In this Book

The Ohio State University Press
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summary
Looking at a heretofore overlooked set of archival records of London in the late 17th and early 18th centuries, Hurl-Eamon reassesses the impact of gender on petty crime and its prosecution during the period. This book offers a new approach to the growing body of work on the history of violence in past societies. By focusing upon low-cost prosecutions in minor courts, Hurl-Eamon uncovers thousands of assaults on the streets of early modern London. Previous histories stressing the masculine nature of past violence are questioned here: women perpetrated one-third of all assaults. In looking at more mundane altercations rather than the homicidal attacks studied in previous histories, the book investigates violence as a physical language, with some forms that were subject to gender constraints, but many of which were available to both men and women. Quantitative analyses of various circumstances surrounding the assaults—including initial causes, weapons used, and injuries sustained—outline the patterns of violence as a language. Hurl-Eamon also stresses the importance of focusing on the prosecutorial voice. In bringing the court’s attention to petty attacks, thousands of early modern men and women should be seen as agents rather than victims. This view is especially interesting in the context of domestic violence, where hundreds of wives and servants prosecuted patriarchs for assault, and in the Mohock Scare of 1712, where London’s populace rose up in opposition to aristocratic violence. The discussion is informed by a detailed knowledge of assault laws and the rules governing justices of the peace.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
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  1. Table of Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. List of Illustrations
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Textual Notes
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. xi-xii
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  1. Chapter 1. Introduction
  2. pp. 1-12
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  1. Part One: Prosecutors
  2. pp. 13-14
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  1. Chapter 2. A Litigating Society: Victimhood and the Prosecutors of Assault
  2. pp. 15-31
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  1. Chapter 3. Curbing Masculine Petty Violence: The Victims of Sexual Assault and the Mohock Scare
  2. pp. 32-48
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  1. Chapter 4. Female Assault Victims: Pregnant Women and Battered Wives as Prosecutors
  2. pp. 49-62
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  1. Part Two: Perpetrators
  2. pp. 63-64
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  1. Chapter 5. Forms of Petty Violence: The Nature and Circumstances of Masculine and Feminine Assaults
  2. pp. 65-90
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  1. Chapter 6. Petty Violence Against the State: Assaults on the Government, Military, and Police
  2. pp. 91-106
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  1. Chapter 7. Female Assailants: Women as Rioters and Rescuers
  2. pp. 107-122
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  1. Chapter 8. Conclusion
  2. pp. 123-128
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  1. Appendix A: The Westminster Assault Recognizances
  2. pp. 129-134
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  1. Appendix B: The Bishop of London’s Consistory Court Defamation Depositions and Accounts of Felonious Violence in the OBP
  2. pp. 135-138
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 139-188
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 189-204
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 205-214
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  1. Other Titles in the Series
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780814272855
Print ISBN
9780814209875
MARC Record
OCLC
655206855
Pages
213
Launched on MUSE
2015-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
N
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