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Beyond <i>The Chinese Connection</i>

Contemporary Afro-Asian Cultural Production

Crystal S. Anderson

Publication Year: 2013

In Beyond The Chinese Connection, Crystal S. Anderson explores the cultural and political exchanges between African Americans, Asian Americans, and Asians over the last four decades. To do so, Anderson examines such cultural productions as novels (Frank Chin's Gunga Din Highway [1999], Ishmael Reed's Japanese By Spring [1992], and Paul Beatty's The White Boy Shuffle [1996]); films (Rush Hour 2 [2001], Unleashed [2005], and The Matrix trilogy [1999-2003],) and Japanese animation (Samurai Champloo [2004]), all of which feature cross-cultural conversations. In exploring the ways in which writers and artists use this transferral, Anderson traces and tests the limits of how Afro-Asian cultural production interrogates conceptions of race, ethnic identity, politics, and transnational exchange.

Ultimately, this book reads contemporary black/Asian cultural fusions through the recurrent themes established by the films of Bruce Lee, which were among the first--and certainly most popular--works to use this exchange explicitly. As a result of such films as Enter the Dragon (1973), The Chinese Connection (1972), and The Big Boss (1971), Lee emerges as both a cross-cultural hero and global cultural icon who resonates with the experiences of African American, Asian American and Asian youth in the 1970s. Lee's films and iconic imagery prefigure themes that reflect cross-cultural negotiations with global culture in post-1990 Afro-Asian cultural production.

Published by: University Press of Mississippi


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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5


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pp. v-7

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pp. vii-11

Books do not write themselves, and as an author, I am indebted to a number of individuals and institutions without whose help this volume would remain a vague idea in my head. Many thanks to my mentors in this process who thoughtfully read pieces of the project, especially Thomas Scanlan...

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pp. 3-10

Like many black people growing up in the United States during the 1970s and 1980s, I always seemed to have Asian culture in my house. From kung fu and samurai movies to anime, Asian culture wove itself into the fabric of my cultural imagination. Looking back as an academic, I realize that my...

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1. Afro-Asian Cultural Production and the Rise of the Global Culture

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pp. 11-39

In 2003, The Studio Museum of Harlem sponsored the Black Belt exhibition and produced a catalog whose front cover featured a bright yellow background surrounding a grainy picture of Jim Kelley, the African American martial artist who appeared in Bruce Lee’s 1973 film, Enter the Dragon and later starred...

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2. “You Can Stay at My Crib, I Will Show You My ’Hood”: Interethnic Male Friendship

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pp. 40-93

Bruce Lee’s 1973 film Enter the Dragon reflects a cross-cultural dynamic against the backdrop of the transnational, even in its conception and production. Michael Allin, the film’s screenwriter, remembers that he was conscious of “creating an international movie that would present Bruce...

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3. “Scheming, Treacherous, and Out for Revenge”: Ethnic Imperialism

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pp. 94-136

While Bruce Lee’s Enter the Dragon prefigures a theme of Afro-Chinese male friendship, The Chinese Connection (1972) (also known as Fist of Fury) interrogates a theme of ethnic imperialism. Set against the backdrop of Shanghai in 1908, tensions between Japan and China drive the...

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4. “Some Things Never Change, and Some Things Do”: Interethnic Confict and Solidarity

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pp. 137-185

While Bruce Lee’s The Chinese Connection deals with ethnic imperialism by centralizing the antagonisms between the Japanese and Chinese in early-twentieth-century Shanghai, The Big Boss (1971), his first film, examines intra- and interethnic conflict as well as solidarity. In doing so,...


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pp. 187-205


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pp. 207-216


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pp. 217-222

E-ISBN-13: 9781621039327
E-ISBN-10: 1621039323
Print-ISBN-13: 9781617037559

Page Count: 240
Publication Year: 2013

OCLC Number: 822972388
MUSE Marc Record: Download for Beyond <i>The Chinese Connection</i>

Research Areas


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Subject Headings

  • Asian Americans in literature.
  • Asian Americans in motion pictures.
  • Asian Americans in popular culture.
  • African Americans in literature.
  • African Americans in motion pictures.
  • African Americans in popular culture.
  • Asians in mass media.
  • African Americans -- Relations with Asian Americans.
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