Cover

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pp. 1-2

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. 3-8

Contents

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pp. vii-10

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-xi

Writing a book about an institution as complex as the Smithsonian would not be possible without assistance from many quarters. My larg-est debt is to the staff of the Smithsonian Institution Archives, especially archivist Ellen Alers and Pamela M. Henson, director of the Institutional History Division. Without Pam?s sage advice and knowledge of the his-...

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Introduction: The Changing Universal Museum

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pp. 1-9

If the entire world is in your collection is it a collection anymore?The Smithsonian Institution is the world?s largest museum and re-search complex, and, remarkably, it is still expanding. I began researching this book in 2004, the year that the landmark National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI) opened in Washington, D.C. Excitement, and ...

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1. The Universal Museum: Shaping Cultural Exhibition at the Smithsonian

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pp. 11-43

In the 1840s, the National Mall was a barren and unattractive stretch of land. Its most notable feature was the unusable Washington Canal that ran along its northern side to the Capitol before turning south toward the Anacostia River. Black and white Washingtonians knew it as the hub of the city?s slave trading operations, which were clustered along its south-...

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2. History and Technology: A New Museum, a New Era

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pp. 44-85

By the mid-twentieth century, the United States National Museum was, by all accounts, bursting at the seams, overcrowded with poorly main-tained, inadequately lighted, and insufficiently labeled exhibits. Articles in newspapers and magazines consistently referred to the Smithsonian as the ?Nation?s Attic.?1 It was an apt moniker as row upon row, case upon case of ...

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3. Open Education: The Festival of American Folklife and the Transformation of Space at the Smithsonian

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pp. 86-117

In the early 1920s, when Smithsonian Secretary S. Dillon Ripley was a young boy he lived with his mother in Paris. Years later he recalled fondly his experiences wandering the Tuileries Gardens, freely encountering all manner of youthful wonders. Ripley remembered watching Punch and Judy shows, building sand castles, and then slipping into the galleries of the ...

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4. Inclusion or Separation? The Anacostia Neighborhood Museum and the Festival of American Folklife’s American Indian Programs

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pp. 118-152

Ripley was not content simply to transform the educational processes that transpired within and among the Smithsonian?s museums. He was also committed to creating a more inclusive institution. He saw clearly that the Smithsonian?s museums did not adequately or accurately represent the rich cultural diversity of American society, and he pursued various remedies ...

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5. Finding National Unity through Cultural Diversity: The Smithsonian and the Bicentennial

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pp. 153-195

In July 1970, Republican political strategist Kevin P. Phillips published a column in the Washington Post titled ?President Should Consider Festival of U.S. Folklife and History for ?76.? In it, he urged President Nixon to scrap the ?usual pompous, commission-like proposals? being suggested to commemorate the Bicentennial of the American Revolution and instead ...

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6. A Family of Humankind: The Making and Unmaking of a Museum of Man at the Smithsonian

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pp. 196-226

As the Bicentennial festival reached its peak in the summer of 1976, Smithsonian officials debated its future. After such a blockbuster, what could they possibly do next? They knew the Bicentennial festival would be a hard act to follow, and no one favored mounting a festival of similar scale the following year. Various proposals were floated for reducing its size ...

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Epilogue: Is it Possible to See it All?

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pp. 227-230

...periods in its history. The early 1990s saw the institution become one of the primary battlegrounds in the ?culture wars.? This is an oft-told tale, and interested readers may consult any number of books and articles to learn about the controversies of this period. The existing accounts, many of which were written by actual participants, stand as a detailed record of ...

Notes

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pp. 231-281

Index

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pp. 283-291

About the Author, Back Cover

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pp. 292-308