Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-9

Contents

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pp. ix-x

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Acknowledgements

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pp. xi-xiv

I acknowledge with gratitude the many people who have helped me with this project. In particular, I wish to thank all of the librarians who played a key role throughout the research process, especially the archivists at the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), including Lance Martin, Jo Ichimura, and Susannah Rayner. ...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-14

Robert Morrison (1782–1834), the first Protestant missionary to operate in China, was sent alone to his East Asian post by the London Missionary Society (LMS) in 1807. He spent more than half of his life (he died at his station in Guangzhou, China) planting a foothold in China for the benefit of the Protestant missionary movement, ...

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Chapter 1. The Birth of British Evangelicalism and the Disappointment of the Earliest LMS Missions

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pp. 15-36

This story begins in 1660 with the restoration of the House of Stuart, commenced by Parliament’s offering of the throne to an exiled Charles II and the consequent conclusion of the period of parliamentary and military rule known as the English Interregnum. At this stage in its history, England was recovering from involvement in the Thirty Years’ War (1618–48), ...

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Chapter 2. The New Approach to Missions: Gosport Academy and David Bogue’s Strategy

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pp. 37-82

Guided by the ‘Report on Missionary Training’, presented in the previous chapter, David Bogue began to develop a three-year training programme which included lessons on biblical languages, evangelical theologies, rhetoric skills, and mission histories. Since ‘the design [of the programme] being to confine their education to theology, ...

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Chapter 3. Looking towards China: Morrison’s Work in London and the Voyage to China

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pp. 83-106

Speaking at Gosport, David Bogue estimated that at the time of Morrison’s studentship the world’s population consisted of 600,000,000 pagans, 200,000,000 of which were ‘Mahometans’ and at least 3,000,000 of which were Jews.1 He further approximated that these 600,000,000 ‘heathen’ were dispersed throughout a vast range of nations, ...

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Chapter 4. Communicating the Gospel to China: Robert Morrison Uses Bogue’s Programme to Propagate to the Chinese

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pp. 107-158

On September 4, 1807 the Trident docked on the coast of Macau and on September 6, 1807,1 more than seven months after departing Great Britain, Robert Morrison arrived at Shamian Island, below the city walls of Canton.2 While in Macau he met with George Staunton and other East India Company officials, such as William Chalmers, ...

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Chapter 5. The Ultra Ganges Mission Station, a Printing Centre, and the Final Educational Step of the Template

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pp. 159-192

As already noted, William Milne began translating David Bogue’s lecture notes for the China Mission’s seminary at the beginning of 18141 and he continued to work on this translation during his tour of Southeast Asia.2 He acknowledged that translating the tutor’s notes was valiant,3 but he predicted that the directors would be pleased with the plan: ...

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Conclusion

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pp. 193-200

After Robert Morrison’s death in 1834, his pioneering mission became the focus of a hagiographical discourse. Such writings narrated the pioneering mission as phenomenal, drawing attention to its chain of accomplishments, whilst failing to get to grips with the complex processes through which they were obtained by the missionary. ...

Notes

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pp. 201-238

Bibliography

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pp. 239-254

Index

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pp. 255-261