In this Book

Admonitions on Governing the People
summary
This is the first English translation of one of Korea’s most celebrated historical works, a pre-modern classic so well known to Koreans that it has inspired contemporary literature and television. Written in 1821 by Chong Yagyong (Tasan), Admonitions on Governing the People (Mongmin simso) is a detailed manual for district magistrates on how to govern better. In encyclopedic fashion, Chong Yagyong addresses the administration, social and economic life, criminal justice, the military, and the Confucian ritual system. He provides examples of past corrupt officials and discusses topics of the day such as famine relief and social welfare. A general call for overhauling the Korean ruling system, the book also makes the radical proposition that the purpose of government is to serve the interests of the people. This long-awaited translation opens a new window on early-nineteenth century Korea and makes available to a wide audience a work whose main concerns simultaneously transcend national and cultural boundaries.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. pp. 1-1
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  1. Title Page, About the Series, Copyright
  2. pp. 2-7
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. 8-11
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  1. Notes on Translation
  2. pp. xi-xiv
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  1. Translator’s Introduction
  2. pp. xv-xxxviii
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  1. ADMONITIONS ON GOVERNING THE PEOPLE
  2. pp. 40-41
  1. Author’s Preface
  2. pp. 1-4
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  1. BOOK I. ASSUMING OFFICE
  2. pp. 5-5
  1. 1. Appointment
  2. pp. 5-15
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  1. 2. Preparations for Traveling to the Post
  2. pp. 15-20
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  1. 3. Taking Leave of the King
  2. pp. 20-27
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  1. 4. Traveling to the Post
  2. pp. 28-33
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  1. 5. Inauguration
  2. pp. 33-39
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  1. 6. Conducting Official Duties
  2. pp. 39-50
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  1. BOOK II. SELF-DISCIPLINE
  2. pp. 51-51
  1. 1. Setting the Body in Order
  2. pp. 51-80
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  1. 2. Integrity
  2. pp. 80-107
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  1. 3. Ruling the Household
  2. pp. 107-124
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  1. 4. Rejecting Personal Requests or Favors
  2. pp. 124-134
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  1. 5. Frugality
  2. pp. 134-145
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  1. 6. Enjoyment of Bestowing Benefits
  2. pp. 145-151
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  1. BOOK III. PUBLIC SERVICE
  2. pp. 152-152
  1. 1. Edification of the People
  2. pp. 152-155
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  1. 2. Observing the Law
  2. pp. 156-158
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  1. 3. Proper Manners toward Superiors and Subordinates
  2. pp. 158-168
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  1. 4. Making Official Reports
  2. pp. 168-174
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  1. 5. Collecting Taxes and Tribute
  2. pp. 174-180
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  1. 6. Responding to a Requisition Order for Service
  2. pp. 181-188
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  1. BOOK IV. LOVE OF PEOPLE
  2. pp. 189-189
  1. 1. Caring for the Elderly
  2. pp. 189-193
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  1. 2. Fostering Orphans
  2. pp. 193-198
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  1. 3. Saving the Poor
  2. pp. 198-201
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  1. 4. Commiseration and Support for the Families of the Dead
  2. pp. 201-205
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  1. 5. Generous Treatment of the Sick
  2. pp. 205-208
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  1. 6. Saving the Victims of Natural Disasters
  2. pp. 208-212
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  1. BOOK V. PERSONNEL ADMINISTRATION
  2. pp. 213-213
  1. 1. Taking Control of Yamen Clerks
  2. pp. 213-228
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  1. 2. Subordinating Petty Functionaries and Underlings
  2. pp. 228-234
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  1. 3. Employing the People for the Local Government
  2. pp. 234-241
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  1. 4. Recommending Virtuous Men
  2. pp. 241-246
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  1. 5. Supervision of Personnel
  2. pp. 246-254
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  1. 6. Evaluation of Personnel
  2. pp. 254-260
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  1. BOOK VI. TAXATION
  2. pp. 261-261
  1. 1. Land Administration
  2. pp. 261-278
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  1. 2. Law of Taxation I
  2. pp. 278-295
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  1. 3. Law of Taxation II
  2. pp. 295-309
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  1. 4. Grain Administration I
  2. pp. 309-326
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  1. 5. Grain Administration II
  2. pp. 326-343
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  1. 6. Household Registration
  2. pp. 343-360
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  1. 7. Justice in Levying Corvée Services I
  2. pp. 360-385
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  1. 8. Justice in Levying Corvée Services II
  2. pp. 385-408
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  1. 9. Encouraging Agriculture
  2. pp. 408-433
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  1. BOOK VII. RITES AND CEREMONIES
  2. pp. 434-434
  1. 1. Sacrifices
  2. pp. 434-460
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  1. 2. Entertaining Guests
  2. pp. 460-492
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  1. 3. Educating the People
  2. pp. 492-515
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  1. 4. Promoting Learning
  2. pp. 515-530
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  1. 5. Maintaining Social Hierarchy and Order
  2. pp. 530-541
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  1. 6. Selection and Examination
  2. pp. 541-556
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  1. BOOK VIII. ADMINISTRATION OF MILITARY AFFAIRS
  2. pp. 557-557
  1. 1. Enlistment for Military Service
  2. pp. 557-593
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  1. 2. Training Soldiers
  2. pp. 593-605
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  1. 3. Repairing Weapons of War
  2. pp. 606-610
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  1. 4. Recommending Martial Arts
  2. pp. 610-618
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  1. 5. Domestic Disturbances
  2. pp. 618-629
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  1. 6. Defending the District against Enemy Attack
  2. pp. 629-654
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  1. BOOK IX. ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE
  2. pp. 655-655
  1. 1. Trial Hearings I
  2. pp. 655-684
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  1. 2. Trial Hearings II
  2. pp. 684-709
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  1. 3. Judgment and Imprisonment
  2. pp. 709-739
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  1. 4. Judicious Enforcement of Punishments
  2. pp. 739-758
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  1. 5. Compassion for Prisoners
  2. pp. 758-776
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  1. 6. Prohibition of Tyrannical Abuses
  2. pp. 776-796
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  1. 7. Eliminating Threats and Harms
  2. pp. 796-824
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  1. BOOK X. PUBLIC WORKS ADMINISTRATION
  2. pp. 825-825
  1. 1. Cultivating and Managing Mountain Forests
  2. pp. 825-844
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  1. 2. Managing Waterways and Reservoirs
  2. pp. 844-857
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  1. 3. Repair of the Yamen Office
  2. pp. 857-868
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  1. 4. Repair of the Fortress
  2. pp. 868-876
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  1. 5. Construction and Maintenance of Roads
  2. pp. 876-884
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  1. 6. Manufacturing Goods
  2. pp. 885-892
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  1. BOOK XI. FAMINE RELIEF
  2. pp. 893-893
  1. 1. Preparation of Relief Supplies
  2. pp. 893-911
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  1. 2. Solicitation of Contributions
  2. pp. 911-927
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  1. 3. The Extent of Relief Measures
  2. pp. 927-945
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  1. 4. Setting Up Camps and Organizing Relief Activities
  2. pp. 946-953
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  1. 5. Additional Measures for Dealing with Famine
  2. pp. 954-964
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  1. 6. Concluding Relief Operations
  2. pp. 964-974
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  1. BOOK XII. DEPARTURE
  2. pp. 975-975
  1. 1. Replacement and Transfer
  2. pp. 975-985
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  1. 2. The Baggage of the Departing Magistrate
  2. pp. 985-990
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  1. 3. The People’s Request That the Magistrate Stay Longer
  2. pp. 990-1000
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  1. 4. Minor Offenses and Failures
  2. pp. 1001-1005
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  1. 5. Mourning the Death of the Magistrate
  2. pp. 1005-1010
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  1. 6. Missing and Honoring the Late Magistrate
  2. pp. 1010-1022
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  1. Glossary
  2. pp. 1023-1084
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 1085-1088
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 1089-1133
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  1. Production Notes
  2. pp. 1134-1134
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