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Strategically located at the western edge of the Atlantic World, the French post of Natchitoches thrived during the eighteenth century as a trade hub between the well-supplied settlers and the isolated Spaniards and Indians of Texas. Its critical economic and diplomatic role made it the most important community on the Louisiana-Texas frontier during the colonial era.

Despite the community’s critical role under French and then Spanish rule, Colonial Natchitoches is the first thorough study of its society and economy. Founded in 1714, four years before New Orleans, Natchitoches developed a creole (American-born of French descent) society that dominated the Louisiana-Texas frontier.

H. Sophie Burton and F. Todd Smith carefully demonstrate not only the persistence of this creole dominance but also how it was maintained. They examine, as well, the other ethnic cultures present in the town and relations with Indians in the surrounding area.

Through statistical analyses of birth and baptismal records, census figures, and appropriate French and Spanish archives, Burton and Smith reach surprising conclusions about the nature of society and commerce in colonial Natchitoches.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Frontmatter
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  1. Contents
  2. p. vii
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. ix-xiii
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  1. Chapter One. An Overview of Colonial Natchitoches
  2. pp. 1-19
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  1. Chapter Two. Creating Hegemony in Colonial Natchitoches: The French Creole Community
  2. pp. 20-54
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  1. Chapter Three. Slavery in Colonial Natchitoches: The African Creole Community
  2. pp. 55-87
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  1. Chapter Four. Free People of Color: A Dependent Segment of Colonial Natchitoches
  2. pp. 88-104
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  1. Chapter Five. The Indian Trade in Colonial Natchitoches
  2. pp. 105-126
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  1. Chapter Six .Plantation Agriculture in Colonial Natchitoches
  2. pp. 127-145
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  1. Chapter Seven. The Ranching Industry in Colonial Natchitoches
  2. pp. 146-167
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 169-200
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 201-210
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 211-216
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Additional Information

ISBN
9781603444378
Print ISBN
9781603440189
MARC Record
OCLC
698589265
Pages
232
Launched on MUSE
2012-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
N
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