Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. i-vi

Contents

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pp. vii-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xiv

...mind all of the people who have helped to bring it to fruition. The research for this book began at the University of Virginia, and many friends, colleagues, and mentors have infl uenced the book’s development. First and foremost, I must thank Gary W. Gallagher for his instruction, advice, and professional example. He taught me much about history and scholarship, and raised my aspirations...

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Introduction: The American Civil War and the Age of Revolution

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pp. 1-10

...New York to observe the final act of what he would later call “five years of revolution, political turmoil and civil war” in the United States. The French liberal hoped to follow in the footsteps of Alexis de Tocqueville, a close family friend, by observing American democracy in action. While his illustrious predecessor ...

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1. World Revolutions and the Coming of the American Civil War

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pp. 11-37

...of the American nation. On February second of that year, negotiators representing Mexico and the United States concluded the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the Mexican War and extended America’s boundaries to the Pacific Ocean. Several weeks later, revolutions broke out in Europe that promised to establish representative...

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2. The Revolution of 1861

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pp. 38-59

...cannon opened fi re on a federal fort guarding the approaches to Charleston Harbor. The sectional tension that had plagued the Union for decades erupted into war between two self-proclaimed nation-states. Fort Sumter surrendered after a thirty-three-hour bombardment, and the world quickly took note. On April 16, William ...

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3. The Problem of Northern Nationalism

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pp. 60-79

...in America excited many northern patriots who had cheered movements for freedom in Europe in the years before the Civil War. The willingness of Old World liberals to embrace their adopted republic seemed to prove that the North stood for liberty, progress, and freedom. For the nation’s leaders, however, the issues at stake did not appear so simple. In the months after the Battle of Fort Sumter, they found...

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4. The South and the Principle of Self-Determination

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pp. 80-106

...London, becoming the fi rst offi cial representative of the Confederate States of America to set foot in Europe. Mann had been there before, but as a diplomat in the service of the United States. In 1849, he had been dispatched to the revolutionary government of Hungary with authorization to recognize the new republic’s independence...

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5. The Last Best Hope of Earth

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pp. 107-131

...Abraham Lincoln signed his Emancipation Proclamation. The order, in its fi nal form, granted freedom to all slaves still held in bondage in Confederate territory. The president’s directive recast the U.S. military as an army of liberation. It instructed members of the armed forces to act on their new duty to “recognize and maintain” the freedom of the slaves they encountered as Union...

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6. The White Republic

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pp. 132-150

...new nation represented the principles of liberal revolution grew more difficult in the spring of 1863. The European public’s supposed sympathy for the rights of self-determination had not enticed any Old World nation to risk war and intervene on behalf of the South. The Emancipation Proclamation proved most problematic. The Lincoln administration’s policy increasingly appealed to the antislavery...

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Conclusion: American Nationalism and the Nineteenth-Century World

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pp. 151-158

...weight of unrelenting military pressure, Ernest Duvergier de Hauranne remained on hand to witness its death throes. The French thinker marveled at the grandeur of a struggle that had been carried on for so long by the people of two republics without ever succumbing to dictatorship or demagoguery. The history...

Notes

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pp. 159-182

Bibliography

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pp. 183-198

Index

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pp. 199-204