Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright Page

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. iii-iv

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. v-v

List of Tables and Maps

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-viii

read more

Acknowledgements

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-x

Africa’s Deadliest Conflict is the third in a series of books coming out of the Department of Political Science at the University of Windsor that deal with the complex intersection of humanitarian crisis and the role played by mass media in prodding the international community toward some form of meaningful action. The first of these, Humanitarian Crises and ...

The Authors

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xii

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xv-xix

In early December 2010, as we were researching the final sections of this book, our local newspaper, The Windsor Star, ran a long editorial on the Congo entitled “The Congo’s Plight: A Tragedy without End.” In that editorial a Congolese clergyman was quoted as saying that “populations in the east of the country remain subject to a regime of growing terror ...

read more

1. The Congo: Understanding the Conflict

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-18

The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) borders Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, and the newly minted Republic of South Sudan to the east, Zambia and Angola to the south, the Central African Republic to the north, and the Republic of the Congo to the west; it is currently the third-largest country on the continent. In that it shares borders with ...

read more

2. The UN Response: From ONUC to MONUSCO

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 19-39

The UN has been deeply involved in Congolese affairs for most of that country’s fifty years of independence. In truth, it has been one of the many parties involved in the shifting kaleidoscope of internal, regional, and international conflicts that has been the defining characteristic of Congolese life. Conversely, the Congo has provided, and is continuing to ...

read more

3. Mass Media, Public Awareness, and Television News Coverage of the Congo

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 41-63

Over the past half-century, the role of the mass media in political processes, both domestic and international, has been the focus of increasing academic attention. Theories regarding media influence have ranged from the robust “hypodermic needle” analogy (Lasswell, 1938), to the more conservative concept of “limited effects” (Klapper, 1960; Chaffee ...

read more

4. New York Times Framing of the Second Congo War

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 65-90

According to Todd Gitlin, a critical function of mass media is “to certify reality as reality” (1980: 2). In its role as a domestic and international agenda setter, it is arguable that no newspaper is better positioned to carry out this role than the New York Times. In the process of media construction of reality, the initial “pictures in our heads” that we acquire ...

read more

5. New York Times Framing of the Third Congo War

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 91-120

In spite of the apparent end of regional participation in the Congo’s war, New York Times reporting did not begin in the new year of 2003 with the same level of optimism that was seen toward the end of 2002. The reality sank in early that despite the various peace agreements signed over the previous six months, and even though the major regional combatants ...

read more

6. Media Coverage of the Congo Wars: An Overall Assessment

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 121-140

Before we begin our overall evaluation of US media coverage of the Congo it is important to reiterate that agenda-setting theory maintains that media effects are not immediate. Elizabeth Perse tells us that “agenda setting is not an effect that occurs after a single exposure to the news. Instead, salience emerges in the public’s mind because of consistent ...

read more

7. Peacekeeping in the Age of R2P

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 141-157

As its subtitle indicates, this book addresses two major issues: media coverage of the Congo wars (dealt with in chapters 3 through 6 and to be addressed further in the Conclusion) and the UN response to these conflicts (reviewed in chapter 2). In this chapter we will expand on this second point to determine directions for the future of UN peacekeeping. As a ...

read more

Conclusion: The Impact of Mass Media on “The Will to Intervene”

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 159-164

According to the so-called “CNN effect,” what appears in the media, and especially on television, has a major, if not determining effect in getting governments to respond to faraway humanitarian disasters. A good deal of effort has gone into trying to assess the validity of this theory. Most assessments of the deterministic claims for the CNN effect have ranged ...

read more

Postscript: An Update on Events

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 165-169

By the end of January 2009, the “Nkunda problem” had been addressed. Nkunda’s military and political downfall came in a series of rapid developments. First, on January 12, Lydia Polgreen reported a split between General Nkunda and his chief of staff, Jean Bosco Ntaganda. While Nkunda dismissed the seriousness of the defection, Polgreen claimed ...

Appendix: Descriptive Language

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 171-178

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 179-194

References

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 195-225

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 227-237