Front Cover

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pp. 1-1

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Inside Flap

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pp. 2-9

In the wake of the 9/11 attacks, the United States declared war on terrorism. More than ten years later, the results are decidedly mixed. Here world-renowned author, diplomat, and scholar Akbar Ahmed reveals an important yet largely ignored result of this war: in many nations it has exacerbated the already broken relationship between central governments and the largely rural Muslim tribal ...

Title Page

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pp. vii-vii

Copyright Information

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pp. viii-viii

Table of Contents

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pp. xi-xi

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1. The Thistle and the Drone

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pp. 1-42

"The Jonas Brothers are here. They’re out there somewhere,” a smiling and confident President Barack Obama told the expectant and glittering audience attending the White House Correspondents’ Dinner in Washington on May 1, 2010. “Sasha and Malia are huge fans, but boys, don’t get any ideas. I have two words for you: ‘predator drones.’ You will never see it coming. You think ...

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2. Waziristan: "The Most Dangerous Place in the World"

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pp. 43-95

Three decades before President George W. Bush began his manhunt for Osama bin Laden, the most wanted individual on his terrorist list and hiding among the tribes along the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan, I had faced a similar challenge, but in a different context and on a different scale. As political agent in charge of South Waziristan Agency, I was tasked with bringing in Safar Khan, the most wanted man in my area, an outlaw who was also hiding among ...

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3. Bin Laden's Dilemma: Balancing Tribal and Islamic Identity

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pp. 96-133

In his only television interview after 9/11, Osama bin Laden looked decidedly uneasy. The interviewer was persistent, bin Laden rambling, evasive, and increasingly incoherent. The topic causing agitation to both men was the use of violence against innocent civilians. For bin Laden, the challenge was how to maintain a balance between the compulsions of his Yemeni tribal background ...

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4. Musharraf's Dilemma: Balancing Center and Periphery

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pp. 134-254

A century after perhaps the most erudite viceroy of the British Raj, Lord Curzon, had expressed reservations about sending the “steamroller” across Waziristan to crush and pacify its fierce tribes, Pervez Musharraf ordered the Pakistan army into Waziristan. He then launched military operations in the rest of the Tribal Areas as well as in Baluchistan. These were the actions not of a ...

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5. Obama's Dilemma: Balancing Security and Human Rights

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pp. 255-299

From the time of George Washington to that of George W. Bush and Barack Obama, the American president has faced a dilemma not very different from the kind that confronted President Musharraf in Pakistan or the leaders of other countries. At its heart, the problem has been how to maintain the writ of the center while ensuring that marginal and peripheral groups are fully included ...

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6. How to Win the War on Terror: Stopping a Thousand Genocides Now

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pp. 300-360

Tall, young, blonde white females elegantly dressed received us with a clinical charm. This could have been the hospitality room of Fox News. But it was President George W. Bush’s White House. We were briskly ushered into a medium-sized room with no natural light. The high-level officials sat on one side of the table, we, the “experts” on Islam, on the other side. I noted that I was the ...

Appendix: Of Tears and Nightmares

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pp. 361-369

Notes

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pp. 371-402

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Acknowledgments

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pp. 403-405

The following colleagues and friends lent their support and knowl-edge to this project: Amitav Acharya, Melody Fox Ahmed, Sikander Ahmed, Malik Siraj Akbar, Darrell Akins, Karen Armstrong, Mahmood Ayub, Khalid Aziz, Durriya Badani, Thomas Banchoff, Galit Baram, Zakaria Barsaqua, Jona-than Benthall, Arthur Berger, Sarah Bloomfield, Muin Boase, Roger Boase, Nazir ...

Index

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pp. 407-424

Back Cover

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pp. 440-440