Cover

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Contents

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p. vii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-xi

This book has taken many shapes on its way to this, the final version.Though I alone am responsible for this version, I thank the countless eyes that read each successive draft, in part or in whole, and gave me priceless feedback and endless encouragement. It is to them that I owe what intelligibility I have achieved. Without them, I never would have...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-31

Standing on the podium in her Oscar-night gown, with wispy hair and a slight figure, Hilary Swank was hardly recognizable. Seconds before, she had been a young woman with a bit part past and an attractive husband, Chad Lowe, who carried more name recognition than the nominee herself...

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Chapter 1. The Logic of Treatment

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pp. 33-62

The category of “transsexual” is a relatively recent achievement of culture and not a transhistorical phenomenon. Harry Benjamin, long considered the father of modern transsexualism, writes...

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Chapter 2.Border Wars: Lesbian and Transsexual Identity

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pp. 63-92

Early data on transsexualism indicated that it was an overwhelmingly male disease. By a significant margin, there were more biological males who identified as women than biological females who identified as men. From 1940 to 1970, reports ranged from a two-to-one ratio (Randell 1959) to an eight-to-one ratio (Benjamin 1966). The most...

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Chapter 3. Betrayed by Bodies

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pp. 93-113

In these comments, Ed makes a distinction between himself and butch women based on the specific discomfort he experiences with his female body. Like other FTMs in this study, Ed explains that there are real and empirical...

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Chapter 4.Transsexual Trajectories

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pp. 114-142

The process of becoming an FTM does not end with the early childhood identification of a male self. FTMs may feel like boys from the start, but they still need to formulate a specifically transsexual identity...

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Chapter 5.Always Already Men

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pp. 143-173

James and the other FTMs believe they have always been men, despite their female bodies. In contrast, in the eyes of most non-transsexuals, FTMs are born female and grow up as feminine girls who strangely and without explanation...

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Conclusion

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pp. 175-183

This book has been an account of the life stories of a group of FTMs and also a general meditation on identity. At one level, it is an invitation to become acquainted with the unique difficulties and triumphs of transsexual men. They demonstrate extraordinary ingenuity in order to achieve authenticity and recognition. At another level, this book...

Notes

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pp. 185-195

References

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pp. 197-205

Index

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pp. 207-217