Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. 2-3

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Preface

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pp. 5-9

As I finished editing the Legislative update for this edition of the Texas Almanac, it occurred to me that 100 years ago, one of my ancestors was serving as Speaker of the House in the 33rd Texas Legislature. Chester H. Terrell (listed with House Speakers, page 479) was born in Terrell in 1882 and moved with his family to San Antonio in 1895. He came by his political ambitions naturally; his father, J.O. Terrell, represented Kaufman County in the Texas Senate in the 19th and 20th Legislatures and also ran for governor as a Republican in 1910, losing to Oscar B. Colquitt....

Table of Contents

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pp. 10-11

Index of Tables

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pp. 12-13

Index of Maps

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pp. 14-14

State Profile

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pp. 15-17

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Flags of Texas

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pp. 18-24

Texas often is called the Lone Star State because of its state flag with a single star. The state flag was also the flag of the Republic of Texas.
The following information about historic Texas flags, the current flag, and other Texas symbols may be supplemented by information from the Texas State...

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History

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pp. 25-76

Tesas inspired some of the world’s finest artists. Their works, thematically and stylistically varied and accomplished in a wide range of mediums, capture the majesty and wonder of the American West in a vivid and diverse ...

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Environment

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pp. 77-136

Texas occupies about 7 percent of the total water and land area of the United States. Second in size among the states, Texas has a land and water area of 268,596 square miles, as compared with Alaska’s 665,384 square miles, according to the United States ...

Weather

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pp. 137-163

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Calendar

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pp. 164-176

The subsequent calendars were calculated principally from data on the U.S. Naval Observatory’s website (http://www.usno.navy.mil/USNO) and from its publications Astronomical Phenomena for 2014 and Astronomical Phenomena for 2015....

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Recreation

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pp. 177-208

Texas’ diverse system of state parks and historic sites offers contrasting attractions — mountains and canyons, arid deserts and lush forests, spring-fed streams, sandy dunes, saltwater surf and fascinating historic sites....

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Sports

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pp. 209-230

UIL: The University Interscholastic League, which governs literary and athletic competition among schools in Texas, was organized in 1910 as a division of the University of Texas extension service. Initially, it sponsored forensic competition. By 1920, the UIL...

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Counties

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pp. 231-413

These pages describe Texas’ 254 counties and hundreds of towns. Descriptions are based on reports from chambers of commerce, the Texas Cooperative Extension, federal and state agencies, the New Handbook of Texas and other sources. Consult the index for other county information....

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Population

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pp. 414-444

The estimated population of Texas on July 1, 2012, was 26,059,203, according to the U.S. Census, an increase of 913,642 persons from the 2010 census count. Texas is the second largest state after California, which has a 2012 estimated population of 38,041,430....

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Elections

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pp. 445-464

Below are the official results by county in the races for U.S. president and senator. The Democratic Party candidate for president was President Barack Obama. The Republican Party candidate for president was Mitt Romney, former governor of Massachusetts....

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Government

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pp. 465-564

Aprosperous economy made passage of a record $196.9 billion biennial budget relatively easy in the 83rd Legislature but the congenial and workmanlike regular session was overshadowed by a battle royal over abortion in special sessions....

Culture & Arts

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pp. 565-583

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Health & Science

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pp. 584-594

The National Academy of Sciences is a private organization of scientists and engineers dedicated to the furtherance of science and its use for the general welfare. A total of 89 scientists affiliated with Texas institutions have been named members or associates....

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Education

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pp. 595-612

Enrollment in Texas public schools reached a peak of 4,978,120 students in 2011–2012, according to the Texas Education Agency. That is an increase of almost 44,503 students over the last year; enrollment was 4,933,617 in 2010–2011....

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Business

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pp. 613-662

The Texas economy added 253,200 jobs in fiscal 2011 even though the year began and ended with a month of mild job losses. Energy-based industries charged ahead from the nation’s worst recession since the Second World War, while a few industries remain mired in fading growth momentum or experienced job...

Transportation

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pp. 663-680

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Agriculture

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pp. 681-699

The number and nature of farms have changed over time. The number of farms in Texas has decreased from 420,000 in 1940 to 244,700 in 2012, with an average size of 523 acres.\The number of small farms is increasing, but part-time farmers operate them....

Appendix

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pp. 700-756