Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. 2-7

Contents

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pp. 8-9

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-xiv

...One never accomplishes anything in this world alone. My commitment in this book to honoring the efforts of grassroots activists for social justice originated in Baytown, Texas, long before I knew much about the life of scholars or ethnic studies and via the inspiration of former friends and neighbors. I met Gary Eagleton, Michael Wilson, and Janet Stansbury when I was still...

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Introduction. Hybrid Subjectivities

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pp. 1-31

...I was the first of my parents’ three children to be born in Baytown. The first fifteen years of my life, my formative years, were spent in a large apartment community on Baytown’s eastside built to accommodate the town’s booming working-class population. African American families were the predominant residents in that community, along with a handful of Latino/a families...

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1. Foundational Blackness and the Racial State of Expendability

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pp. 32-64

...I introduce the term “foundational blackness” to underscore the significance of anti-black racism and anti-black violence to this racial formation. The term suggests how African American history, or the normalization of anti-black violence in the region as an essential component of its law enforcement apparatuses and racial/colonial dynamics, has been significant...

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2. Black Gold and Brown Bodies: Early Baytown

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pp. 65-113

...They are dual components of a system of “social control.” Acts of systemic hard violence become justified or normalized, symbolically, within a community as part of its modus operandi. This normalization then generates the potential for more hard violence as a political apparatus, a method of social control. The effects of symbolic violence are evident structurally and...

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3. Subjectivities, Chopped and Screwed: Neoliberalism and Its Aftermath

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pp. 114-160

...invented the region’s distinct, slow-paced, mournful brand of gangsta-rap music during the 1990s, a style that musicologists have described as an extension of the region’s significance to the blues, soul, and gospel music genres. D. J. Screw perfected a style that is commonly known as “chopped and screwed,” a method in which records are slowed to half their normal speed (screwed) and cut and spliced (chopped) with other sounds and samples, altered, and...

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4. Rodney King en Español: Baytown’s Activist Awakening

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pp. 161-193

...subjected to a certain kind of state-sanctioned terror over time and most commonly as each group has been experiencing a population boom. The third phenomenon is foundational blackness, or the role that African American history plays in structuring acts of antiracism in the Gulf South, the Torres case being yet another example...

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Conclusion. Moral Witnesses and Mother ’Hoods

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pp. 194-208

...victimized, and to show how cases of police brutality are the product of much more extensive social processes and historical patterns that have contributed to structuring lives and subjectivities in their home neighborhoods. To underscore the importance of Latinas and black women in building coalitions I offer an autobiographical narrative of how the Torres case influenced gender dynamics within my own family in...

Notes

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pp. 209-234

Bibliography

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pp. 235-256

Index

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pp. 257-271