Cover

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pp. 1-2

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 3-8

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

Writing a book does a lot to one’s own humanity. In my case, I have been personally stretched and challenged through the comments and encouragement of many colleagues, family members, and friends along the way. Most of the contributions that led to this book, I owe to them. Any mistakes, I claim for my own. ...

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Introduction: Human Rights and Foreign Policy

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pp. 1-7

The conventional wisdom in international relations is that human rights matter little, if at all, in the foreign policy of great powers, especially when that policy involves strategic endeavors like the war on terror. U.S. behavior since 9/11 seems to reflect this belief. ...

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[1] Humanitarianism and Commitment Termination

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pp. 8-41

Democratic states sometimes terminate commitments to strategic partners. Why does this occur? In my effort to answer this question, I specifically draw on three approaches to international politics: realism, institutionalism, and humanitarian norms—this being a hybrid liberal-constructivist framework. ...

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[2] Suffering Christians in British-Ottoman Relations

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pp. 42-73

Throughout most of the nineteenth century, Russia stood as a leading strategic challenger to Great Britain’s foreign policy goals. For Britain, this competition revolved around India, the center of its global empire. In this context, the Balkans and the broader issue of the integrity of the Ottoman Empire took on special meaning for London. ...

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[3] Torture and Summary Execution in U.S.–Latin American Relations

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pp. 74-111

Guided by the goal of avoiding “another Cuba,” the foreign policy experts in the United States moved Latin America to the top of the list in Cold War planning after Fidel Castro’s 1959 revolution. Security assistance (military grants, sales, and training) became the primary tool in Washington’s arsenal for achieving this end.1 ...

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[4] Apartheid in U.S.–South African Relations

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pp. 112-143

Cold War perceptions dominated patterns of U.S. engagement in postwar southern Africa. Not surprisingly, U.S. pledges of trade privileges, economic aid, and export promotion assistance to countries in the region came with expectations. ...

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[5] Human Rights and Vital Security

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pp. 144-163

This chapter focuses on humanitarian norms in cases where partners are believed to be especially vital, contrasting decisions by the United States to terminate aid to Turkey, Guatemala, and El Salvador with Washington’s preservation of military assistance to South Korea, the Philippines, and Greece. ...

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[6] The Implications of Enforced Humanitarian Norms

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pp. 164-184

Most international relations scholars assume that human rights matter very little in the foreign policy of great powers. This book demonstrates that such assessments are too pessimistic. The prominence of humanitarian concerns in the strategic commitments of Great Britain and the United States, two of the greatest powers in history, ...

Notes

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pp. 185-220

Index

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pp. 221-229