In this Book

The Politics of Giving in the Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata
summary

During the eighteenth century, a time of almost constant international warfare, European states had to borrow money to finance their military operations. Servicing public debt demanded the collection of more taxes in a newly efficient manner, resulting in the emergence of what scholars call European “tax states.” This book examines a different kind of state finance, based on voluntary donations rather than taxes.

Relying on Spanish and Argentine archival research, the author analyzes the “gifts” (donativos) that residents of the Viceroyalty of Rio de la Plata, or colonial Argentina, gave to the Spanish Crown and the city council of Buenos Aires. She examines the cultural, political, constitutional, and legal practices associated with loans and donativos in comparison with the practices of other Atlantic states, emphasizing the quid pro quo offered by the crown in the form of appointments to office and other favors. Examining donors, donations, and expectations, she argues that the Spanish system achieved at the imperial level what the British empire and the French monarchy failed to accomplish.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. pp. C-C
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. i-iv
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Tables
  2. pp. vii-x
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-12
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  1. Part One: Spanish Loans and Donativos: Atlantic Perspectives
  2. pp. 13-14
  1. 1: States, Representation, and Atlantic Empires in the Eighteenth Century: Donativos and Loans in Their Historical Contexts
  2. pp. 15-31
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  1. 2: Defining Spanish Loans and Donativos
  2. pp. 32-54
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  1. Part Two: Redistribution of Power and Income at the Viceregal Level
  2. pp. 55-59
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  1. 3: The Profitable Business of Transferring Revenue, Salaries, and Supplies: Donativos as a Source of Commissions and Private Capitalization
  2. pp. 60-81
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  1. 4: Givers and Takers in the Politics of Giving: The 1793–1795 Redistribution Patterns
  2. pp. 82-120
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  1. 5: Donativos and Loans Collected During the Naval Wars Against England (1797–1802)
  2. pp. 121-164
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  1. Part Three: Redistribution of Power and Income at the Municipal Level
  2. pp. 165-165
  1. 6: “Dollars of Buenos Aires”
  2. pp. 166-195
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  1. 7: Giving to and Taking from the Cabildo: The Politics of Giving after 1806
  2. pp. 196-222
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  1. Epilogue
  2. pp. 223-232
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  1. Appendix
  2. pp. 233-236
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 237-284
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 285-298
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  1. Back Cover
  2. pp. BC-BC
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