198

...have to do likewise; but then by rapid movements from that centre, with the reserve that shall have been concentrated there, and acting on interior lines, we would crush seccessively and in detail the several...

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To P. G. T. Beauregard . . . June 13

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pp. 199-202

...It would seem to me not unreasonable to expect that before he reached Winchester, the terminus of the Rail Road in his possession, the people of the fertile & populous valley would rise in mass to aid him in repelling...

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To Joseph E. Davis . . . June 18

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pp. 203-208

...preparing for the defence of the long and indefensible border of this state. When it is possible to leave here I wish to be on the lines and then if you were here I should feel much relieved as to the condition...

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To Joseph E. Johnston . . . June 22

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pp. 208-212

...If the enemy has withdrawn from your front to attack on the East side of the mountain it may be that an attempt will be made to advance from Leesburg to seize the Manassas...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . June 26

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pp. 212-214

...I have placed a company of Cavalry mid-way between Winchester & Leesburg, to give me quick intelligence of the enemy's movements on that side.- & to communicate readily with Genl. Beauregard...

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From Joseph E. Brown . . . June 27

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pp. 214-221

...I am greatly obliged by the assurances recieved from you that my course in reference to the arms belonging to the state of Georgia meets your approval...

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To Abraham Lincoln . . . July 6

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pp. 221-225

...the Confederate States of America had been captured by one of the vessels forming the blockading squadron off Charleston Harbor, I directed a proposition to be made to the officer commanding that squadron for an exchange of...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . July 8

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pp. 225-227

...certain that Genl. Patterson would follow Jackson' retrograde movement. He did not, however,- &, in the hope that he might think us worth attacking, we waited until yesterday - but in vain. Martinsburg had been represented...

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To John Letcher . . . July 9

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pp. 227-229

...Ferry" and "ratifies and confirms the act of the Governor of the Commonwealth authorizing the use during the war of the President of the Confederate States" "for the common defence, of all the...

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From Braxton Bragg . . . July 9

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pp. 229-231

...erected east and west of the Fort. One of five guns on the point immediately opposite McRee, and several opposite the Navy Yard with mortars & heavy guns. Supplies of all kinds in large quantities...

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To Joseph E. Johnston . . . July 10

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pp. 231-234

...not allow me to send such as we have except at a rate which makes me heart sick. I am still endeavoring to induce an increase of transportation and hope if not too late to be able in a few days materially to increase your force. Every body disappoints me...

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From P. G. T. Beauregard . . . July 11

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pp. 234-238

...in the exigency on the naturally strong positions, enumerated therein, afforded by Bull Run, in the hope of conducting the movement so as to induce the enemy to offer me battle in front of Mitchell's Ford,6 where his numerical superiority would be...

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To Joseph E. Johnston . . . July 13

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pp. 238-242

...the fiction of the 15000 men. The same story with variations has been circulated here and you will not be surprised if weary & heart sick from fruitless exertions to obtain the troops nescessary to reinforce our different columns...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . July 15

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pp. 242-245

...enemy had advanced towards us four miles from Martinsburg. He has since reported him at Bunker Hill at 11 — twelve miles from Winchester, I enclose his last report...

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To Isham G. Harris . . . July 17

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pp. 245-249

...addressed me, and fully recognise the zealous and patriotic spirit which prompted your communication. I deeply regret that the action of this Government, in...

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From P. G. T. Beauregard . . . July 17

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pp. 249-251

...From Stephen Blocker (DNA, M-437, r5, f857-58): Blakely, Ga., farmer believes that with additional arms and gunpowder, many more men would volunteer "and we have thousands...

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From P. G. T. Beauregard . . . July 18

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pp. 251-253

...The enemy advanced in Great force by at least three approaches and encamped last night in hearing of Bonhams Brigade at Centreville ready to envelope it this morning...

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To Joseph E. Johnston . . . July 20

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pp. 254-255

...possibility of a misunderstanding, Johnston sent a telegram to Davis asking him "to state what my rank in the army was, to prevent the possibility of a doubt of the relative rank of General Beauregard and...

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From Pierre A. Rost . . . July 20

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pp. 255-257

...Confederate States next fall, and when obtained how to pay for it. Without cotton many millions of their population are doomed to misery and starvation and if it can be had the importation of...

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To Samuel Cooper . . . July 21

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pp. 258-261

...had played a key role in the victory. A book written soon after the battle stated that on his arrival at Manassas Davis encountered Barnard E. Bee's brigade and was about to lead it in the place of its fallen general when word came that the enemy was retreating. Davis...

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Speech at Richmond . . . July 23

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pp. 261-263

...which we all experience, as compared with the anxieties of three days ago. Your little army, derided for its want of numbers,—derided for its want of arms,—derided for its lack of all the essential material of war,—has met the...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . July 24

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pp. 264-266

...means of observing the enemy's movements. We want a thousand cavalry, at leat, in addition to the present force - should you agree with me in this, & obtain the cavalry, which is...

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From Douglas H. Cooper . . . July 25

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pp. 267-272

...to break me down & especially to get control of the Choctaw & Chickasaw Agency. Pike himself has not entered into this scheme heretofore, but his hint shows that an excuse is only wanted to do...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . August 3

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pp. 272-282

...I have just had the pleasure to receive your letter of the 1st instant. Our men require less instruction in shooting than in any other military exercise - It is one of our great advantages over the northern...

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To T. A. R. Nelson . . . August 13

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pp. 282-287

...I have received your letter of 12th inst. in which you ask to be discharged from arrest and prosecution, and make promise that you will "as a citizen of Tennessee submit to her late action and religiously abstain...

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To William Porcher Miles . . . August 19

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pp. 287-289

...surgeon to each Regt. assums that the previous law had given a Surgeon and asst. Surgeon as part of the Regtl. organization and enacts that "there be one additional Asst Surg. appointed and commissioned...

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From Thomas C. Reynolds . . . August 19

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pp. 289-296

...Jackson came here with Gen. Atchison, and remained two days. They cordially assented to all my views; I drafted a proclamation and also a provisional declaration of independence, both of which I had the good fortune to...

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From Lucius B. Northrop . . . August 21

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pp. 296-302

...General Johnston in his letter to you of the 17th inst states, that, "while in the valley depending on a Commissary quite new to the service, he had an abundance of those portions of the rations <-an-> which are not imported...

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From Braxton Bragg . . . August 23

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pp. 302-304

...your time, so much engaged in supervising our vast and glorious operations elsewhere - My reports to the Adjt. General have kept you advised of what was going on, and given my suggestions for the...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . August 23

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pp. 304-310

...I have had the honor to receive your note of the 20th instant in relation to complaints made to you of "improper food for the well & a want of care for the sick," in this army...

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From Henry A. Wise . . . August 28

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pp. 311-314

...providing for his Brigade. Not a company did he send to reinforce me in holding or attempting rather to regain a valley already lost; but he hastened to join me...

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From David D. Sanderson . . . September 1

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pp. 314-315

...You have already noticed in your late Message to Congress, the liberal response of the Southern people to the request of their Govt. to subscribe a portion of their Crops and other substance to its...

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From Robert Toombs . . . September 1

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pp. 316-317

...compel them to fight us on our own selected battle field between Balto & Washington. It seems to me we could hold that line as safely as the one we now hold from this to Leesburg, It is evident that...

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To Leonidas Polk . . . September 2

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pp. 318-320

...Get all the troops you can raise with their hunting-rifles; they will make your best skirmishers if properly organized and commanded. If General Pillow be necessary with the batteries for river defense, you have, in General Cheatham, a brave and zealous...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . September 3

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pp. 320-323

...I have lately written to the Adjutant General in relation to several matters so important in my estimation, that I take the liberty of putting them directly before you...

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From Gustavus W. Smith . . . September 3

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pp. 323-325

...I write to inform you that I arrived at this place last night from Lexington Ky. by private conveyance. I have resigned my appointment as Street Commissioner of the City of New York to take...

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From Isham G. Harris . . . September 4

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pp. 325-326

...I regard the movements as unfortunate calculated to injure our cause in the state unless absolutely necessary there would it not be well to order their immediate withdrawal...

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To Leonidas Polk . . . September 5

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pp. 327-327

...From Thomas O. Moore et al. (ibid.): La. governor, David E. Twiggs, George N. Hollins, and Francis H. Hatch enclose note [not found] with information about plan of Republican party to saddle government with large war debt in...

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From Leonidas Polk . . . September 6

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pp. 328-329

...on paducah originated and in course of execution prior to my movement on columbus It is indespensible that this should not be a success The people of Western Kentucky in arms to resist the enemy & invite assistance in organizeing...

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From Jacob Thompson . . . September 6

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pp. 329-330

...direction says, give us Johnson. The Soldiers cry out for God's sake give us Johnson. All the Generals will most cheerfully accept Johnson. Public necessity imperiously demands a general whose jurisdiction shall be commensurate with...

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From Thomas O. Moore . . . September 7

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pp. 331-334

...our population, much of what is termed the pine woods country can not be aroused to their duty & I fear never can. Just reed a letter from M Benjamin urging me to furnish some Kentucky regiments with arms, it is impossible to do so...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . September 10

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pp. 334-337

...It was said that during the past summer I have been censured by the two persons in Richmond highest in military rank, for not having assumed command of this army, and that they complain of the...

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From P. G. T. Beauregard . . . September 13

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pp. 337-339

...no doubt contains a great deal of truth mixed up with some exaggeration. There is however little doubt but that the Enemy is making Herculean efforts to increase his forces in Infantry...

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To Joseph E. Johnston . . . September 14

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pp. 340-352

...I have just received and read your letter of the 12th. inst. Its language is, as you say, unusual; its arguments and statements utterly one-sided; and its insinuations as unfounded as they...

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To Varina Howell Davis . . . October 2

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pp. 352-358

...I am quite well though yesterday I rode many miles visiting the encampments. To day if the weather permits I shall resume my labors and to-morrow hope to return...

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To P. G. T. Beauregard . . . October 16

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pp. 358-361

...matters contained in these papers. A man has been sent up to confer with Genl. Johnston and yourself in relation to the preparation of winter quarters & the employment of negroes in the construction...

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From Mansfield Lovell . . . October 18

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pp. 362-365

...I arrived yesterday and assumed command at once. I find great confusion, irresolution and want of system in everything administrative. Such executive work as has been confided to Major Smith...

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To Judah P. Benjamin . . . [October 21]

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pp. 365-366

...Regiment for local defence. To avoid election of field officers let cos. be called for to be organized when mustered in; take say ten of them & form a Regt. Remove the Regt. now there...

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From P. G. T. Beauregard . . . October 21

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pp. 366-368

...What possible public interest is to be served by these communications, at this time, I am utterly at a loss to perceive. At such a crisis however, with the enemy's guns sounding in my ears as I write, his masses gathering in their might of numbers...

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From P. G. T. Beauregard . . . October 22

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pp. 368-370

...bridge; a position which I feel confident, he will not dare attack - but which unfortunately he may be able to turn, like all other positions in this neighborhood. If however the odds were only two to one against us, I am certain he will meet with...

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From Braxton Bragg . . . October 22

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pp. 370-373

...of need, but soon found he could not reciprocate — He is doing all that can be done to remedy the great deficiencies in his command, but he has a hurculean task...

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From Edwin De Leon . . . October [24]

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pp. 374-378

...pressure on the Cotton Men is great and increasing — and we have convinced them that not a bale of Cotton will be sent forward until we are recognised. 40.000 French operatives are now idle in Lyons...

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From Jacob U. Payne . . . October 24

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pp. 379-383

...We all know you cannot help many occur ranees of this kind, and the surprise is that there is not more blunders than we have — my only reason for writing you of it is the hope that by being...

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On P. G. T. Beauregard's Manassas Report . . . [October 30]

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pp. 383-388

...29th, after a synopsis of its contents appeared in the newspapers. At Davis' request the report was brought to his office on October 30. That same day Davis wrote Beauregard objecting to sections that seemed out of place. When Beauregard declined to...

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From James Chesnut . . . November 2

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pp. 388-393

...July last, about mid night, I received a message from General Beauregard requesting my attendance at his room. I immediately repaired thither, and learned from him that he had formed...

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To Joseph E. Johnston . . . November 3

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pp. 393-394

...Reports have been and are being widely circulated to the effect that I prevented Gen'l Beauregard from pursuing the enemy after the battle of Manassas and had subsequently restrained him from...

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From A. Dudley Mann . . . November 4–6

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pp. 395-397

...can but occupy Washington our cause will be definitively and triumphantly won. What a thrill of joy it will afford me to be informed that you are in the possession of the old "White House!" Its realization...

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From Leonidas Polk . . . November 6

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pp. 398-399

...This has now been substantially accomplished, and I feel that as the necessity which induced me to take office no longer exists, and as the other General Officers with...

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From P. G. T. Beauregard . . . November 7

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pp. 399-402

...Synopsis — I have good reason to believe were written by office holders in the War & State Departments; but I have despised them as utterly impotent, until I see that to some extent they must...

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From Leonidas Polk . . . November 7

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pp. 402-405

...Seven (7) Miles to transport & Gun Boats attacked by sharpshooters Cables cut precipitate embarkation Wilson Battery under Beltsover; immortalized...

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From Samuel Cooper . . . November 9

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pp. 405-407

...My impression in respect to that interview is, that General Beauregard, being fully satisfied that an early attack would be made on his position by the enemy greatly superior in force, and...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . November 10

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pp. 407-408

...To the second question I reply, that it has never been feasible for the Army to advance farther than it has done- To the line of Fairfax C.H. with its advanced posts at Upton's Munson's...

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From Herschel V. Johnson . . . November 11

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pp. 408-412

...The invasion of the Southern coast by the enemy has been commenced, & thus far, successfully. I cannot speake for South Carolina. She may be sufficiently armed to repel the enemy...

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To the Congress of the Confederate States . . . November 18

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pp. 412-422

...rought us so near the close of the year that we are now able to sum up its general results. The retrospect is such as should fill the hearts of our people with gratitude to Providence for His kind interposition in their behalf. Abundant yields have rewarded...

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From Joseph E. Johnston . . . November 22

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pp. 423-425

...If a large force should be landed on the Potomac below general Holmes, I could give him no other aid than Genl. Whiting's command. Should the combined force prove too weak to maintain itself...

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From Robert E. Lee . . . November 24

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pp. 425-427

...I have not seen the report of Gen. Beauregard of the Battle of Manassas and am unable to refer to his introductory statement to which you call my attention...

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From Francis W. Pickens . . . November 24

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pp. 427-433

...to manage a very large body of troops at any one time. If then fix their line of progres through Stono or Edisto then large bodies can be brought to act on James or John's Island...

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To Wiley P. Harris . . . December 3

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pp. 433-440

...one's thoughts; but in our day, it fails to communicate any thought. If it had been otherwise, the complaint in relation to Genl. Price of which you speak could not have been made....

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From Nicholas E. Barnes . . . December 16

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pp. 440-444

...had Reten to him fore the situason open Brierfield again and he told me when he left the Place that he never wist to see the Place again all...

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From William Preston . . . December 28

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pp. 445-449

...Under these circumstances it seems to me that it is a matter of great importance to augment to the utmost this dissatisfaction. The chief obstacle to the redemption...

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From William Lowndes Yancey . . . December 30–31

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pp. 449-454

...marking our notice of its character & rebuking it - but both my colleagues disagreed with me. In Mr Adam's despatch to Mr Seward, in June last, it appears that he protested against...

Addenda, 1847–56

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pp. 455-458

Sources

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pp. 459-492

Index

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pp. 493-542

Images

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pp. 543-548