In this Book

The Ohio State University Press
summary
Juvenile courts were established in the early twentieth century with the ideal of saving young offenders from “delinquency.” Many kids, however, never made it to juvenile court. Their cases were decided by a different agency—the police. Cops and Kids analyzes how police regulated juvenile behavior in turn-of-the-century America. Focusing on Los Angeles, Chicago, and Detroit, it examines how police saw their mission, how they dealt with public demands, and how they coped daily with kids. Whereas most scholarship in the field of delinquency has focused on progressive-era reformers who created a separate juvenile justice system, David B. Wolcott’s study looks instead at the complicated, sometimes coercive, relationship between police officers and young offenders. Indeed, Wolcott argues, police officers used their authority in a variety of ways to influence boys’ and girls’ behavior. Prior to the creation of juvenile courts, police officers often disciplined kids by warning and releasing them, keeping them out of courts. Establishing separate juvenile courts, however, encouraged the police to cast a wider net, pulling more young offenders into the new system. While some departments embraced “child-friendly” approaches to policing, others clung to rough-and-tumble methods. By the 1920s and 1930s, many police departments developed new strategies that combined progressive initiatives with tougher law enforcement targeted specifically at growing minority populations. Cops and Kids illuminates conflicts between reformers and police over the practice of juvenile justice and sheds new light on the origins of lasting tensions between America’s police and urban communities.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Table of Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. List of Ilustrations
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. ix-x
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  1. Introduction: A Police-Centered Story of Juvenile Justice
  2. pp. 1-8
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  1. Chapter 1. Competing Ideas of Delinquency
  2. pp. 9-27
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  1. Chapter 2. Growing Up and Getting in Trouble in Turn-of-the-Century Detroit
  2. pp. 28-52
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  1. Chapter 3. Juvenile Justice before Juvenile Court: Detroit, 1890-1908
  2. pp. 53-74
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  1. Chapter 4. The Widening Net of Juvenile Justice, 1908-19
  2. pp. 75-100
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  1. Chapter 5. Police in the Service of Chicago's "Court of Last Resort"
  2. pp. 101-125
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  1. Chapter 6. The Rise of Police Crime Prevention, 1919-40
  2. pp. 126-145
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  1. Chapter 7. Shifting Priorities: Targeting Serious Crime and Minority Youth in Interwar Los Angeles
  2. pp. 146-167
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  1. Chapter 8. Saving Young Offenders or Getting Tough on Juvenile Crime?: Police and the Expanding Network of Juvenile Justice
  2. pp. 168-192
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  1. Conclusion
  2. pp. 193-198
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 199-236
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 237-256
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 257-264
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  1. Other Titles in the Series
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