Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. iii-v

CONTENTS

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pp. vii-vii

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

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pp. ix-ix

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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pp. xi-xiii

The fieldwork for this book was funded by a Fulbright-Hays Doctoral Dissertation Research Abroad Fellowship and the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at the University of Virginia. During fieldwork in 1999, I was hosted by the Department of Religious Studies, Classics, and Philosophy at the University of Zimbabwe. In Zimbabwe, I wish to ...

MAP OF ZIMBABWE

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pp. xv-xv

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Introduction

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pp. 1-45

On the outskirts of chitungwiza, the city of townships just south of Zimbabwe’s capital, Harare, there is a place called Juranifi ri Santa (the “place of healing”) where people gather to pray. Th e heart of Juranifi ri Santa is a clearing of ground amid rubber and msasa trees. On any given weekend, when attendance at the prayer site is highest, up to a thousand ...

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1. Up in Smoke: Humility, Humiliation, and the Christian Book

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pp. 46-78

In october 1999 I interviewed Gaylord Kambarami, general secretary of the Bible Society of Zimbabwe (BSZ), an ecumenical organization that traces its roots to the British and Foreign Bible Society, established in 1804. Many churches operating in Zimbabwe, including several independent churches, support the BSZ. Kambarami estimates ...

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2. The Early Days of Johane Masowe

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pp. 79-108

In 1932 Shoniwa Peter Masedza was working for a shoemaker near Salisbury. Shoniwa had come from his home in Makoni, near the border with Portuguese East Africa, in the late 1920s. He had held a number of odd jobs in and around the capital: driving wagons, working as a “garden boy,” apprenticing with a carpenter. Just after starting with the shoemaker ...

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3. The Question of Leadership: The Friday Message after Johane

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pp. 109-137

“I have no idea what Johane Masowe looked like,” said Madzimai Tsitsi. Lazarus and I had been interviewing Tsitsi and her husband, Madzibaba Zechariah, for about an hour when she hit on this point. We had been asking the couple about the church’s history, something we routinely did in our interviews and conversations. Church history is a term the apostolics ...

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4. Mutemo in Three Portraits

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pp. 138-170

The previous two chapters are held together with minimum reference to the content of the Friday message. In chapter 2 I aimed to make Shoniwa-Johane’s transformation legible, and while I tried to highlight those aspects of his preaching that have become the bedrock of a Friday cosmology, we were left with only protean forms. Social scientific clarity ...

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5. Listening for the True Bible: Live and Direct Language, Part I

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pp. 171-199

I was told that being an apostolic is a “full-time thing.” This saying picks up on the commitment Shimmer highlighted in his conversion narrative: one cannot be half Christian and half outside. An apostolic should maintain his or her commitment at all times and in all places. The language of commitment is indeed a common feature of the apostolics’ discourse ...

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6. Singing and the Metaphysics of Sound: Live and Direct Language, Part II

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pp. 200-223

Since Shoniwa-Johane’s descent from the Marimba hill, singing has been central to the makeup of apostolic Christianity. Johane’s position as a prophet was marked by music well before the articulation of a distinct Friday or Saturday message. It was the singing, in fact, as much as what Johane said, that often got the nascent apostolics into trouble. In ...

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7. The Substance of Healing

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pp. 224-243

To what extent can religion be given over to a project of immateriality? In 2003 the Victoria and Albert Museum in London mounted an exhibition, Gothic: Art for England, that provided something of an answer. One of the pieces in the show was a defaced church panel. Sometime in the sixteenth century the image on the panel had been scratched out. A ...

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Conclusion

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pp. 244-252

Were they ever to meet, it is doubtful that Gaylord Kambarami would think much of Godfrey Nzira’s Christianity. Kambarami’s understanding of Christianity emerges out of a tradition in which “the Bible, the whole Bible, and nothing but the Bible” is a clarion call. Kambarami wants to put a Bible in the hands of every Zimbabwean. The image that his goal ...

NOTES

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pp. 253-266

REFERENCES

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pp. 267-289

INDEX

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pp. 291-304