Aspects of Bulgarian Syntax
Complementizers and WH Constructions
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Slavica Publishers
Title Page, Copyright
Table of Contents
This book, first published in 1986, was a revised version of my Indiana University dissertation (Rudin 1982), updated to use terminology of the then-current Government and Binding theory, but with little significant change in its content. The research for the book was thus carried out more than three decades ago. During those decades, not only GB, but various other theoretical fashions have come and, to varying...
Note on Transliteration of Names
Chapter 1: Introduction
The study of complementation and complementizers has been an area of great interest for syntactic theory in recent years. In this book I present a description and analysis of complementation in Bulgarian with particular emphasis on questions and relative clauses (the so-called WH constructions) and their interaction with the set of clause-introducing words known as complementizers. WH constructions and clauses containing...
Chapter 2: Word Order and Basic Sentence Structure
Before undertaking the analysis of WH Movement and other COMP-related phenomena, which is the main object of this work, it will be useful to give a brief description of the basic facts of Bulgarian sentence structure and word order, so as to have a framework into which to fit the later discussion. This is particularly true since there is very little available in the way of useful description of Bulgarian syntax, especially...
Chapter 3: COMP and Complementizers
In this chapter I introduce the notions complementizer and COMP, along with the complementizers of Modern Standard Bulgarian, and develop an analysis of the structure of COMP in Bulgarian. This analysis will be further elaborated and refined in chapters 4, 5, and 6, which deal with WH Movement and its interaction with the...
Chapter 4: WH Movement: Questions
In recent years a great deal of attention within generative grammar has been focused on “WH Movement” constructions, a category which includes constituent questions, relative clauses, and according to some analyses (Chomsky 1977 is the earliest) also comparatives, clefts, topicalization structures, and perhaps object deletion, tough movement, and other structures as well. Considerable controversy has been generated...
Chapter 5: Relative Clauses
In Bulgarian, as in many1 languages, relative clauses are closely related to WH questions. Bulgarian has two kinds of headed relative clauses (that is, relative clauses which modify a lexical Noun Phrase, in the structure [NP [NP (=head)] [S′ (=relative clause)]]), of which I will argue that one is derived by the same WH Movement as questions, while the other involves no movement of any kind. There also exist “free”...
Chapter 6: Free Relatives
In addition to headed relatives, Bulgarian, like many languages, has a type of clause very similar to ordinary relative clauses of the type discussed in chapter 5, except that they have no overt head NP. Such constructions, known as “free” or “headless” relative clauses, have been quite controversial in recent syntactic theory; various linguists have defended analyses of them as having an empty or phonologically null NP as...
Chapter 7: Conclusion: Bulgarian and Syntactic Theory
In the preceding chapters I have described and proposed an analysis of several related constructions in Modern Bulgarian, all involving a WH element: questions, headed relative clauses, and free relatives clauses. All of these, as well as other WH constructions which I have not described in detail, such as comparative and exclamative clauses,1 have a great deal in common syntactically; in fact, I have claimed that they...
Sources of Example Sentences
Publication Year: 2013
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