Cover

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pp. 1-1

TItle Page, Frontispiece, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. 2-7

Contents

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pp. vii-9

List of Illustrations and Tables

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pp. ix-11

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xiii

This book began with the idea of undertaking fieldwork in Angola’s oil-rich northwest because I had found little information on the daily struggles of Angolans living near sites of extraction. The concept was simple, though the logistics seemed daunting. Still, my adviser, Nancy Peluso, never doubted...

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1. WASHING ASHORE

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pp. 1-16

Waves rolled toward a wide beach where a group of fishermen hauled in a net, keeping pace with the crash and flow of the foam-white surf. Their calloused hands clutched at the worn rope, steadied against the ocean’s tugging withdrawal. And then, poised for its return, the fishermen turned...

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2. PETRO-CAPITALISM

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pp. 17-43

Small ripples spread across the surface of the crescent-shaped Luanda Bay as a tanker truck pumped raw sewage into its stagnant waters. Snaked across the boardwalk, the sewage hose gurgled faintly. Joggers took wide strides over it, but none seemed to question its presence. It was as if their disregard...

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3. PETRO-VIOLENCE

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pp. 44-69

Waves charged toward the Cabo Ledo shoreline, breaking with violent explosions of sea foam. The thunderous roar of the waves drowned out the sounds on the promontory above, where Special Forces divisions of the Angolan army conducted training exercises from a former Portuguese...

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4. SHALLOW GRAVES

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pp. 70-103

Waves tumbled toward the shore, breaking on a rusted tank half-interred in the sand. The tank and abandoned Soviet missiles in the bluffs above recalled battles between the government and UNITA. Like the tank, the painful memories of war remain only partially buried in Soyo....

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5. UNPALATABLE COMPENSATION

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pp. 104-136

Waves lapping at Fútila’s blackened beach tell the story of the fishing community’s relationship to oil. The community’s proximity to offshore extraction and the Malongo base has rendered local livelihoods extremely vulnerable to pollution. Relying on the bounty of the sea, Fútila has grown...

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6. MILITANT TERRITORIALIZATION

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pp. 137-171

From an altitude of around one thousand meters, the waves tumbling toward Cabinda’s coast appeared frilled and tame . As the plane made its final descent, my perspective shifted and the waves took on a new character — slamming against the shore with great force. The plane taxied to...

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7. CORPORATE TERRITORIALIZATION

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pp. 172-203

The gloss of gasoline produced iridescent swirls on the surface of Cabinda Bay. Like the gleam on the water, Chevron has spread the sheen of development in its wake. Corporate social responsibility (CSR) projects dotting the Cabindan landscape reflect waves of corporate influence. Investments...

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CONCLUSION: CONVERGING SHORES

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pp. 205-211

An oil slick rippled across calm waters. As the spill spread its toxic shadow across the bay, tar balls spattered local beaches and the corpses of 1,800 oilfouled seabirds washed ashore (Schreiber 2008). Authorities closed more than fifty coastal recreation areas and ordered a halt to all fishing activities...

Notes

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pp. 213-271

Bibliography

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pp. 273-307

Index

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pp. 309-323