Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5

Contents

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pp. v-ix

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Preface

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pp. x-xii

This edition of Mississippi Black History Makers, like the first edition published in 1977, presents a panorama of biographical profiles on Mississippi blacks who have made significant contributions in bringing about the uplift of the black race, from the mid-nineteenth century to the present. ...

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Politics

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pp. 3-98

To appreciate the impact that black politicians have had upon Mississippi society, one must understand that southern politics has historically been based upon the racial doctrine of white supremacy, Jim Crowism, and conservatism. Southern politics was oppressive to blacks and fed upon the denial of civil liberties, executive, judicial, and legislative inequality, and reinforced violence. ...

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Civil Rights

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pp. 99-146

For centuries, the black struggle to obtain civil rights in America, particularly in Mississippi, has been a gradual but continuous battle. The methods of achieving this goal have been modified, but the objectives have remained unchanged. In Mississippi those engaged in the civil rights movement of the 1980s are seeking equal employment opportunities, ...

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Business

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pp. 147-188

Lack of capital, training, and clientele have prevented most black Mississippians from entering the business world. During the antebellum period, slavery inhibited the progress of free-born blacks toward economic independence, and racism spurned the evolution of black economic nationalism and self-help during and after Reconstruction. ...

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Education

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pp. 189-248

Education was of paramount concern and the motivating force within the Mississippi black community before and after freedom. It was the key to enlightenment, the eroding agent of ignorance, and the catalyst to uplifting the black race—economically, socially, and politically. ...

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Literature and Journalism

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pp. 249-282

Beginning in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, an embryonic black bourgeoise, expressed disdain for mores and customs of African origin. Prior to that time black writers in the United States had imitated the writing style of white authors and chosen non-racial subject matters for commercial appeal. ...

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The Performing and Visual Arts

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pp. 283-332

The history of black music in Mississippi can be traced to its African origin. The ballad, for example, gives a history of black people or ceremonious occasions. Southern blacks utilized musical instruments similar to those of Africans—the banjo, fiddle, drum, rattles, tambourine, and harmonica. ...

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Religion

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pp. 333-352

The cornerstone of Mississippi black communities has historically been and still is the black church. Political, social, cultural, and economic affairs emanated from this religious structure. The church provided the necessary training for preachers who espoused biblical truths, moral welfare, political action, civil rights, and economic nationalism. ...

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Science, Medicine, and Social Work

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pp. 353-378

Unequal rights and opportunities in education and jobs have kept Negroes from gaining the knowledge and experience necessary for scientific achievement. This is especially true of the black experience in Mississippi. For too long, blacks were denied an education; many could not obtain knowledge in the natural sciences because of Jim Crowism. ...

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Sports

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pp. 379-390

Among blacks, the realm of sports has provided the opportunity for success, escape from slums, and the avenue for fame and fortune. Yet, sports perpetuated the myth of blacks' brawn and whites' brains. Black athletes were generally viewed as nonintellectuals, symbolized as potent studs, and utilized as objects. ...

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Military

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pp. 391-400

Although black Mississippians have fought and died for America's freedom out of a sense of patriotism—voluntarily, in most instances— it took approximately eight wars and 300 years before they and other blacks gained any semblance of equality in the military. ...

Images

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pp. 430-437

Notes

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pp. 401-442

Appendix

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pp. 443-452

Index

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pp. 453-468