Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. iii-iv

Table of Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Foreword

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pp. ix-xi

The fifty years or so preceding the watershed of 1848–49 witnessed the emergence of liberal nationalism in Hungary, along with a transmutation of conservatism which appeared then as a party and an ideological system in the political arena. The specific features of the conservatism, combining the protection of the status quo with some reform measures, its strategic vision, conceptual system, argumentation, assessment criteria, and values require ...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-9

Is there a vicious circle of binary forms of political discourses in Central and Eastern Europe—modernity vs. tradition, progress vs. nation, freedom vs. community, self-realization vs. belonging to a community, “Western cosmopolitan civilization” vs. “national identity,” adoption of the European model vs. national self-centeredness? Defining and comparing the roots, history, and variants of these oppositions in different geographical ...

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Conservatism

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pp. 11-23

In colloquial usage, the connotations of the term “conservative” and its collocate, “radical,” imply an opposition, an antithesis. The most frequent concepts associated with conservatism, suggesting social and political equilibrium and identifying it with the aristocratic social order, are authority, tradition, traditional values, order, history, social and political hierarchy, aristocracy, status quo, custom ...

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The Liberal Challenge:Nation-Building through Reforms

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pp. 25-29

At first sight Kölcsey’s program may seem conservative, paternalist, with a demand of gradual improvement. A second reading, however, makes it clear that the new role of the nobility differs from the old one in more than just paternalistic protection; it also differs in the interpretation of privileges and constitutionality. The traditional opposition recognized as its ...

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The Conservative Answer:Law, Order, and Stability

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pp. 31-177

István Széchenyi wished to put Aurél Dessewffy to eternal rest in his proposed Hungarian Pantheon. A year later a liberal publicist, László Szalay, declared he had been the Alexander the Great of the Hungarians, after whom only the diadochi (his unworthy successors) could come. In 1851 another liberal, Antal Csengery, asserted that Aurél Dessewffy would ...

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Myth in the Making

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pp. 179-188

During the period of cooperation between the sovereign and the legisla-ture in the spring and summer of 1848—a cooperation far from being devoid of tensions—the Hungarian conservatives retreated into the back-ground, but in the autumn when an explicit conflict had burst out between Vienna and Pest, the overwhelming majority of conservatives pledged ...

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Epilogue

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pp. 189-205

The below quoted letter was written by the son of Count Emil Dessewffy, Count Aurél Dessewffy, Jr. agrarian politician and the vice president of the Association of Hungarian Landowners. Count Aurél Dessewffy, Jr. was one of the leading members of the early twentieth-century Hungarian neoconservative political group whose ideology was no longer built on the traditions of loyalty to the throne and the altar, and who organized their ...

Primary Sources and Literature

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pp. 207-251

Index

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pp. 253-256

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Illustrations

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pp. 270-293

Unnumbered pages