Cover

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pp. C-C

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

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Preface

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pp. v-vi

Given today’s educational environment, it is impractical to talk about education without addressing the issues of accountability and measurement of educational goals and objectives. Current legislation in education, such as...

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Chapter 1. English Language Learners in the K–12 Environment in the United States

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pp. 1-21

Today’s K–12 educational environment in the United States is characterized by an ever increasing diversity of its student population. Such diversity encompasses various categories of students. For example, in mainstream classrooms, other than the general student population, there...

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Chapter 2. Assessment: Definition, Types, and General Principles

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pp. 22-48

This chapter will discuss the basic principles of assessment, with examples from the content areas to provide teachers with the knowledge that will enable them to design valid and reliable classroom-based or large-scale tests and...

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Chapter 3. Large-Scale Assessment in the Content Areas and English Language Learners

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pp. 49-90

This chapter will analyze large-scale assessment instruments in the content areas and how they address the needs of ELLs. The focus will be on test modifications and accommodation for ELLs as well as on research-based recommendations for test designers to help them develop...

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Chapter 4. Classroom-Based Assessment in the Content Areas and English Language Learners

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pp. 91-124

This chapter will discuss what classroom teachers can do to create accurate assessment tools for their ELL students. It will examine several critical issues related to language proficiency in the content areas, and it will provide classroom teachers in the content areas with useful tools for designing assessments that subscribe to all the principles of assessment:...

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Chapter 5. Alternative Assessment Approaches in Content Area Classrooms for English Language Learners

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pp. 125-143

This chapter will look at alternative assessment approaches. It will start by comparing the characteristics of alternative and traditional assessments and will continue with the analysis of three of the most popular alternative assessment instruments: performance assessment, curriculum-based...

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Chapter 6. Essential Considerations in Assessing English Language Learners

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pp. 144-147

We have examined both large-scale and classroom-based assessments for measuring content area knowledge for ELLS. We have looked at how effective the test accommodations in large-scale assessments are, and we have offered several solutions for designing better and more effective tests, not only for statewide standardized tests but...

Appendix A. Assessment Activities for Mathematics, Science, and Social Studies, Adapted from the TESOL Proficiency Levels

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pp. 148-162

Appendix B. Academic Vocabulary for Math, Science, and Social Studies

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pp. 163-178

References

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pp. 179-186

Index

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pp. 187-191