Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication, Quotes

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pp. 2-9

Contents

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pp. ix-x

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Preface

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pp. xi-xiv

Between Slavery and Freedom is a work that has been percolating for many years. As a graduate student at the University of Minnesota in the early 1970s, I had the good fortune of discussing slavery and slave narratives with Ralph Crowder, then a talented graduate student in history. ...

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xv-xvi

Throughout the various stages of this book, I have benefited from the comments of numerous individuals and from the support of Rutgers University. The comments of my colleagues Mary Gibson, Douglas Husak, and Brian Mclaughlin are greatly appreciated. ...

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Philosophy And American Slavery: An Introduction

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pp. xvii-xxvi

Slaves in the United States certainly ranked among the most powerless and oppressed people in modem times. Contrary to popular opinion, slaves reflected deeply on every aspect of the miserable state they were forced to endure. In the writings of slaves and former slaves, we find discussion and speculation on such concepts as oppression, ...

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One. Oppression and Slavery

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pp. 1-15

Fitzhugh was not alone in his opinions. There were many apologists for chattel slavery in the United States.2 Most historians of the American slave experience, however, have concluded that slaves were oppressed, although they disagree over what the mark of oppression was during slavery. ...

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Two. Paternalism and Slavery

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pp. 16-34

How should we view those who were the principal actors during slavery? Were slaves "Sambos" who acquiesced in their own oppression, or were they psychologically whole persons who struggled to end their enslavement? On the other side of the equation, were slaveholders heartless, money-grubbing, evil persons ...

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Three. Resistance and Slavery

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pp. 35-54

Historians have documented rebellions and revolts by blacks who were held as slaves.1 There were violent confrontations between blacks and whites as slaves fought to break their bondage. These occurrences were rare, however, and this fact has led some scholars to question the extent and nature of slave resistance. ...

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Four. Citizenship and Slavery

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pp. 55-70

While the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment may have settled the question of citizenship for blacks in the minds of many legal theorists, there were some black political theorists who still did not see themselves as Americans. They insisted that there is a fundamental incompatibility between what some whites thought America stood for ...

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Five. Moral Discourse and Slavery

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pp. 71-89

After two hundred and fifty years of chattel slavery and a scant twenty years after the Emancipation Proclamation, Supreme Court Justice Joseph P. Bradley, arguing against the Civil Right Act of 1875, which guaranteed equality of access to public accommodations, made the following claim: ...

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Six. Forgiveness and Slavery

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pp. 90-112

The American slave experience provides us with the opportunity to examine the best and the worst of human behavior. As we have argued, the slave narratives have proven to be an excellent source for those who want to know more about slavery and its aftermath. ...

Notes

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pp. 113-128

Bibliography

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pp. 129-139

Index

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pp. 140-146

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About the Authors

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pp. 176-176

Bill Lawson is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Delaware. His research has focused on political obligations and political oppression, and his work has appeared in numerous philosophical journals. ...