In this Book

Research Misconduct Policy in Biomedicine
summary
Federal regulations that govern research misconduct in biomedicine have not been able to prevent an ongoing series of high-profile cases of fabricating, falsifying, or plagiarizing scientific research. In this book, Barbara Redman looks critically at current research misconduct policy and proposes a new approach that emphasizes institutional context and improved oversight. Current policy attempts to control risk at the individual level. But Redman argues that a fair and effective policy must reflect the context in which the behavior in question is embedded. As journalists who covered many research misconduct cases observed, the roots of fraud "lie in the barrel, not in the bad apples that occasionally roll into view." Drawing on literature in related fields -- including moral psychology, the policy sciences, the organizational sciences, and law -- as well as analyses of misconduct cases, Redman considers research misconduct from various perspectives. She also examines in detail a series of clinical research cases in which repeated misconduct went undetected and finds laxity of oversight, little attention to harm done, and inadequate correction of the scientific record. Study questions enhance the book's value for graduate and professional courses in research ethics.Redman argues that the goals of any research misconduct policy should be to protect scientific capital (knowledge, scientists, institutions, norms of science), support fair competition, contain harms to end users and to the public trust, and enable science to meet its societal obligations.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. pp. 1-1
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  1. Title Page, Copyright Page
  2. pp. 2-5
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. 6-7
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  1. Series Foreword
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Introduction
  2. pp. ix-xx
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  1. 1 Has Something Important Happened to Scientific Ethics?
  2. pp. 1-16
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  1. 2 Will Approaches from the Psychosocial and Organizational Sciences Improve Research Misconduct Regulation?
  2. pp. 17-36
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  1. 3 What Combination of Regulatory Tools Will Minimize Research Misconduct?
  2. pp. 37-58
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  1. 4 Are Current Publication Standards Protecting the Integrity of the Scientific Record?
  2. pp. 59-78
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  1. 5 Lessons from Clinical Case Studies in Research Misconduct
  2. pp. 79-114
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  1. 6 Research Misconduct Policy, Its Evolution and Culture of Morality
  2. pp. 115-138
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  1. 7 The Unity of Moral Science
  2. pp. 139-154
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  1. References
  2. pp. 155-178
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 179-184
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  1. Basic Bioethics
  2. pp. 185-188
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