Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. C-C

Title Page, Frontispiece, About the Series, Copyright, Dedication

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. i-vi

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-viii

read more

Foreword

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-x

The American GI in World War II has been widely celebrated in American culture. He has been the subject of innumerable Hollywood films and widely lauded by politicians. In 1998, Tom Brokaw coined the term the “Greatest Generation” in speaking about the valor and sacrifice of those who served in this war, and the phrase soon entered the popular lexicon. Brokaw, a baby boomer, was not the ...

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xii

Primacy of place in thanks belongs to Prof. Roger J. Spiller. One of my high school students defined a mentor as “the one who watches your brain,” which is precisely what Roger has done for many years, with the elegance and skill that define the words gentleman and scholar. Prof. Theodore A. Wilson also had enough faith in me to take me on as a graduate student at the University of Kansas and to...

read more

Introduction: Samuel A. Stouffer and Military Sociology

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xiii-xxxii

Samuel A. Stouffer tremendously influenced sociology and related disciplines through his methodological and conceptual contributions, and those who studied under him and worked with him furthered his inspiration as well. A survey of those who worked with Stouffer on The American Soldier, conducted a third of a century after World War II, revealed that most participants in this effort...

read more

1. Meet Sam Stouffer

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-16

The Liberty Limited arrived in Washington, DC, on August 4, 1941—a day when everyone knew what a Pullman train was, and when women were about to learn how to draw stocking lines with eyebrow pencils. Alighting from the train was a diminutive man on his way to the War Department. He had no official status, no military rank, and although at forty-one he had reached a certain level of prominence...

read more

2. Stouffer in the Interwar Years

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 17-28

One shies at fate, historical contingency, and the clichés attendant with wisdom acquired after the fact. Stouffer, however, was a man almost perfectly, serendipitously prepared to head the Research Branch and to be the lead author of The American Soldier....

read more

3. Impulses and Stimuli for the Research Branch

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 29-44

Stouffer’s notes about his initial visit to Washington, DC, in the late summer of 1941 have survived. Written in his crabbed hand, they reveal much about where the Research Branch began its work of discovering and managing the attitudes of American soldiers in World War II. “I must read a good deal about the experience in the last war,” Stouffer told himself, “Got two books on the Personnel ...

read more

4. The Research Branch Rising

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 45-64

Thirty-three months after Pearl Harbor and twelve months before Hiroshima, the Research Branch produced a standard operating procedure (SOP). The document, dated August 19, 1944, attempted to formalize its efforts, in General Gavin’s words, to make “a monumental contribution to the science of making citizens of a free country win its...

read more

5. The Research Branch Refined

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 65-90

In the fall of 1944, when it might be expected that a successful research organization connected to a large bureaucracy would have rested a bit on its laurels and settled into a routine, Stouffer was still looking for ways to refine and improve the Research Branch. He was looking ahead, not behind, and hoped his thoughts would help the Research Branch in “charting our future plans.” Although he...

read more

6. Structure and Findings of The American Soldier

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 91-116

In the months following its publication, The American Soldier received both rapturous praise and scathing criticism. Breathless tones of admiration, “Here is a book! Not since Thomas and Znaniecki’s Polish Peasant has there been a socio-psychological work of such scope, imaginativeness, technical rigor, and important results,”1 were answered with outbursts of excoriation, ...

read more

7. Reception and Criticism of The American Soldier

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 117-128

Princeton University Press prepared for the release of The American Soldier as most publishers do—press releases, synopses, and descriptions of the scope and content of the work. This preparation was enough to gain the attention of the three constituencies most likely to have an interest in the work: soldiers, historians, and sociologists—Stouffer’s audiences. These three groups tended to focus...

read more

8. Stouffer, the Research Branch, and The American Soldier Postbellum

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 129-154

“In the event of remobilization of research functions,” reads a hastily typed memo of 1955 in the files of the National Archives, “valuable counsel, based on pase [sic] experience with attitude assessment among military personnel, should be sought from the following.” The list of names recorded was short and distinguished, but could have been longer. It included Stouffer, who had gone ...

read more

Epilogue

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 155-162

What, then, do the lives of Samuel A. Stouffer and The American Soldier signify?—for books as well as men have lives, and often not the lives they intended. The previous chapters have suggested that the evolution of attitude research in the military, the mid-twentieth century apotheosis of which was The American Soldier, represented a fundamental shift in the way soldiers and the control of soldiers ...

Appendix: Et Al.: The Coauthors of The American Soldier

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 163-174

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 175-238

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 239-266

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 267-279

Production Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 280-280