In this Book

summary

Until recently, policy evaluation has mostly meant assessing whether government programs raise reading levels, decrease teen pregnancy rates, improve air quality levels, lower drunk-driving rates, or achieve any of the other goals that government programs are ostensibly created to do. Whether or not such programs also have consequences with respect to future demands for government action and whether government programs can heighten—or dampen—citizen involvement in civic activities are questions that are typically overlooked.

This book applies such questions to local government. Employing policy feedback theory to a series of local government programs, Elaine B. Sharp shows that these programs do have consequences with respect to citizens’ political participation. Unlike other feedback theory investigations, which tend to focus on federal government programs, Sharp’s looks at a broad range of policy at the local level, including community policing programs, economic development for businesses, and neighborhood empowerment programs.

With this clear-eyed analysis, Sharp finds that local governments’ social program activities actually dampen participation of the have-nots, while cities’ development programs reinforce the political involvement of already-privileged business interests. Meanwhile, iconic urban programs such as community policing and broader programs of neighborhood empowerment fail to enhance civic engagement or build social capital at the neighborhood level; at worst, they have the potential to deepen divisions—especially racial divisions—that undercut urban neighborhoods.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. pp. 1-5
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  1. Contents
  2. pp. v-vi
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  1. Acknowledgments
  2. pp. vii-viii
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  1. Introduction. Government Programs Matter: Political Learning, Policy Feedback, and the Policy-Centered Approach
  2. pp. 1-28
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  1. 1. The Participatory Impacts of County Governments’ Means-Tested and Universal Social Programs
  2. pp. 29-52
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  1. 2. City Government and Neighborhoods: Intentional Empowerment and Reactionary Mobilization
  2. pp. 53-76
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  1. 3. Community Policing: A Reform Policy for Police Responsiveness
  2. pp. 77-114
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  1. 4. City Government, Economic Development Incentives, and Business Influence
  2. pp. 115-144
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  1. 5. The Impact of Development Incentive Policy Reform: A Case Study
  2. pp. 145-178
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  1. 6. Policy-Centered Theory and Urban Programs: Community Effects in a Global Context
  2. pp. 179-200
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  1. Appendix A: The Study Cities and Their 2000 Populations
  2. pp. 201-202
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  1. Appendix B: Additional Detail on Content Analysis Procedures and Coding Rules
  2. pp. 203-206
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  1. Notes
  2. pp. 207-210
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  1. Bibliography
  2. pp. 211-228
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  1. Index
  2. pp. 229-233
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Additional Information

ISBN
9780816681457
Print ISBN
9780816677184
MARC Record
OCLC
833584713
Pages
248
Launched on MUSE
2014-01-01
Language
English
Open Access
N
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