Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. C-C

Title Page, Copyright Page

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. i-vi

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-viii

read more

Foreword

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-xii

Turning the Tide is a timely and much needed addition to the field of educating deaf and hard of hearing children. Personal narratives told by deaf and hard of hearing adults offer us powerful insights into the experiences of childhood, and...

read more

Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xiii-xviii

The work of this book has been a labor of love. Both of us spent our entire K–12 years in general education classrooms in our respective neighborhood public schools, Linda in Pennsylvania and Gina in Connecticut. Throughout our lives and...

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xix-xx

We wish to thank the Gallaudet University Research Institute for three Priority Grants and two Small Grants awarded to us between 2000 and 2012, without which neither Alone in the Mainstream nor Turning the Tide would have come to fruition...

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-10

It has been almost four decades since the original passage of P.L. 94-142, known as the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Two huge differences between then and now concerning the education of deaf and hard of hearing students...

read more

1: Our Research Process

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 11-23

Storytelling is a powerful tool, and it is a particularly Deaf-friendly one. Many Deaf people have made storytelling a fine art and most, regardless of age, enjoy telling a good story—particularly stories about themselves. We feel these life...

read more

2: Friendships and Social Access:Outside Looking In

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 24-44

Think back to your school years. What comes first to mind? Is it the marvelous teacher you had in freshman lit or the thrill of learning trigonometry? We very much doubt it. More likely, your positive memories are about friendships you...

read more

3: The Struggle to Shape an Identity

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 45-66

Identity encompasses many aspects. One of its defining characteristics is that it includes both our past and present experiences, and the meanings we place on those experiences, as well as the future possibilities we see for ourselves. For example...

read more

4: K–12 Interpreters and Other Placement Issues

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 67-90

With the implementation of the Education for all Handicapped Children law (P.L. 94-142) in 1975, a new position was created: that of educational interpreter. Students with disabilities— including deaf and hard of hearing students—...

read more

5: A System in Need of Reform

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 91-119

In the last three chapters, we have shared the comments and perceptions of 134 individuals between the ages of 18 and 34 who participated in focus groups and/or wrote essays for our online survey. Our participants reported numerous detrimental...

read more

6: K–12 Interpreters and Mediated Education: More and Better Is Not Enough

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 120-145

To start our discussion on interpreting in the general education setting, we must begin by asking some basic questions about how deaf children learn. Given the linguistic deprivation deaf and hard of hearing children often experience...

read more

7: Summer and Weekend Programs:If You Build It, They Will Come

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 146-175

In the preceding chapters, we have shared stories, facts, and ideas we have gleaned from focus groups, an online survey, conversations with various professionals (interpreters, interpreter trainers, teachers, consultants, government officials)...

read more

8: Scholars, Parents, Advocates,and Allies: Working for Change

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 176-195

All the members of our focus groups were passionate in their wishes to share their stories so that current and future deaf and hard of hearing children will have significantly better K–12 experiences. More than half of them are pursuing degrees...

read more

9: Turning the Tide:Making Life Better

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 196-210

It is so clear to us what needs to be done. We are not saying it will be easy, but we think it is clear. In this final chapter we offer broad recommendations for systemic change and specific recommendations for changes for families and schools that...

References

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 211-218

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 219-230