Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Foreword

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pp. vii-viii

The Milbank Memorial Fund is an endowed operating foundation that works to improve health by helping decision makers in the public and private sectors acquire and use the best available evidence to inform policy for health care and population health. ...

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Preface

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pp. ix-xii

This book was completed before the tragedy that destroyed much of New Orleans and the Gulf Coast in the late summer of 2005, when thousands were left homeless and hundreds dead after Hurricane Katrina struck. Like those who responded to the attacks of September 11, 2001, those on the ground in the days after the hurricane ...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xiii-xvi

The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, shocked all Americans. In just a few moments our sense of safety shattered as four airplanes attacked the American mainland for the first time in history. These attacks and the concerns about the possibility of bioterrorism following the anthrax episode a month later, ...

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Introduction: Remembering the Moment

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pp. 1-5

How can we understand the emotionally charged events surrounding September 11, 2001? How can we begin to comprehend the impact on our psyches, our institutions, and our people of the World Trade Center collapse, the attack on the Pentagon, and the crash of a jetliner in the fields of Pennsylvania? ...

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1. September 11 and the Shifting Priorities of Public and Population Health in New York City

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pp. 6-54

September 11, 2001, affected virtually all aspects of American life, from foreign policy and domestic security to philanthropy, social services, and health policy. Social welfare, public health, health care, and environmental issues, generally seen as separate spheres, are now increasingly understood as interrelated components ...

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2. Emergency Preparedness, Bioterrorism, and the States

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pp. 55-118

The newspaper headlines were stark and eerie: “Efforts to Calm the Nation’s Fears Spin Out of Control,” “Local Public Health Officials Seek Help,” “This Is Not a Test,” “State Can’t Handle Bioterrorist Attack,” “Scared into Action.” And the pictures that accompanied them were worse: investigators in moon suits; ..

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3. Emergency Preparedness, Bioterrorism, and the CDC: Federal Involvement before and after 9/11

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pp. 119-155

Public health activities have traditionally been understood as state and local functions. Throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, disease surveillance and reporting, quarantine, vaccination campaigns, and treatment—as well as sanitation and other preventive strategies—were carried out largely by local and state health departments. ...

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Conclusion: What Lessons Have We Learned?

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pp. 156-162

What lessons are to be drawn from this historical account? September 11 presented the public health community and those involved with population health more generally an immense opportunity to revitalize and rethink the nation’s health agenda. ...

Notes

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pp. 163-180

Index

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pp. 181-194