Communism and McCarthyism in Cold War New York
Publication Year: 2014
Published by: Fordham University Press
Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
On November 13, 1950, a fifty-six-year-old woman waved goodbye to a handful of supporters, surrendered to the custody of a U.S. marshal, and was committed to the District of Columbia jail in Washington. She was then incarcerated at the Federal Reformatory for Women in Alderston, West Virginia, for a period of three months. Helen Reid...
1. The Doctor
On May 4, 1949, Dr. Edward K. Barsky received some reassuring news. His reappointment as surgeon at Beth Israel Hospital in New York City, where he had worked since 1923, had been confirmed for another two years. Twelve months later, he received some disturbing news that changed his life forever: he learned that the U.S. Supreme Court...
2. The Writer
During the early years of the Cold War, Howard Fast, born in New York City in 1914, was one of America’s most celebrated novelists. Until his resignation in 1957, Howard Fast was the single most important literary figure in the Communist Party of the United States of America (CPUSA).1 The first of his sixty-five novels was published in 1933, when...
3. The Professors
On Monday, April 16, 1951, Professor Lyman Bradley received a telegram from James L. Madden, the Acting Chancellor of New York University. It informed Bradley that the University Council had resolved “to remove you from the faculty of New York University.”1 We do not know which emotion Bradley most felt when he read the telegram that...
4. The Composer
At New York’s opulent Waldorf Astoria hotel in March 1949, the internationally famous Soviet composer Dimitri Shostakovich experienced “the worst moment in my life.”1 His nadir occurred when he was asked publicly if he supported Pravda’s recent denunciation of several Russian composers.2 Forty years later, the American playwright Arthur...
5. The Lawyer
For three long years, a New York lawyer, O. John Rogge, assiduously defended the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee (JAFRC). Although he could not save its executive board from the federal penitentiary, the reputation of Rogge as a lawyer with a high public profile and an established record of activism in both legal and political circles remained...
"The Un-American hearings were held last week,” wrote Jessica Mitford on December 10, 1953. “You can’t imagine how revolting they are. They dragged about 100 people into it . . . just about every kind of person you can imagine.”1 Mitford, a member of the Communist Party in California who had already appeared before HUAC in September 1951...
Page Count: 240
Illustrations: 6 b/w
Publication Year: 2014
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