A Guide for First Responders
Publication Year: 2007
Published by: Texas A&M University Press
This book has been a labor of love. It started as a conversation. Six years and two hundred pages later, it is a book. There are many people to thank for this. First, I need to thank my grandparents and parents for teaching me the importance of helping others. Second, this project would not have been possible without the understanding and love of my wife Michelle and our...
As I teach emergency management courses around the country, I tell first responders and other local government officials—no matter what they have heard before—that if a terrorist strikes their community, the responsibility to respond and manage the incident rests first and foremost on their shoulders.1 The responsibility begins with the appearance of a potential threat and continues...
1. Terrorism in the Barnyard
It is a warm summer’s day; by all accounts, it is perfect. It is the height of the barbecue season—the Fourth of July is right around the corner. You turn on the network national news and the anchor is explaining that a mysterious outbreak of a disease is affecting cattle, swine, and sheep in several midwestern states. The anchor is saying that Department of Homeland Security...
2. Overview of the Agriculture Industry
The agriculture industry in the United States has many interconnected and interdependent layers. It includes the production of poultry, swine, cattle (including beef and dairy), horses (including those for work and pleasure), and such animals as alpacas, deer, antelope, emus, ostriches, catfish, tilapia, and oysters. The industry also produces grains, grasses, fruits, and vegetables...
3. WMD and the Farm
Terrorism has been defined by several departments and agencies within the U.S. government, including the Department of Defense, the Department of State, and the Department of Justice. While the definition used by the Department of Justice is most familiar to first responders, the Homeland Security Act of 2002 provides the first codified definition. This definition...
4. Incident Management and Unified Command
The sheer magnitude of an incident caused by terrorism may be staggering. The quantities of personnel and resources required to mitigate a terrorism event can be huge. Community officials, including those from emergency response agencies, not only have the responsibility to develop plans and systems to respond to terrorism incidents—they are also expected to account for...
5. Strategies and Tactics
As communities start planning the response to an agroterrorism incident, there are several issues to address in their plans. To begin this process, each community should review the applicable state animal health emergency response plan so as to better understand the expectations of their state in the case of an animal health emergency. Additionally, local communities should take...
6. Concepts to Improve the Response
There are many challenges to responding to a WMD incident involving agriculture. However, the capabilities provided by specialized response teams and mechanisms lead to the surveillance of susceptible species, including those in the wild, and can aid communities as they address the challenges of an agroterrorism incident...
7. State Homeland Security Assessment and Strategy Program for Agriculture
Since the late 1990s, the Office of Grants and Training, formerly known as the Office for Domestic Preparedness, an office originally under the U.S. Department of Justice but now under the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, has been the agency responsible for the State Homeland Security Assessment and Strategy (SHSAS) process.1 The intent of this program is to assess...
8. The National Response to an Agricultural Incident
Following the issuance of Homeland Security Presidential Directive 5 on February 28, 2003, changes to the emergency management community have been occurring at a rapid pace and continue to do so. Among the developments that resulted from HSPD-5 are the National Incident Management System and the National Response Plan. Interagency plans and many other supporting...
9. Using This Book for Training Programs
One of the greatest challenges that a community faces in preparation for an agricultural emergency is training its people. This book provides a ready format to train traditional first responders, such as fire, police, and emergency medical services personnel. It is also versatile enough to train veterinarians, veterinary technicians, cooperative extension agents, feedlot personnel...
Appendix A: Vulnerability Assessment Exercise Summary
Appendix B: Individual Site/Event Vulnerability Assessment Sheet
Glossary and Abbreviations
Page Count: 208
Illustrations: 10 b&w photos, 4 tables, 12 charts.
Publication Year: 2007
Series Title: Texas A&M University Agriculture Series
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MUSE Marc Record: Download for Agroterrorism