Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. 2-7

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Introduction

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pp. 1-10

Et cum circumdarent nos homines et respicerent nos tamquam monstra, maxime quia eramus nudis pedibus, et quererent si nos non indigeremus pedibus nostris, quia supponebant quod statim amitteremus eos, ille Hungarus reddidit eis rationem, narrans eis conditiones Ordinis nostri.(People gathered round us, gazing at us as if we were freaks, especially in ...

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1. Conquest, Conversion, Crusade, Salvation: The Discourse of Anthropology and Its Uses in the Medieval Period

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pp. 11-36

If ethnography, defined as discourse on observed manners and cus-toms, has a very long history, anthropology, defined not as the aca-demic discipline established in the twentieth century but as the set of ideas and theories attempting to account for cultural diversity or the unity of the ?human,? has an equally long history.1 Anthropological ...

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2. Subjective Beginnings: Autoethnography and the Partial Gazes of Gerald of Wales

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pp. 37-56

The earliest ethnography of Europe emerged from its borders, partic-ularly as they underwent expansion in the twelfth century. Represen-tative texts of such ?border ethnography? include Adam of Bremen?s account of Baltic peoples, and his continuator Helmold?s description of Slavic customs, as well as a proliferation of texts about Britain?s ...

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3. Writing Ethnography “In the Eyes of the Other”: William of Rubruck’s Mission to Mongolia

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pp. 57-87

The thirteenth century witnessed a remarkable opening of the Asian landscape and peoples to Europe. The great thirteenth-century mis-sions, many of them instigated by Pope Innocent IV in part as a defen-sive strategy of knowing the Mongol other on Europe?s eastern bor-der, produced an impressive set of ethnographic treatments of Asia?s ...

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4. Casting a “Sideways Glance” at the Crusades: The Voice of the Other in Joinville’s Vie de Saint Louis

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pp. 88-112

As one indication of the historical connections between the crusading and missionary endeavors,1 the biography of William of Rubruck?s sponsor on mission, King Louis IX, serves as one of the great crusade chronicles of the medieval period. It is in many ways atypical of the crusade chronicle genre, certainly at the genre?s outset. Chronicles of ...

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5. Dis-Orienting the Self: The Uncanny Travels of John Mandeville

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pp. 113-144

The era of the Travels? composition may be characterized as one in which Europe both turned away from the East and turned inward.1 The fall of Acre, the last Christian outpost of Outremer, to the routes to the East were significantly slowed. In 1316 the khans of Persia adopted Islam, thereby constituting a Muslim block on the ...

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Conclusion

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pp. 145-148

...of Another?s Word reveal themselves to be highly complex cultural objects in which the voices and gazes of Europe?s others reflect images of Europeans back to them, holding up an often startling mirror to the late medieval European self. In the Description of Wales, an eth-nic Cambro-Norman hybrid cites native Welsh discourse in ways that ...

Notes

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pp. 149-180

Bibliography

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pp. 181-194

Index

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pp. 195-200

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Acknowledgments

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pp. 201-202

I want to begin by thanking Robert Hanning, my mentor and friend, for his constant, expert intellectual guidance and boundless support for the research and writing of this book. He, Robert Stein, and Mar-garet Pappano provided invaluable early support and direction for the project through insightful readings and provocative questions. ...