Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. i-vi

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-viii

Abbreviations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-x

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xiv

...Due to circumstances unusual in academic publishing, this book has more than its usual share of acknowledgments. When a decision was announced to close the University of Missouri Press in spring 2012, students, faculty, Missourians, and citizens of the world rallied to protest as authors—including this one—suddenly found their already approved manuscripts “orphaned.” My editor, Clair Willcox, immediately went to...

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-15

...In the spring of 1937, Daniel Saidenberg, first cellist for the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, conducted twelve musicians in an impromptu performance on Chicago’s North Shore at the estate of the late Julius Rosenwald. The event brought out some of the region’s most privileged citizens. One of the event organizers commented: “We are still trying to figure out...

read more

Chapter 1. International Crisis and Reactions

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 16-41

...The relief campaigns for the Spanish Republic developed in the immediate wake of the July 18, 1936, rebellion by the Spanish army against its left-of-center coalition government. Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy cast their lot with the insurgents at the outset, providing troops, transportation and matériel. The Republic’s government, elected only that preceding February, pleaded for foreign assistance in accordance with...

read more

Chapter 2. Movement Culture

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 42-63

...By February 1938, when the newly returned former American Ambassador to Germany, William E. Dodd, addressed the Chicago Council on Foreign relations, Spain and the impending general war had provoked growing interest from the public. “I fear that in two years, or even less, fascism will spread over the world and ours will be the last great nation to...

read more

Chapter 3. The Ethnic United Front and Spanish America’s War

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 64-77

...Children of immigrants were nearly one-third of the U.S. population at the time of the Spanish Civil War, so an ethnic component to the Popular Front was inevitable. Obviously, Spaniards in the United States paid close attention to the course of events in Spain and were moved to support the Republic’s struggle for survival. Many recent immigrant groups...

read more

Chapter 4. The Catholic Church and Interwar Anticommunism

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 78-95

...The other current combined Roman Catholic animosity to communism with appeals to Americanism by the American Legion. Not all Catholics were so disposed, but one particularly anticommunist cross-section actively backed Franco. These activists tended to accept the prevailing assumptions of Catholic writers on the benevolent nature of Franco’s regime and endorsed the published criticisms of Spain’s Popular Front...

read more

Chapter 5. Refugee Aid and the Coming World War

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 96-108

...The Spanish Civil War was decided militarily by late 1938, but the painful conflict festered through March 1939. The Ebro offensive, launched by republican forces on July 25, 1938, was intended to tie up the rebels in the hope that the long-anticipated European general war would now erupt, bringing France and England to the defense of the Republic. Franco and...

read more

Chapter 6. Retribution

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 109-121

...The activists for what became the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee found it difficult to organize anew. By late 1940, the organization had virtually no presence outside of New York City. Having changed names several times—United American Spanish Aid Committee, American Committee to Save Refugees, and American Rescue Ship Mission—the group finally...

read more

Conclusion: A Tomb for Democracy

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 122-128

...The prospect of a new general war was met with less enthusiasm than was opposition to fascism in Spain. In many cases the same proponents of Spanish aid, noncommunist and communist alike, resumed an isolationist disposition. This trend affected primarily the socialist and communist wings of the movement which had lost an ally in the Spanish Republic...

Appendix: The Green Report

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 129-132

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 133-166

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 167-184

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 185-192

read more

About the Author

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 193-193

...Eric R. Smith completed his Ph.D. in history at the University of Illinois at Chicago in 2007. He has taught at Loyola University Chicago and Columbia College Chicago and is presently a full-time instructor at the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy...