Cover

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pp. 1-5

Contents

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pp. v-vi

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

I thankfully acknowledge Professor Anne Schneider for the invaluable insights and suggestions she provided for this project. I also thank Andrea Vieux; her laborious reading and coding of articles about neighborhood associations in numerous cities was essential for the content analysis in chapter 4. ...

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Introduction. Government Programs Matter: Political Learning, Policy Feedback, and the Policy-Centered Approach

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pp. 1-28

Does government matter? To many people, the answer to this question may seem obvious, especially if the focus is on either the federal or the state government. When officials in power take us into war, there are major consequences with respect to national security, the image of the nation in the world, the country’s relationships with various foreign powers, ...

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1. The Participatory Impacts of County Governments’ Means-Tested and Universal Social Programs

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pp. 29-52

As noted in the introduction, policy-centered theory with its emphasis on the ways in which public programs shape subsequent political participation developed primarily in studies of major, national-level social welfare programs. The most dramatic empirical support for policy-centered theory involves the finding that experience with means-tested programs ...

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2. City Government and Neighborhoods: Intentional Empowerment and Reactionary Mobilization

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pp. 53-76

Neighborhood-level political involvement is a less heavily studied form of participation than voting and, from some points of view, perhaps a narrower and less interesting form of political participation. However, a substantial case has been made for the importance of participation in neighborhood-based organizations, ...

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3. Community Policing: A Reform Policy for Police Responsiveness

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pp. 77-114

Chapter 2 showed that local government responsiveness to neighborhoods in a broad sense can have unintended, demobilizing effects on citizen involvement with neighborhood associations. In that chapter, we saw how government responsiveness could stem from a variety of programs, policies, or actions, including ...

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4. City Government, Economic Development Incentives, and Business Influence

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pp. 115-144

For critics of what is often called corporate welfare, there can surely be no more offensive comparison than that between the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) welfare program in the United States and the subsidy-focused, “supply side” (Eisinger 1988) version of development policy that has characterized state and local government treatment of businesses for years. ...

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5. The Impact of Development Incentive Policy Reform: A Case Study

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pp. 145-178

Does the character of city governments’ business subsidy policy shape political action and community involvement by local business executives? The preceding chapter presented some evidence that it does. Data from nationwide city surveys suggests an inverted U-shaped relationship between the extent to which a city adopts reforms ...

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6. Policy-Centered Theory and Urban Programs: Community Effects in a Global Context

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pp. 179-200

Policy-centered theory invites us to consider the possibility that public policies and the government programs that embody them may have important consequences for democracy. Government programs can distribute benefits in a way that subsequently mobilizes stakeholders or in a way that has a chilling effect on political participation; ...

Appendix A: The Study Cities and Their 2000 Populations

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pp. 201-202

Appendix B: Additional Detail on Content Analysis Procedures and Coding Rules

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pp. 203-206

Notes

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pp. 207-210

Bibliography

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pp. 211-228

Index

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pp. 229-233