Cover

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Frontmatter

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Contents

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List of Figures and Tables

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p. ix

Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-xiv

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Introduction

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pp. 1-21

On July 12, 1837, Ana Mar

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1: Community, Gender, and “Barbarity” in Early Republican Sonora

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pp. 22-49

In 1826, British lieutenant William Hardy recounted a treacherous and desolate journey on a Sonoran road between the port of Guaymas and the growing town of Pitic, complaining as his driver repeatedly dug their wagon out of the desert sands. After spending the night at an isolated ranch, Hardy...

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2: For the Sake of Tranquility: Marriage and Consensual Unions

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pp. 50-74

In the late fall of 1839, an Indian woman named Do

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3: Against Religion and Civilization: Illicit Relationships

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pp. 75-95

In Sonora, sex crimes were relatively uncommon compared to suits over theft, assault, property, and inheritance. Yet these cases were important in ways that their numbers alone cannot tell, because of the vital role sexual practice played in defining public morality in a civilized social order. In this chapter I explore how Sonorans understood illicit relationships as moral...

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4: Death, Debt, and Inheritance: Families and the Circulation of Credit

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pp. 96-115

In 1828, Alcalde Pasqual Iñigo of Pueblo de Seris traveled to the home of the deceased Don Vicente Antúnez to pay his final respects to the local landowner. Antúnez was not a wealthy man, but he did have land and some livestock. As the nearest judicial authority, Iñigo’s visit was also a matter of business. He needed to carry out an inventory of Antúnez’s belongings...

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5: By All Laws, Divine, Positive, Natural, and Civil: Reciprocity and Obligation between Young and Old

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pp. 116-134

In the spring of 1839, a young man, Juan José Castro, arrived at his mother’s house drunk late one evening and began to quarrel with her. The witnesses to their argument could not agree on what they were fighting about, but all were shocked when Juan José struck his mother, Doña Vicenta Cásares, on the face. While the assault left no lasting physical marks, the reactions among...

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6: Servant or Son? : The Negotiation of Labor Relations in Sonora’s Local Courts

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pp. 135-149

The following appeal comes from a conservative, religious magazine that found its way into the home of a local notable family in the city of Alamos at the middle of the nineteenth century. It aptly describes the ideals Sonora’s leaders—liberal and conservative—came to embrace for the republican family, and the servant’s place within that family: “The primary purpose of the family...

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Conclusion

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pp. 150-155

What kind of republican family did Sonorans create in their local courtrooms by the middle of the nineteenth century? Courtroom encounters were conditioned by an Iberian legal legacy, ethnic violence, and emerging liberal ideas about trade, citizenship, and property rights. In Mexico’s remote...

Notes

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pp. 157-182

References

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pp. 183-197

Index

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pp. 199-206