Vitalism in Romantic Science and Literature
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: The Johns Hopkins University Press
This book is the result of the intersection of two lines of research I initially thought of as quite separate. It had its origins in research that I conducted for Sympathy and the State in the Romantic Era (2007). That book focused on eighteenth- and nineteenth-century theories of sympathy, a term that then referred not only to moral relationships among individuals ...
Introduction: Three Eras of Experimental Vitalism
A vitalist turn seems to be under way in contemporary natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities. While biologists have, for much of the twentieth century, generally understood vitalism as an outdated and invalidated nineteenth-century approach to living beings—an atavism from the irrational prehistory of biology proper, ...
1. Romanticism, Art, and Experiments
Can art really ever engage in experiments? Consider the following two quite different—even contradictory—assertions about the relationship between experiments and art. In “The Aporias of the Avant-Garde,” media theorist Hans Magnus Enzensberger contended that insofar as the term “experiment” “designates a scientific procedure ...
2. Suspended Animation and the Poetics of Trance
Among the more enduring legacies of Romantic-era literary criticism is Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s suggestion that literary works demand from readers a “willing suspension of disbelief.” Coleridge employed this phrase in his famous discussion of the reception of poetry, recalling in Biographia Literaria (1817) ...
3. Life, Orientation, and Abandoned Experiments
Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is, perhaps above all else, an analysis of the linked problems of orientation and disorientation, of finding one’s path and losing one’s way. As the first epigraph reminds us, the novel begins with a representation of certainty and clear orientation: the narrator of the book, would-be polar explorer Robert Walton, ...
4. Nausea, Digestion, and the Collapsurgence of System
Or it does so, at any rate, for the paranoiac. According to medical accounts that range from early-nineteenth-century physiology to contemporary clinical diagnostics, paranoia is associated with feelings of disgust and nausea. As literary critic David Trotter notes, disgust and nausea are understood to play a functional role in the production of paranoid fantasies: ...
5. The Media of Life
Romantic-era poetry and prose is, in many ways, literature devoted to what Martin Heidegger was later to call thrownness; that is, literature that assumes that human existence only begins when one finds oneself already cast, both mysteriously and irremediably, in the middle of things. ...
For better or for worse, Romanticism has come to be associated with the love of plants. Nor need one look hard for examples to justify such an association: William Wordsworth’s claim that his heart “dances with the daffodils”; the German romantic fascination with the unattainable “blue flower”; J. W. Goethe’s researches into the metamorphoses of plants; ...
Conclusion: Biopolitics and Experimental Vitalism
Though the focus of this book has been on Romantic-era experiments in art and science, both my introduction and my various references to the work of Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari, Michel Foucault, and other contemporary theorists emphasize that it is also an attempt to address, and intervene in, our own contemporary vital turn. ...
Page Count: 352
Illustrations: 2 line drawings
Publication Year: 2013
OCLC Number: 861692127
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Experimental Life