Cover

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pp. 1-2

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 3-8

Contents

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pp. vii-viii

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

Research and writing were generously funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council, and King’s College, Cambridge, but above all by a three-year research fellowship from Downing College, Cambridge, which enabled me to undertake substantial new research. ...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-26

In their rejection of the inevitability and permanence of the status quo, revolutionaries seek to identify, understand, and overcome their own inheritance. The Bolshevik Revolution was no exception. The Bolsheviks were obsessed with the legacy of both the tsarist social order and the economic and cultural forces of capital ...

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1. “Morel’s Children”

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pp. 27-58

It might seem paradoxical that the degenerative model came to exert such a fascination over educated Russians in late Imperial Russia in the midst of the astonishing technological and material achievements of the empire’s industrialization drive.1 ...

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2. The Etiology of Degeneration

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pp. 59-96

By the end of the nineteenth century, a consensus of sorts had emerged within the human sciences in Russia that degenerates did not constitute a separate species of humanity. Rather, they were the fallen, or the children of the fallen, firmly embedded in the matrix of sociohistorical forces that had shaped both their milieu and their heredity.1 ...

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3. “The Flesh and Blood of Society”

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pp. 97-130

In 1913, the psychiatrist Samuel L'vovich Tsetlin (1878–?) reported in the influential Sovremennaia psikhiatriia on the case of a young man who had killed his father. Sergei Martionov had entered his father’s room very early one morning in 1911 and stabbed the sleeping man to death with a dagger. ...

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4. “Microbes of the Mind”

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pp. 131-164

Lev Tolstoi’s War and Peace, published in 1869, contains an arresting scene depicting the lynching of a young man. Vereshchagin stands accused of disseminating defeatist literature in Moscow as Napoleon’s army sweeps eastward. ...

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5. Social Isolation and CoerciveTreatment after the Revolution

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pp. 165-204

In 1927, the criminologist G. N. Udal'tsov published a study entitled “Criminal Offenses in the Armed Forces from the Perspective of Pathological Physiology” in the authoritative Obozrenie psikhiatrii, nevrologii i refleksologii. The study related the case of a student at a technical college. ...

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Conclusion

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pp. 205-210

Vvedenskii’s statement offers a distilled expression of the axis of intellectual continuity that runs throughout the revolutionary era in Russia. Confronting a still overwhelmingly peasant society at the turn of the twentieth century, Russian liberal practitioners of the human sciences struggled to articulate the conditions necessary for the modernization of the country, ...

Bibliography of Primary Sources

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pp. 211-224

Index

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pp. 225-230