Title Page, Copyright

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. i-iv

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. v-vi

Maps and Figures

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-viii

read more

Acknowledgments

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-xii

...This book, I now realize, has been the product of my own life between two motherlands. A native of Bulgaria, in 1992 I found myself studying history and archaeology in Greece. This experience informed my personal transition from the intensely optimistic early years of postsocialism to the unsettling realization that change after communism would...

Abbreviations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xiii-xiv

read more

Note on Terminology and Chronology

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xv-xx

...Similar to other eastern European cases, many localities discussed in this book had multiple names in different languages: Bulgarian, Greek, and/or Turkish. If a locality has a common English-language rendition, I use that name (Istanbul, Salonica, Edirne, and Smyrna, for example). Otherwise I provide both the Bulgarian and Greek names and add the current...

read more

Introduction

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-16

...Writing in 1932, the international law expert Stephen Ladas recounted the story of Todor Nikolov from Haskovo in Bulgaria as an example of the difficulties in determining who was a member of a national minority in Bulgaria and Greece. The Bulgarian citizen declared, in the early 1920s, that he wanted to emigrate and settle in Greece because...

read more

1. The Mixing and Unmixing of Bulgarians and Greeks

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 17-34

...In the rest of his narrative, Father Paisiı˘ presented the history of the Bulgarian people from biblical times to the fall of the medieval Bulgarian kingdoms under the Ottoman Turks in the fourteenth century. Describing the “greatest glory” of the Bulgarians throughout the centuries and singling out language as the main factor differentiating Bulgarians and Greeks...

read more

2. Between the Bulgarian State and the Greek Nation, 1900–1911

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 35-76

...In January 1907 a Greek originally from Anhialo/Anchialos in Bulgaria, but now residing as a refugee in Athens, wrote to a Bulgarian newspaper that he had started realizing “how different we are from the people here in our faith, language, and upbringing.” Depicting a situation of “false promises” and “financial and moral corruption” in Greece, he noted that...

read more

3. Nationality and Shifting Borders, 1912–1918

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 77-116

...In November 1918 an unusual scene unfolded in the village of Dzhaferliı˘ (today Kichevo) north of Varna. Greek officers arrived in an automobile decorated with a Greek flag and convened a meeting with village elders. Headed by a confident colonel named Konstantinos Mazarakis-Ainian, a former Greek fighter in Macedonia and current head of the Greek Military...

read more

4. An Exercise in Population Management, 1919–1925

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 117-156

...The Black Sea town of Mesemvria was in turmoil in the summer of 1925. Following the arrival of Bulgarian refugees, many Greeks received threatening letters, became victims of extortion, or saw on their homes black crosses or inscriptions that read “you shall be killed if you stay.” Some moved in temporarily with relatives in nearby cities, and others...

read more

5. Everyday Life after Emigration, 1925–1931

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 157-192

...In the late 1920s, shortly after the mass emigration of Greeks from Bulgaria, the attorney Dimitris Vogazlis, now a resident of Greece, visited his native Plovdiv/Philippoupolis and, together with his wife, wished to pay tribute to the Mother of God Church (Panagia) in nearby Voden/ Vodena. The village had seen some of the worst violence in the summer...

read more

6. People on the Margins, 1931–1941

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 193-216

...In 1934 a scandal erupted in Anhialo/Anchialos, soon to be renamed Pomorie, in connection with a directive issued by the county police chief prohibiting the use of “foreign languages, especially Greek and Turkish, in all state, county, and public offices,” as well as “at the port, the [railway] station, workers’ storage facilities, coffeehouses, pubs, hotels, motels...

read more

7. Narratives and Memories of the Past

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 217-248

...Kosmas Mirtilos Apostolidis was a prolific Greek historian from Bulgaria who wrote extensively about the Bulgarian Greeks and their communities. Despite the national mission of the writer, his life demonstrates the conflict between public manifestations of national loyalty and private...

read more

Epilogue

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 249-268

...The decade of the 1940s once again upset the dynamics of Bulgarian- Greek relations, all to the detriment of the Bulgarian Greeks. Shortly after World War II engulfed the region, the historian and recent deportee from Bulgaria Mirtilos Apostolidis, worn out by loneliness and deprivation, quietly passed away in Athens in April 1942...

Selected Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 269-280

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 281-294