In this Book

Buffalo Soldiers in the West
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summary
In the decades following the Civil War, scores of African Americans served in the U.S. Army in the West. The Plains Indians dubbed them buffalo soldiers, and their record in the infantry and cavalry, a record full of dignity and pride, provides one of the most fascinating chapters in the history of the era. This anthology focuses on the careers and accomplishments of black soldiers, the lives they developed for themselves, their relationships to their officers (most of whom were white), their specialized roles (such as that of the Black Seminoles), and the discrimination they faced from the very whites they were trying to protect. In short, this volume offers important insights into the social, cultural, and communal lives of the buffalo soldiers. The selections are written by prominent scholars who have delved into the history of black soldiers in the West. Previously published in scattered journals, the articles are gathered here for the first time in a single volume, providing a rich and accessible resource for students, scholars, and interested general readers. Additionally, the readings in this volume serve in some ways as commentaries on each other, offering in this collected format a cumulative mosaic that was only fragmentary before. Volume editors Glasrud and Searles provide introductions to the volume and to each of its four parts, surveying recent scholarship and offering an interpretive framework. The bibliography that closes the book will also commend itself as a valuable tool for further research.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
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  1. Title Page, Copyright
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  1. Table of Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Preface
  2. pp. 1-4
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  1. Western Black Soldiers since The Buffalo Soldiers: A Review of the Literature
  2. pp. 5-30
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  1. Part I - The Officers and the Troops
  2. pp. 5-33
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  1. Fort Riley’s Black Soldiers and the Army’s Changing Role in the West, 1867–85
  2. pp. 35-50
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  1. William R. Shafter, Black Troops,and the Opening of the Llano Estacado, 1870–75
  2. pp. 51-67
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  1. Buffalo Soldier Chaplains of the Old West
  2. pp. 77-92
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  1. “Dress on the Colors, Boys!”: Black Noncommissioned Officers in the Regular Army, 1866–98
  2. pp. 93-105
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  1. Part II - The Black Soldier
  2. pp. 97-100
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  1. Cathay Williams: Black Woman Soldier, 1866–68
  2. pp. 101-113
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  1. One Soldier’s Service: Caleb Benson in the Ninth and Tenth Cavalry, 1875–1908
  2. pp. 123-137
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  1. The Court-Martial of Lt. Henry O. Flipper: An Example of Black-White Relationships in the Army, 1881
  2. pp. 129-142
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  1. The Black Seminole Indian Scouts in the Big Bend
  2. pp. 143-152
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  1. Part III - Discrimination and Violence
  2. pp. 153-155
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  1. Black Soldiers at Fort Hayes, Kansas 1867–69: A Study in Civilian and Military Violence
  2. pp. 157-175
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  1. Black Soldiers on the White Frontier: Some Factors Influencing Race Relations
  2. pp. 176-184
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  1. Rio Grande City: Prelude to the Brownsville Raid
  2. pp. 185-196
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  1. The Houston Riot of 1917, Revisited
  2. pp. 197-215
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  1. Part IV - Community of Soldiers
  2. pp. 217-220
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  1. Improbable Ambassadors: Black Soldiers at Fort Douglas, 1896–99
  2. pp. 221-241
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  1. Putting the Army on Wheels: The Story of the Twenty-Fifth Infantry Bicycle Corps
  2. pp. 242-256
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  1. The Black Soldier-Athlete in the U.S. Army, 1890–1916
  2. pp. 257-266
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  1. Community Building on the Border: The Role of the Twenty-fourth Infantry Band at Columbus, New Mexico, 1916–22
  2. pp. 267-276
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  1. Buffalo Soldiers: A Bibliography
  2. pp. 277-300
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  1. Contributors
  2. pp. 301-302
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  1. Permissions
  2. pp. 303-304
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 305-319
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