Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF
 

List of Tables and Illustrations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. ix-x

read more

Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xi-xxiv

When I began this book, I intended it to be a study of the institutional history of the Cistercians in southern France. My primary goal was to incorporate the evidence, fragmentary as it often is, for houses of Cistercian nuns that had been excluded from my earlier study of Cistercian agriculture.1 I soon had to consider why, despite much local evidence to the contrary, historians had denied...

read more

1. Twelfth-Century Narratives and Cistercian Mythology

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-45

Although Lekai suggests that Cistercian growth was not the accomplishment solely of Bernard of Clairvaux, his description of the Order's miraculous expansion is still based on the spiritual appeal of Citeaux. Such analyses as Lekai's have downplayed the role of incorporation in spreading Cistercian religiosity. Such ...

read more

2. Charters, “Primitive Documents,” and Papal Confirmations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 46-92

In this chapter, I argue that the work of "Order-building" by the early Cistercians must be dated to shortly after the mid-twelfth century and thus after the first generation of leaders had passed away. Indeed, there are indications,discussed in the next chapter, that the creation of a Cistercian Order was in part a reaction to the continued dominance of Clairvaux after Bernard of...

read more

3. From C

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 93-160

Descriptions of twelfth-century monastic growth have often attached the term"religious order" or "monastic order" to communities associated with a particular reformer of that age, even when speaking of the early twelfth century.1 But, as I showed in the previous chapter, the term or do did not begin to be used in the sense of a group of monasteries until at least the mid-twelfth century. A...

read more

4. Charters, Patrons, and Communities

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 161-220

Many treatments of benefaction attempt to identify the sources of monastic support, pointing to the social classes who were most interested in the advent of a new monastic community and showing how beneficence to monastic communities served to legitimize the power of such patrons. Studies of medieval monasticism often compare levels of bequests to various abbeys in...

read more

5. Rewriting the History of Cistercians and Twelfth-Century Religious Reform

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 221-236

In 1241 the Cistercian General Chapter instructed the abbots of Calers and Boulbonne to inspect the site of an existing religious community at Valle de Nutibus in the diocese of Elne for its possible admission into the Order.1There in 1242 the abbey of Valbonne was "founded" as a daughter of Fontfroide under the aegis of the king of Majorca and with the authority of the...

Appendix One: Chronological Summary

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 237-241

Appendix Two: “Primitive Documents” Manuscripts: Relevant Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 242-245

Appendix Three: Southern-French Cistercian Abbeys by Province and Diocese

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 264-250

Appendix Four: Calixtus II Documents from 1119 and 1120

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 251-254

Appendix Five: Restored 1170 Letter from Alexander III to the Cistercians

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 256-257

List of Abbreviations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 258-260

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 262-321

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 323-358

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 359-382