Cover

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pp. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

It is a pleasure to record gratitude to the Editorial Board of The Catholic University of America Press for accepting the present work for publication as volume 3 in the series, Selections from the Fathers of the Church, and special thanks to the Director, Dr. David McGonagle, ...

Abbreviations

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pp. ix-x

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Introduction to This Edition

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pp. xi-xiv

It is over fifty years since The Writings of Justin Martyr by Thomas B. Falls appeared in the Fathers of the Church series, as volume six, New York, 1948. The present volume offers a revision of a single work, The Dialogue with Trypho, from Falls’s translation, with an updated, select bibliography ...

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Introduction to the First Edition

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pp. xv-xvi

Justin’s Dialogue with Trypho has come down to us through the Codex Paris. gr. 450 (of the year 1364), not, however, without some lacunae: one in the introduction, the other in chapter 74. The missing part of the introduction would have probably told us of the dedication of this work to Marcus Pompeius, ...

Dialogue with Trypho

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Justin meets Trypho

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pp. 3-4

Early one morning as I was walking along the colonnades of the gymnasium,1 a man, accompanied by some friends, came up to me and said, “Good morning, Philosopher.” Whereupon, he and his friends walked along beside me. ...

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How Justin found philosophy

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pp. 5-16

“I will tell you,” I replied, “my personal views on this subject. Philosophy is indeed one’s greatest possession, and is most precious in the sight of God, to whom it alone leads us and to whom it unites us, and in truth they who have applied themselves to philosophy are holy men. ...

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Justin offers to defend Christian belief

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pp. 17-19

“My friend,” I replied, “I pardon you, and may the Lord forgive you, for you don’t know what you are saying; you have been instructed by teachers who are ignorant of the meaning of the Scriptures, and, raving like an oracle, you blurt out whatever comes into your mind. ...

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A new covenant, not a new God

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pp. 20-30

And I answered him, “Trypho, there never will be, nor has there ever been from eternity, any other God except him who created and formed this universe. Furthermore, we do not claim that our God is different from yours, for he is the God who, with a strong hand and outstretched arm, led your forefathers out of the land of Egypt.1 ...

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Jewish ritual laws as a remedy for idolatry

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pp. 31-36

“As I already explained,” I answered, “it is because circumcision is not essential for all men, but only for you Jews, to mark you off for the suffering you now so deservedly endure. Nor do we approve of your useless baptism of the wells, which has no connection at all with our baptism of life. ...

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A Christian interpretation of ritual laws

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pp. 37-46

“If we do not accept this conclusion, then we shall fall into absurd ideas, as the nonsense either that our God is not the same God who existed in the days of Enoch and all the others who were not circumcised in the flesh, and did not observe the Sabbaths and the other rites, since Moses only imposed them later; ...

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The Messiah: already here or still to come?

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pp. 47-53

“If such power is shown to have accompanied, and even now accompanies, the economy of his Passion, just think how great shall be his power at his glorious coming! For, as Daniel foretold, He shall come on the clouds as the Son of Man, accompanied by his angels. ...

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Divisions among Christians

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pp. 54-55

At this point, Trypho interrupted me by saying, “Indeed I know that there are many who profess their faith in Jesus and are considered to be Christians, yet they claim there is no harm in their eating meats sacrificed to idols.” ...

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The divinity of the Messiah

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pp. 56-64

Trypho then said, “It may also be admitted that this is exactly as you say, and that the prophets predicted that Christ was to suffer, that he was to be called a Stone, that his first coming in which he was proclaimed to appear in suffering would be followed by another in glory, ...

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Scriptural types of Jesus

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pp. 65-67

“As circumcision, then, originated with Abraham, and the Sabbath, sacrifices, oblations, and festivals with Moses (and it has already been shown that your people were commanded to observe these things because of their hardness of heart), so it was expedient that, in accordance with the will of the Father, ...

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Those who live by the Law of Moses

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pp. 68-72

Trypho then interjected, “Although you insist that your arguments must be lined up in the order predetermined by yourself, permit me to interrupt you at this point to ask a very urgent question.” ...

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The Messiah must be Jesus

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pp. 73-81

“We have now heard your opinion on these matters,” interposed Trypho. “Resume your discourse where you left off, and bring it to an end, for it seems to me to be entirely absurd and utterly incapable of proof. Your statement that this Christ existed as God before all ages, ...

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The unity of God and the divinity of Christ

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pp. 82-96

“We shall keep this interpretation of yours in mind,” Trypho replied, “if you can reinforce your point with other arguments as well. But now, return to the original topic and prove to us that the prophetic Spirit ever admits the existence of another God, besides the Creator of all things; ...

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The virginal birth

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pp. 97-110

“My friend,” said Trypho, “you have proved your point forcibly and with many arguments. Now prove to us that he condescended to become man by a virgin, in accordance with his Father’s will, and to be crucified, and to die; show us, too, that after rising from the dead he ascended into heaven.” ...

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Corrections to the text of Scripture

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pp. 111-115

“But I certainly do not trust your teachers when they refuse to admit that the translation of the Scriptures made by the seventy elders at the court of King Ptolemy of Egypt is a correct one, but attempt to make their own translation.1 ...

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[The Second Day’s Discussion]

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pp. 116-133

[“And the Lord said to Moses: See, soon you will be at rest with your fathers. And then this people will take to wantonly worshipping the strange gods]1 among whom they will live in the land they are about to enter. They will forsake me and break the covenant which I have made with them. ...

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More on the birth of Jesus

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pp. 117-124

“We know too that in the book of Exodus Moses likewise indicated in a mysterious manner that the name of God himself (which he says was not revealed to Abraham or to Jacob) was also Jesus. For it is written thus: And the Lord said to Moses, say to this people: Behold, I send my angel before your face, ...

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Millennium at the end of the world

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pp. 125-127

“Sir,” replied Trypho, “as I already remarked, you steadfastly cling to the Scriptures in all your statements. But, tell me truthfully, do you really believe that this place Jerusalem shall be rebuilt, and do you actually expect that you Christians will one day congregate there to live joyfully with Christ,1 ...

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Interpreting Scripture about Christ

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pp. 128-138

“You should realize from the fact that among us Christians the charisms of prophecy exist down to the present day that the gifts that previously resided among your people have now been transferred to us. And, just as there were false prophets among you at the time your holy prophets lived, ...

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The problem of the crucifixion

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pp. 139-147

“You know very well,” said Trypho, “that we Jews all look forward to the coming of the Christ, and we admit that all your Scriptural quotations refer to him. I also admit that the name Jesus [Joshua], which was given to the son of Nun, has prompted me to incline to this opinion. ...

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How Christians read Psalm 22

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pp. 148-160

“Besides, the fact that the prophet Moses remained until evening in the form of the cross, when his hands were held up by Aaron and Hur, did not happen without purpose. For the Lord also remained upon the cross almost until evening, and they buried him toward evening.1 ...

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The sign of Jonah

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pp. 161-163

“And these Memoirs also testify to the fact of his resurrection from the dead on the third day after the crucifixion, for it is there recorded that, in answer to the contentious Jews who said to him, ‘Show us a sign,’ he answered them, ‘An evil and adulterous generation demands a sign and no sign shall be given it but the sign of Jonah.’1 ...

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Reprise of points from the first day

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pp. 164-171

When I had concluded this quotation, I added, “Gentlemen, I am aware that your teachers admit that this whole pericope refers to Christ; I also know that they affirm that Christ has not yet come. But they say that even if he has come, it is not known who he is, until he shall become manifest and glorious; ...

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Jesus as high priest

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pp. 172-177

“But you should believe Zechariah when he thus describes the mystery of Christ in parable, proclaiming it with hidden meaning.1 These are his words: Rejoice and be glad, O daughter of Zion; for behold I come, and I will dwell in your midst, says the Lord. ...

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The Gentiles as God’s new people

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pp. 178-188

“Do you, gentlemen, suppose,” I continued, “that we could have grasped these things in the Scriptures without a special grace from him who willed them, so that the words spoken by Moses might be fulfilled? Here they are: ...

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The names of Christ in Scripture

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pp. 189-192

“But, Trypho,” I continued, “if you had known who he is who at one time is called angel of great counsel,1 and Man by Ezekiel,2 and the Son of Man by Daniel,3 and a child by Isaiah,4 and Christ and God [and] who is to be adored by David,5 and Christ and Stone by many prophets,6 ...

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The unity of God and the divinity of Christ: reprise

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pp. 193-195

“I have shown in many previous statements that Christ is the Lord, and God the Son, that in times gone by he appeared by his power as man and angel, and in the glory of fire as in the bush, and that he was present to execute the judgment against Sodom.” ...

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The election of the Jews and Gentiles

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pp. 196-205

When they all assented, I continued, “Permit me to quote now some passages of Scripture which I have not mentioned earlier. They were spoken in parable by that faithful servant, Moses, and go as follows: Rejoice, you heavens, with him, and let all the angels of God worship him.”1 ...

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A final appeal

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pp. 206-211

“My brothers, do not speak anything evil against the crucified one, nor scoff at his wounds, by which every one may be healed, as we have been healed.1 For it would be wonderful if you in obedience to the Scriptures would be circumcised from the hardness of your heart,2 ...

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Conclusion

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pp. 212-229

After a brief pause, Trypho continued, “You see that it was not by any deliberate design that we began the discussion of these matters, but I confess that I have derived great pleasure from our association, and I think that they too are of a similar disposition. ...

Select Bibliography

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pp. 213-218

General Index

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pp. 219-222

Index of Holy Scripture

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pp. 223-230

Production Notes, Back Cover

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pp. 248-249