Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Other Works in the Series, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. 2-9

CONTENTS

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pp. ix-11

LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS

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pp. xi-13

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PREFACE

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pp. xiii-xvi

In my home in Oakland, California, you will Wnd an appropriate metaphor for the inverted temporal order of this book: a small image of the Sankofa bird of Akan philosophy. Carved into a piece of wood, this feathered creature is suspended in motion, its billowing body moving forward...

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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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pp. xvii-xix

Mil gracias to all who have supported me through the years I spent writing this book. I own enormous debt to the colleagues and friends who left their imprint on my work. My sisters, Angela Fregoso and Maria Teresa Araiza, resurrected family memories and offered editorial suggestions,...

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1. Toward a Planetary Civil Society

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pp. 1-29

The campaign to end the killing of women in Ciudad Juárez took the name “Ni una más.” Ni una más en Ciudad Juárez. Not one more murdered woman in Ciudad Juárez. Mothers and grandmothers, women’s rights and human rights groups, and friends from both sides of the border...

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2. Cross-Border Feminist Solidarities

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pp. 30-47

In their self-help book for Latinas, The Maria Paradox, Rosa Maria Gil and Carmen Inoa Vásquez outline the Ten Commandments of Marianismo, or the Latino patriarchy’s do’s and don’t’s for Latinas.1 The ninth commandment is of particular interest for those of us who consistently...

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3. Gender, Multiculturalism, and the Missionary Position on the Borderlands

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pp. 48-70

In Playing in the Dark, Toni Morrison writes: “The imaginative and historical terrain upon which American writers journeyed is in large measure shaped by the presence of the racial other.”1 There is no denying what Morrison calls the “Africanist presence” in U.S. culture. Until very...

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4. The Chicano Familia Romance

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pp. 71-90

“I remember mi familia” are the final words spoken by Paco Sánchez, the maudlin narrator in the film My Family (1995). This is not just his own particular familia that Paco is remembering. The trailing resonance in his voice, heightened by deliberate guitar strumming in the style of El Trio...

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5. Familia Matters

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pp. 91-102

As a young girl growing up in South Texas, I remember my fascination with “pachucas.” Precursors to today’s “homegirls,” the pachucas of my youth embodied adolescent rebellion, sexuality, and deviance—an urban toughness and coolness usually associated with masculine behavior....

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6. “Fantasy Heritage”: Tracking Latina Bloodlines

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pp. 103-125

Carey McWilliams Wrst coined the term “fantasy heritage” during the 1940s in his trenchant deconstruction of the Mission myth.1 Most often attributed to Helen Hunt Jackson’s Ramona (1884), the Mission myth entailed reinventing a romantic Spanish history for California—a...

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7. Haunted by Miscegenation

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pp. 126-147

One year after the war between Mexico and the United States has ended, the native Californios (California Mexicans) notice a shift in public perception. The year is 1849. Tens of thousands invade California, not from the southern hemisphere but from the eastern part of the continent. They...

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8. Ghosts of a Mexican Past

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pp. 148-168

This book evolved over decades, beginning in a time when I first connected to the old story of Mexican Corpus Christi through my Gramma Angelita’s memories. On this day in 1971, my maternal grandmother has taken time off from tending the store to indulge me in an interview for a...

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Epilogue

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pp. 169-170

“We are a people that has seen the ground beneath our feet renamed several times over the last Wve hundred years.”1 From the perverse images of meXicanas circulating in the cultural landscape, one would never know the historical truth behind John Phillip Santos’s words. There in the...

NOTES

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pp. 171-198

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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pp. 199-209

INDEX

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pp. 211-219