Cover

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pp. 1-7

Contents

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pp. vii-9

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-x

This book owes a great deal to the support and commitment of many women. I am grateful to Nadia Yassin, Mona Khalifi, Leila Rhiwi, Khadija Mufid, Bouchra Abdou, Ghizlane el Bahraoui, Naima Benyaich, Oufae Benabdelkader, Najia Zirari, Najat Razi, Rabea Naciri, Rachida Tahiri, Halima...

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Introduction. Struggles over Political Power: Entangled Feminist and Islamist Movements

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pp. xi-xxx

“The feminist movement is the locomotive; if it breaks down, it will take with it all democratic forces in this country.” With these words, Samira explained why she had traveled all the way north from the southern city of Marrakech to join the feminist rally in Rabat in March 2000. The trains were packed,...

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1. Gender and the Nation State: Family Law, Scholars, Activists, and Dissidents

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pp. 1-29

On August 20, 1992, the Moroccan public was expecting to hear King Hassan’s annual address to the nation. The women involved in signing the One Million Signature Campaign were particularly concerned with that year’s address. They knew that the king would not keep silent after their mass mobilization, much less after the...

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2. Feminization of the Islamist Movements: The One Million Signature Campaign

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pp. 30-68

In 1992 the feminist group UAF launched the One Million Signature Campaign. As its name indicates, this campaign aimed to collect one million signatures against the mudawwana. The petition contested this code’s consecration of gender inequalities and proposed an egalitarian codification based...

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3. Reversing the Feminist Gains: The Islamist Mass Rally of 2000

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pp. 69-109

The Islamist rally of March 2000 truly marked Islamist women’s entry into the formal political field. I consider this rally a movement moment because it captures simultaneously the tensions related to political alternance and the new framework in which the feminist movement had to operate. In this chapter...

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4. Feminism and Islamism Redefined: In Light of the 2003 Terror Attack on Casablanca

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pp. 110-133

In May 2003, five simultaneous explosions shook the city of Casablanca, killing forty-five people, including the twelve men, all Moroccans, involved in the attacks. The targets were a Spanish cultural center hosting a restaurant, a Jewish community center, a Jewish cemetery, the Belgian consulate,...

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5. Subversive Veiling: Beyond the Binary of the Secular and the Religious

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pp. 134-147

The terms “feminism” and “Islamism” have genealogies rooted in colonial representations about Islam and postcolonial identifications with modernity. Gender lies at the center of these representations. The question of women’s oppression in Islam was crucial to legitimizing not only the colonial enterprise...

Notes

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pp. 149-157

Glossary, Abbreviations, and Organizations

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pp. 159-163

Bibliography

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pp. 165-181

Index

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pp. 183-195