The Vienna School of Art History
Empire and the Politics of Scholarship, 1847–1918
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Penn State University Press
Title Page, Copyright Page
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
This book is a study of the practice of art history in Vienna and Austria- Hungary between 1847, when Rudolf von Eitelberger was appointed the first dozent (junior lecturer) in the subject, and 1918, the year the Habsburg Empire collapsed. It traces the emergence of art history, the establishment...
Chapter 1: Founding a Discipline: Liberalism and the Idea of Scientific Method
The establishment of the Vienna School of art history followed the confluence of a number of social, cultural, and political factors. The most important of these were the emergence of civil society in early nineteenth-century Vienna and the rise of liberalism as a political and social ideology. These were the necessary ...
Chapter 2: Questions of Method: From Positivism to the History of Spirit
In September 1873 the Museum for Art and Industry in Vienna hosted the first international congress of art history. Organized by Eitelberger, Lützow, and Thausing, it took place under the auspices of the Vienna World’s Fair, which lasted from...
Chapter 3: Beyond Vienna: The Growth of Art History Across the Habsburg Monarchy
The final quarter century of the nineteenth century witnessed a considerable diversification of art-historical practices and institutions in Austria- Hungary. The universities and museums of Vienna had been the intellectual center of the monarchy until the...
Chapter 4: An Art History of Austria-Hungary? Patriotism and the Construction of National Historiography
The Austrian authorities fostered the study of art history in Vienna in the mid–nineteenth century in the context of the wider educational reforms of the state. As with the Institute for Austrian Historical Research, it was hoped that this would ensure that the energies of the intelligentsia would be ...
Chapter 5: Baroque Art and Architecture: A Contested Legacy
In 1880 a short pamphlet was published in Vienna with the title Die Zukunft des Barockstiles (The future of the Baroque style). Its author, “Bernini the Younger,” sought to rehabilitate the Baroque from its detractors as well as from its recent imitators, who had introduced a debased neo-Baroque style in design...
Chapter 6: Vernacular Cultures and National Identities: The Politics of Folk Art
Falke’s comments, published in 1878, were an early contribution to what was one of the most important developments in the art world of late nineteenth-century Austria- Hungary: the rise of a critical interest in folk art. The discovery of folk art was, of course,...
Chapter 7: Readings of Modern Art: Historicism, Impressionism, Expressionism
The engagement of art historians in Austria- Hungary with folk art or Baroque art and architecture was a coded intervention into the cultural politics of the present. This common feature in art-historical writing of the period was in evidence elsewhere too....
Chapter 8: Between East and West
One of the key ways in which Austria- Hungary defined itself was in terms of its relation to the “East.” Since Edward Said’s analysis of orientalism in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century France and Britain, it has become a commonplace that the projected Oriental Other played a formative...
Chapter 9: Saving the Past: Conservation and the Cult of Monuments
In 1903 Alois Riegl published Der moderne Denkmalkultus: Sein Wesen, seine Entstehung (later translated as “The Modern Cult of Monuments: Its Essence and Its Origin”). Probably his best-known work on the subject, it was one of a series of texts...
Epilogue: Continuity and Rupture After 1918
In 1917 the eminent Italian art historian Adolfo Venturi contributed to a volume entitled Monumental Dalmatia.1 The book was a survey of the architectural remains from antiquity onward of the eastern Adriatic coastline, with contributions on the history,...
Page Count: 336
Publication Year: 2013
OCLC Number: 868580704
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