Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. C-C

Title Page, Copyright, Quote

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. i-iv

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. v-vi

Figures

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-viii

read more

Foreword to the Updated Edition

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-xxii

In late October 1934, Jackson County, in northwestern Florida, became the scene of a lynching that evoked shock and disbelief all over the United States not only because of its unfathomable cruelty but also because it gave the lie to widespread assumptions...

read more

Preface and Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xxiii-xxviii

The Scottsboro case has preempted the attention of liberals and scholars as the cause célèbie of racism and its attendant violence in the South in the 1930s. Few remember a second event, the lynching of Claude Neal, a black, in Greenwood, Florida, October 27, 1934. The murder of Neal, which NAACP spokesman Walter...

read more

Chapter 1 Lynch Law

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-15

In the early hours of October 27, 1934, in the deep woods of northwest Florida, a mob lynched a black laborer, Claude Neal. He was accused of raping and murdering an attractive young white woman, the daughter of one of his employers, just nine days earlier....

read more

Chapter 2 Jackson County

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 16-41

Jackson County, Florida, where Claude Neal grew up and lived, was prone to the lynching of blacks. Between 1900 and his death in 1934, six other blacks were put to death there by lynching— John Sanders, Doc Peters, Edward Christian, Hattie Bowman, Galvin Baker, and another whose name is not on...

read more

Chapter 3 The Suspect

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 42-66

"One of the most horrible crimes in Jackson County's history was brought to light with the discovery on last Friday morning [October 19, 1934] of the mutilated body of Miss Lola Cannidy, nineteen year old Jackson County girl, on a wooded hillside near her home about three and one-half miles northeast of...

read more

Chapter 4 Vengeance for Justice

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 67-94

The effective execution of their mission to abduct Neal and return him to Jackson County underlined the backgrounds and abilities of the men who comprised the lynch mob. Occupationally, they were not at the top of the status or income scales—not the merchants, furnishing men, or progressive politicians seeking...

read more

Chapter 5 The Local Reaction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 95-114

In view of the tumultuous events which engulfed Marianna and Jackson County on October 26 and 27, life seemingly returned to normality with astonishing rapidity. On Sunday, October 28, ministers in Jackson County reported good attendance at morning and evening services. A newsman for a Montgomery,...

read more

Chapter 6 The National Conscience

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 115-139

The lynchers who seized Neal and returned him to Florida across the Alabama state boundary never gave a second thought to possible federal prosecution. And newspapers in Jackson County at the time made no mention of reprisals by federal law enforcement agencies. Indeed, through federal relief and crop programs,...

read more

Chapter 7 The End of an American Tragedy

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 140-148

After 1935, the era of lynchings in the form of public murder of blacks with attendant rituals came rapidly to an end in America.1 Whereas the number of official lynchings of blacks in 1933, 1934, and 1935 averaged nineteen each year, in only five years thereafter did the number exceed five, and for more than half those...

read more

Chapter 8 Conclusion

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 149-158

Before Claude Neal died, he had experienced in full measure the dehumanization which accompanied violence. He had been denied the legal sanctuary of a jail, a trial by jury, solace from his friends in his last hours, his sexual identity, and finally his life. The basis of that dehumanization had begun, of course, much...

Selected Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 159-166

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 167-170