Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-7

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-viii

List of Figures, Tables, and Maps

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-x

read more

Preface and Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xiv

In response to my request for a dependable research contact in Surkhandarya Province, my friend’s relative—a mid-level employee in Uzbekistan’s security apparatus— made an extraordinary offer. Having just detained a driver from Surkhandarya for (unwittingly) transporting narcotics in his taxi, he would assign the driver’s older brother to take me to the region, ...

List of Abbreviations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xv-xvi

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-15

State failure is a central challenge to international peace and security in the post–Cold War era. It has emerged with alarming frequency in contemporary weak states, contributing to a rise in civil wars, insurgency, and terrorist attacks. Having rapidly gained currency in the 1990s, the problem of state failure ...

read more

1. Rethinking the Resource Curse

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 16-29

Rural Central Asia closely approximates the highly unequal, labor-repressive landholding economy that Barrington Moore believed to be susceptible to peasant insurrection. As anyone who spends time on farms in Tajikistan or Uzbekistan can attest, what Moore called “the spread of the state’s authority” is quite thin ...

read more

2. Resources and Rents under Soviet Rule

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 30-50

The successor states of the former Soviet Union fit well within the broader universe of postimperial orders. Like the image of the African colonial state as Bula Matari (crusher of rocks), the Soviet state swept away many pre-Soviet institutions. In place of those institutions emerged a Soviet system that deeply embedded neopatrimonial relationships down to the lowest levels of the state. ...

read more

3. Pathways to Failure: Tajikistan and Uzbekistan

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 51-76

During my second visit to southern Tajikistan’s Amirshoev Farm, after failing to catch up with the farm chair (whose BMW outran my driver’s twenty-year-old Jiguli), I turned to others at the farm to interview. Amirshoev is the furthest farm from Kuliab’s district center, requiring a thirty-minute drive over deteriorated roads through well-maintained cultivated fields. ...

read more

4. Tajikistan’s Fractious State

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 77-99

Since the war ended in 1997, Tajikistan’s central government has struggled to establish its monopoly over organized violence. Throughout the republic, criminal gangs engaged in drug smuggling, political rivals of President Rakhmon posed threats of a coup d’etat, Islamist groups exploited links to Afghanistan, and former civil war commanders staged insurgencies, ...

read more

5. Coercion and Rent-Seeking in Uzbekistan

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 100-123

On May 13–14, 2005, state security forces suppressed an uprising in Andijan city, resulting in the deaths of hundreds—possibly seven hundred—civilians (including many women and children).1 The crackdown after the uprising spread well beyond Andijan Province, resulting in a wave of arrests, a refugee crisis in neighboring Kyrgyzstan, ...

read more

6. Weak and Failed States in Comparative Perspective

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 124-146

The core argument of this book is that weak states defined by low capital mobility have specific political ramifications for local elites. Those elites may command resources, but they cannot convert their resources into rents without patrons and protection within the state. This promotes various combinations of rent-seeking opportunities for local elites, ...

read more

Conclusion

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 147-156

In the eyes of local elites, the dramatic events during the collapse of the Soviet Union have long ceased to threaten their access to rent-seeking opportunities. The disruptive economic reforms, large-scale political purges, and sweeping mass demonstrations of the early 1990s are already part of history in many postcommunist textbooks. ...

Appendix

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 157-158

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 159-192

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 193-196