Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-7

Table of Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xii

Why do some countries have a strong nonprofit sector while others do not? This book offers a new answer to this question by focusing on a neglected puzzle: the fact that Mexico—a democratic, middle-income country—has the weakest nonprofit sector in the world. Cross-national analysis reveals that, far from being exceptional, Mexico fits into a broader pattern. ...

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1. A Cross-National Philanthropic Puzzle

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pp. 1-25

Sometimes things get worse before they get better”—Doña Mica reflected during an interview.1 She was apologetic about the fact that her new initiative, which focused on building the capacity of indigenous youth to develop microenterprises, was rapidly losing money. Yet she remained confident that Fovaso—a small nonprofit organization in Central Mexico—would soon be financially viable again. ...

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2. A Risk Perspective on the Nonprofit Sector

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pp. 26-52

This chapter proposes a theoretical framework based on the influence of economic risk to explain variation in philanthropy and nonprofit sector size. In so doing, it will generate a hypothetical explanation for the PKC puzzle that is tested in subsequent chapters. Drawing on finance and game theory, it argues that risk fundamentally shapes the nature and extent of philanthropy ...

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3. Economic Development, Risk, and the Nonprofit Sector in Cross-National Perspective

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pp. 53-78

Chapter 1 presented a robust cross-national puzzle: the philanthropic Kuznets curve (PKC). Whether measured by giving, volunteering, civic participation, nonprofit sector employment, expenditure, or other correlates such as social trust and social tolerance, nonprofit sector strength invariably displays a U-shaped relationship ...

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4. When Crisis Hits

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pp. 79-108

Chapter 3 shows the remarkable association between level of economic development, economic risk, and nonprofit sector strength across nations. Does this relationship hold over time as well? At present, the absence of longitudinal data prevents a cross-national time-series reply to this question. ...

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5. The Long-Term Impact of Economic Risk on Nonprofit Sector Strength

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pp. 109-156

How did the Mexican nonprofits studied and the nonprofit sector more generally fare in the post-crisis period? To the surprise of most, Mexico’s 1995 adjustment program worked to quickly boost the economy. The dizzying drop in the peso led to an export boom, so that by 1996 the economy was growing again. ...

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6. Nonprofit Sector in Crisis: Broader Implications and Strategies for Risk Management

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pp. 157-172

How and why does nonprofit sector strength vary across nations and over time? This book identified and developed an explanation for the puzzling U-shaped relationship between nonprofit sector strength and economic development—the philanthropic Kuznets curve—which defies nonprofit sector theories proposing a linear relationship between economic development and nonprofit sector strength. ...

Notes

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pp. 173-180

Bibliography

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pp. 181-202

Index

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pp. 203-207