Cover

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pp. C-C

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

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1. On Organized Crime and Political Finance: Why Does the Connection Matter?

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pp. 1-21

The relationship between criminal syndicates and politicians has been around for a long time and has been the subject of endless fascination. The presence of organized crime in the United States, for example, can be traced back to the Puritans. As early as the 1680s, records from the Massachusetts Bay Colony mention organized groups participating in prostitution and selling stolen goods.1

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2. Argentina: Two Cases

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pp. 22-41

Money, politics, and crime are the main elements of power struggles in any society. They interact in a wide range of arenas, such as policy, public procurement, legislation, law enforcement, domestic politics, international relations, elections, and government management. These interactions and power struggles can have considerable consequences for government efficiency, the...

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3. Brazil: Crime Meets Politics

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pp. 42-75

In Brazil the public debate on the role of organized crime has been coming to a head for the past decade. Public attention to organized crime has focused on urban gangs, such as the PCC (Primeiro Comando da Capital) and the CV (Comando Vermelho), that are involved with the trading and distribution of illegal drugs. These gangs epitomize the threat that organized crime...

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4. Colombia: Coexistence, Legal Confrontation, and War with Illegal Armed Groups

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pp. 76-106

Efforts to regulate campaign financing and political parties in Colombia came relatively late in the country’s history. Despite early discussions and proposals in the 1950s by both major parties—the Liberals and the Conservatives— and the Alberto Lleras Camargo administration (1958–62), Congress failed to pass any legislation on the matter. During this period, as Eduardo...

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5. Costa Rica: Four Decades of Campaign Finance Scandals

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pp. 107-135

The growing role of money in politics has become one of the central issues in democratic debates throughout the world. Costa Rica, arguably the most consolidated democracy in the developing world, has not escaped this trend. In fact, the issue has been part of the national agenda, in different ways, for nearly sixty years. The enactment in August 2009 of a comprehensive overhaul...

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6. Mexico: Organized Crime and Elections

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pp. 136-164

Managing money in politics has been a challenge for democracies since the time of ancient Greece. Even though the dilemmas associated with political financing vary across time and space, the central concern remains the same: preserving the autonomy of the political system and keeping the influence of money—and the agenda of those who provide it—at bay.1 As we know all too...

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7. Bulgaria: Perception and Reality

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pp. 165-194

Organized crime is highly context dependent.1 The Bulgarian type is different in important respects from the Italian Mafia, from Mexican and Colombian drug lords, and from other criminal networks. By extension, there are also variations in the impact that organized crime has on the political process, including political finance....

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8. Italy: The Godfather's Party

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pp. 195-246

Political finance in liberal-democratic countries is often by its nature a domain of unresolved ambiguities and embarrassment. The organization of any political activity—especially during electoral campaigns, when political financing is more intense—has an economic cost. But the rhetoric of popular participation, politics as vocation, and mobilization in the pursuit of high values...

Contributors

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pp. 247-248

Index

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pp. 249-260

About the Publisher, Back Cover

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pp. 261-BC