Cover

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-2

Title Page, Copyright

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. iii-iv

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. v-v

read more

Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. vii-xiii

This book is about the backwash of a conflict that has largely ended. It has been almost a decade since a peace agreement was signed in Northern Ireland and even longer since a joint 1994 cease-fire was announced. This is a significant duration of time—most conflicts have a high likelihood of reigniting within the first five years of peace. Northern Ireland has witnessed ...

Abbreviations

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. xv-xvi

read more

1. Staying Put

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 1-27

Paramilitaries respond to formal peace in different ways. Some issue prompt stand-down orders and implement them with efficiency. Others drag their feet, dismantling by fits and starts. Still others stay put, endorsing peace but refusing to stand down. In Northern Ireland a formal peace accord was signed in April 1998. Nine years later the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) finally stood down. Its ...

read more

2. The Loyalist Prison Experience

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 28-52

During the Troubles, thousands of men and women from both communities went to prison for committing terrorist offenses. The Republican experience in prison has been well documented. The story of Bobby Sands and the hunger strikers, for example, is now firmly part of Republican lore. Sands’s grave in Belfast is a shrine to the Republican struggle, and his image ...

read more

3. Class Matters

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 53-83

One of the most striking aspects of walking across Belfast’s sectarian divides is how structurally similar Protestant and Catholic working-class estates actually are. Both sides are dominated by terraced council houses operated by the Northern Ireland Housing Executive. Homes are usually two stories with small rear gardens that back up to those on parallel streets. Front gardens tend ...

read more

4. Fighting with History instead of Guns

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 84-109

Although paramilitaries on both sides of Northern Ireland’s ethnoreligious divide agreed to put their arms down in 1998, commentators and scholars alike agree that the constitutional question remains unanswered and that the battle to answer it conclusively, once and for all, continues. It is merely the weapons that have changed. Of course some Loyalists and Republicans ...

read more

5. Loyalism and the Voluntary Sector

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 110-128

For many people, peace agreements are about endings. Combatants put down their guns, the fighting stops, and things go back to the way they used to be. After a protracted conflict, however, things rarely return to the way they were. In Northern Ireland the city center was rebuilt, but with glitzy shops and high-end pubs instead of family businesses and low-cost ...

read more

6. Loyalist Feuds

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 129-157

Two years after the signing of the Belfast Agreement, the British army returned to Belfast to bring order to its streets (S. Breen 2000; Reuters 2000).Its presence, however, was not precipitated by renewed violence between the IRA and Loyalist paramilitaries. Rather, soldiers were brought in to patrol the Shankill Road after a week of internecine Loyalist feuding between ...

read more

7. Immigrants, Paramilitaries,and Turf

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 158-188

Immigration to Ireland and Northern Ireland is a recent phenomenon. In 1845, on the eve of the potato famine, the population of the island stood at approximately eight million people. Five years later, it had declined by over a third, with one million people succumbing to starvation and disease and an-other two million emigrating, mostly to America (American Immigration Law ...

read more

8. What to Do with the Paramilitaries?

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 189-220

In March 2005 I interviewed Mark Langhammer, then a borough-level councillor (Labour) for Newtownabbey, an area just north of Belfast. Until then, most of my interviews had been with Loyalist paramilitaries, exprisoners, and community workers. Many of the men I spoke with seemed genuinely committed to peace, and it is clear that several had put themselves ...

Reference List

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 221-238

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF

pp. 239-248